Driscoll, D.G., Carter, J.M. and Ohlen, D.O. 2004. Hydrologic Effects of the 1988 Galena Fire, Black Hills Area, South Dakota. USGS Water-Resources Investigations Report 0304323, 67 p.
The Galena Fire burned about 16,788 acres of primarily ponderosa pine forest during July 5-8, 1988, the the Black Hills area of South Dakota. The fire burned primarily with the Grace Coolidge Creek drainage basin and almost entirely within the boundaries of Custer State park. A US Geological Survey gaging station with streamflow records dating back to 1977 was located along Grace Coolidge Creek within the burned area. About one-half of the gaging station's 26.8-square-mile drainage area was burned. The drainage basin for Bear Gulch, which is tributary to Grace Coolidge Creek, was burned particularly severely, with complete deforestation occurring in nearly the entirety of the area upstream from a gaging station that was installed in 1989.