The Graves of Marcus Whitman's Parents

The parents of Marcus Whitman, Beza (1773-1810) and Alice (1777-1857), are buried in the Baldwin Corners Cemetery, located about a mile north of Rushville, New York. Beza Whitman married Alice Green on March 9, 1797. They moved to Federal Hollow, later renamed Rushville, around 1800. Marcus was born in Federal Hollow (Rushville) in 1802. Eight years later Beza died at the age of 37. Widowed with 5 children, Alice married Calvin Loomis (1766-1840) in 1811. She had three more children and lived to the ripe old age of 79.

Beza Whitman's Headstone

thin dark headstone, white headstones in background
The thin, dark, flaking headstone of Bezant Whitman, contrasts sharply with the white headstones in the background.

Courtesy Michael McKenzie, PH.D.

There are several notable characteristics of Bezant's tombstone. There are six to eight similar markers in this cemetery, made of the same flaky, shale-like rock, and probably inscribed by the same carver. They all are approximately the same date, bear the same letter style and shape of tombstone, and many have a cryptic riddle or poem about death as an epitaph. This carver also apparently had difficulty making his words fit the available space, since not only did he run out of room on Bezant's stone (having to superscript the final "e" in "me"), but he also had the same problem on two other markers. On two of his other creations, however, he did manage to spell "friend" correctly.


The full text of what is on Beza's headstone reads:

In Memory of Beza
Whitman who Departed
this life April 7th AD 1810
in the 37th year of his

Stop here my freind [sic] and think on me
I once was in the World like the [thee]
This is a call aloud to the [thee]
Prepare for Death and follow me

Alice Loomis's Headstone
close-up of Alice Loomis' headstone
The headstone of Alice Loomis, Marcus Whitman's mother

Courtesy Michael McKenzie, Ph.D.

Alice Loomis was buried next to her first husband, Beza Whitman. Alice's headstone is lighter than Beza's reflecting a later style of both material and writing. The text on her headstone reads:

Formerly Wife of Beza
Sept 6, 1857

About the Area
Welcome sign for Rushville, New York.
Rushville is located about twenty miles north of Prattsburgh, the home of Narcissa Prentiss, the woman who would later marry Marcus Whitman. Both villages are in the Finger Lakes Region of western New York State, part of the area called the "Burned-Over District" in the years prior to the Civil War. The region got its name from the intense religious activity that consumed the entire western half of the state. During this time period, intense evangelistic gatherings, called "Camp Meetings," were used to attract new followers and to confirm believers in their faith. Thus, the religious fervor demonstrated by Marcus and Narcissa, leading to their accepting the rigors of missionary life, was not uncommon. Many of the Methodist missionaries that swept into the Pacific Northwest during the first half of the 19th-century were also from western New York.

Written for Whitman Mission National Historic Site
by Michael McKenzie, Ph.D.
Keuka College
Keuka Park, New York

Pictures by Michael McKenzie, may be used only by permission of the author.

Last updated: March 1, 2015

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