To Rev. Greene: September 5, 1836

Walla Walla Fort,

9 miles below the junction of Lewis + Clark's Rivers,

Sep 5th, 1836.

Rev D Greene,

Dear Sir

By the smiles of a kind Providence we have been brought to what we call the termination of our journey; in health + with much more of comfort than we antisipated. Mr Gray + Myselfe arrived here the 1st day of Sept + Mr Spaulding the 3d inst., he having remained behind with the cattle. On arriving here we were received by Mr Pambran in the kindest manner + the great hospitality we received almost made us forget the fatigues of our long journey In evry stage of our journey we have received the kindest hospitality from those with whome we traveled but more especially since we joined the camp of Messrs McLeod + McKay. (In my former written McCloud + McCroy as spoken here) For most of the way that we traveled with them we were in a country where there is but little game yet by their great exertion they often obtained some + whenever they were So fortunat we were Sure to share largely with them which together with fresh + dry Salmon purchased of the Indians + some corn + rice which we obtained of Mr McKay at Snake fort made us quite comfortable for the journey Indeed when we recount the mercies we have received we are constrained to say goodness + mercy have followed us all the way for in no case have we met with any serious impediment to our journey + even those circumstances which seemed to present almost insurmountable obstacles to our progress; have mostly lost their importance as we have progressed or we have seen that they have resulted for the best even to us. Our Ladies are quite rested + in good health after the journey. Mrs Spaulding has been quite well for the later part of the way that is for most of way cinse we left rendezvous. We brought our waggon + all of our cattle to Snake Fort about 250 miles above this Post on Lewis (or as called here Snake) River. The waggon we left subject to future order The cattle came on very well with the exception of those we left at the Snake Fort. For them we expect cattle at this place in return Most of the Nezperce Indians accompanyed us to Fort Hall on Snake River 260 miles west of Rendezvous + one of the Chiefs accompaned us all the way to this place Mr Pambran is going with a boat to Vancouver tomorrow for supplis for us + we intend to accompany him with our ladies which will occupy us near four weeks distanc 300 miles down the Columbia We expect to be able to obtain supplies of flour corn potatoes +c of the Company for food together with farming utensials + seeds

When we return from Vancouver we shall procede to the Nez perce country to explore for the purpose finding a location. We are somewhat disappointed in not finding letters here as Mr Parker had promised. He sailed from Vancouver early in July for the Sandwich Islands on his way home We expect to be able to write from Vancouver + report our expences. We hope to be able to make our location this fall + build. To trace our rout we will start at Cantoonment Levenworth which is 12 or 15 miles west of the State line of Mo on the south side of the Missori River From there to the Platt is 250 miles over a rooling Prairie which is composed of rich black soil. There are several streams of different sises which run throug it upon each of which there is a very limited supply of timber We croosed the Platt about 8 miles above the mouth at the Otto Agency Here also is a Small supply of timber Then we pased up a few miles from the Platte to the Elk Horn River where we find less timber + from here to the Loup fork much less still The land as befor Rooling + rich After we cross the Loup fork we travel up it 60 or 70 miles untill we find little timber + the soil is not universally good much of the rooling Prairie is baren sand or hard clay. As we cross from the Loup to the Plat we find two streams upon each of which there is a litle timber + between the last + the Plat there is a fine rich plain of about 10 miles wide on the Plat + the Island which are here in it is conciderable timber From this to forks of Platt the land remains good to a considerable extent but the timber becomes very little + from here to within 20 miles Fort william on Larimys Fork of Platt say 300 miles nearly there is no timber, with a few trifling exceptions + the soil is baren except a very little near the river. From here to divide of the Rocky Mountains there is only a few small clusters of timber + as we come near the mountains willows upon the streams The soil quite baren except in Small skirts or moist spots for grass - near the streams Course [Steers?] for a little north of west to Rendezvous The same description applies to the country to Fort Hall 200 miles west of Rendezvous only that the grass is more abundant In some places timber is to be found upon the mountains but where found is mostly small Near Fort Hall there is more of fertility + the climate is milder than in the Mountains But even here the timber is poor + limited + the fertile spots for it is only in spots are not large From a few miles below Fort Hall to woody River about 300 miles along Lewis or Snak river the country is so baren that we cannot recollect a single fertile spot to the amount of an acre on the River for the whole distance On most of the small streams that fall into the river there is more grass + in instances a little fertility, Snake Fort is upon woody creek a few miles from Lewis River On this creek [Blurred spot] find the first timber after we leave fort [Blurred spot] + even here it is small + limited The rest of [Blurred spot] a few willows only are to be found on the river + small Streams

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I cannot avoid Sending this imperfect + unfinised sketch as it is now time for us to embark for Vancouver. I send this rather than none at all I will finish the discription of country at another time.

Yours affectionately
M Whitman

Last updated: March 1, 2015

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