Lesson Plan

Reflections of African American Patriots at Valley Forge

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Grade Level:
Sixth Grade-Eighth Grade
African American History and Culture, Colonial History, History, Language Arts, Military and Wartime History, Reading, Revolutionary War
Group Size:
Up to 24
National/State Standards:
Pennsylvania State Standards:
8.1: Historical Analysis and Skills Development: 8.1.6. B, 8.1.7. B, 8.1.8. B

Common Core Standards:
WHST.6-8.4, WHST.6-8.9


There are many little known stories in our nation’s history. We are challenged to uncover them and to analyze their significance to our nation and to us as individuals.


  • Students will examine the presence of African American soldiers in the Revolutionary War. 
  • Students will explore possible perspectives of key figures of that time. 
  • Summarize information from a variety of sources on a Black patriot by writing a focused response to an open- ended question and participating in class discussions.  


How does broadening our perspectives to include missing points of view enhance learning about history? What does analysis of the little known story of Black Patriots, like Salem Poor, reveal about the perspectives and challenges of the soldiers during the Revolutionary War? How does analysis of the little known story of Black Patriots, like Salem Poor, contribute to the body of well-known information about the Revolutionary War?

Students will be evaluated through class discussions and written activities. 

Last updated: January 6, 2016