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Essential Competencies

Introduction: Facility managers are responsible for annual and long-range planning and for the maintenance of the cultural and natural resources of parks, including historic and modern structures, utilities, archeological sites, roads, trails, and diverse landscapes. This position oversees a diversity of tasks and skills made more complex by the dispersion of the work force throughout the park; the flexible nature of assignments which vary as a result of seasonal needs, emergency responses, and changes in priorities; the need for specialized cultural and natural resource knowledge; and the ability to coordinate operations under logistically complex and sometimes isolated conditions.

Within the over-arching task of establishing short and long-term goals for the care and maintenance of park resources, Facility Managers are expected to carry out duties necessary for achieving the NPS mission of evaluating, preserving, and protecting critical cultural resources. In pursuit of this mission, Facility Managers perform the following representative duties:

Initiate and oversee planning, project work, and maintenance activities in cultural resource management as it pertains to historic structures and their landscapes, historic fields, orchards, gardens, stone walls, and fences.

Work within Section 106 and 110 guidelines, assuring park compliance to historic preservation principles and policies through independent and joint efforts.

Serve as project supervisor on contract work, assuring compliance upon project completion with preservation standards for historic structures and grounds.

Maintain close contact and coordination with central office preservation specialists.

Coordinate with other divisions in the development and creation of cultural resource components of the park's Resource Management Plan as they relate to the treatment and management of historic structures and their landscapes, fields, plant material, gardens, stone walls, and fences.

Work closely and coordinate with state and local community resource management departments and historic preservation agencies.

The duties of a Facility Manager are further defined by the overall responsibility of guiding a division expected to be both proactive as well as reactive. This basic fact serves as the over-arching framework under with the Facility Manager makes decisions, utilizing his/her expertise in the treatment and stewardship of park cultural resources.

I. Professional Discipline

Basic knowledge of the role, function, and management principles which guide the operation of park, cluster, and regional cultural resource divisions such as Museum Services, Archeology, Cultural Landscapes, Historic Architecture (building preservation), History, and Ethnography.

Ability to recognize the interrelationship of maintenance with all cultural resource disciplines and work within this framework towards the joint accomplishment of cultural resource projects and goals.

Knowledge of natural resource issues and concerns as they affect and interface with cultural resources.

Ability to develop partnerships for the accomplishment of cultural resource programs.

II. Preservation Law, Philosophy, and Practice

Familiarity with NPS-28, the National Historic Preservation Act (Sections 106 and 110), National Environmental Policy Act, and Section 4f as they apply to the management of park cultural resources.

Ability to apply and integrate the principles of Section 106 and 110 into the planning process and to apply this knowledge to the treatments and maintenance projects.

Knowledge of different building/structure types and ability to apply this knowledge to treatments and maintenance projects conducted on historic properties.

Knowledge of cultural landscape treatment and maintenance practices and ability to apply this knowledge to work conducted on historic landscapes.

Knowledge of the Secretary of the Interior's Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties and National Park Service CRM policies and guidelines and the ability to apply this knowledge to guide work on historic structures and cultural landscapes.

Ability to apply and oversee the application of criteria, standards, and guidelines for the identification, evaluation, and documentation of cultural resources.

Knowledge of federal legislation and laws affecting historic properties such and the Americans with Disabilities Act, life safety, fire and health codes, sustainable design, and ability to apply this knowledge to work on historic properties.

Knowledge of federal, state, and local health and safety compliance codes which guide the inspection and treatment of hazardous materials such as lead paint, asbestos, and other items posing a potential health risk within and around historic structures.

III. Research and Inventory

Basic knowledge of cultural resource inventories (e.g., List of Classified Structures, Cultural Landscapes Inventory, Cultural Sites Inventory, Automated National Catalog System, and Cultural Resource Bibliography, Historic American Building Survey, Historic American Engineering Record, National Register documentation) and their role in research, project design, planning, and treatment recommendations.

Ability to use NPS cultural resource inventories and databases in the management of cultural resources; including the Cultural Resource Bibliography, List of Classified Structures, National Register of Historic Places, National Register Information System, Cultural Landscape Inventory, Archeological Resource Survey, and the Automated National Catalog.

Ability to assess various aspects of a structure's historic character, construction, physical evaluation, integrity, condition, biological and environmental threats, and the probable impact of the proposed uses and treatments.

Ability to assess various aspects of a historic landscape's character, to comprehend the landscape in terms of its character, integrity, physical evolution, condition, the biological and environmental threats, and the probable impact of proposed uses and treatments.

Working knowledge of the Inventory and Condition Assessment Program (ICAP) and its use as a management tool in the assessment, planning, and treatment of park cultural resources.

Ability to diagnose maintenance practices that contribute to materials or system deterioration in historic structures.

Ability to identify, assess, and document potential life, safety, and health dangers/issues found within and around historic structures.

IV. Preservation, Treatment, and Maintenance

Basic knowledge of traditional building materials and finishes such as wood, masonry, metals, paints, etc. to assure that work and materials meet treatment specifications and standards for historic structures.

Ability to prescribe long-range treatment and maintenance recommendations for cultural landscapes and historic structures in a manner which protects both cultural and natural resource values, including the ability to coordinate and carry out the implementation of treatment and maintenance recommendations, including contract management.

Ability to prepare cyclic preservation maintenance documents to guide historic structure maintenance within compliance guidelines. Ability to utilize the Inventory and Condition Assessment Program (ICAP) work procedures sections to produce cyclic work tasks.

Ability to develop and manage a cyclic landscape maintenance program, including site-specific preservation maintenance guidelines, calendars, procedures, and treatments consistent with compliance guidelines.

Ability to prepare reports, plans, specifications, and cost estimates to support treatment and maintenance for park related projects.

Skill at working effectively with park, cluster, and field directorate cultural resource personnel to develop maintenance practices sensitive to cyclic and project work performed by maintenance personnel.

Ability to work closely with museum services personnel in the preservation and protection of museum collections, including housekeeping, storage, and environmental monitoring.

Ability to coordinate closely with protection and natural resource management personnel in the planning and treatment of cultural resources in areas of fire and intrusion, hazardous material abatement, landscape maintenance, and orchard management.

Ability to direct maintenance practices to preserve historic fabric, properties, and objects and knowledge about techniques, methods, and practices to achieve this.

Ability to prescribe and supervise treatments in the abatement of hazardous material and elimination of hazardous items posing health and safety threats in and around historic structures.

V. Program and Project Management

Skill in the preparation of construction contract specifications, bidding procedures, and contracting requirements.

Knowledge of the legal and administrative requirements of Cooperative Agreements as opposed to services and construction contracts and ability to establish Agreements.

Ability to serve as the Contracting Officer's Technical Representative on service and construction contracts dealing with the treatment of cultural resources.

Knowledge of Special Use Fees and the Historic Leasing Program as it relates to the use of these fees in carrying out programs for monitoring and treatment of park cultural resources.

Knowledge of federal contracting regulations and procurement regulations.

Ability to assist in development of the cultural resource component of the park's Resource Management Plan.

Basic knowledge and understanding of related resource management disciplines such as history, cultural landscape architecture, archeology, museum collections, ethnography, and natural resources to the degree that ensures their proper consideration in cultural resource management and planning.

Ability to review other professional discipline reports, construction documents, and shop drawings and respond in a constructive and relevant manner sensitive to resource needs.

Ability to participate in interdisciplinary activities on preservation planning and treatment projects.

Ability to work effectively as a team with other professionals and managers on preservation planning and treatment projects involving or affecting cultural resources and the ability to serve as a team leader on such projects.

VI. Writing and Communication

Skilled in verbal and written communications.

Ability to make presentations and prepare reports for park, regional, and external meetings.

Ability to maintain close contact and coordination with regional cultural resource specialists.

Ability to communicate effectively with preservation craftsmen, park operations, and maintenance staff to develop and implement preservation treatments.

Basic skill in the use of computers and associated programs (List of Classified Structures, Cultural Landscape Inventory, Maintenance Management System, Inventory and Condition Assessment Program, dBase, etc.) in support of the overall management of cultural resources.

VII. Training

Ability to identify and prescribe training for maintenance personnel dealing with cultural resource maintenance and preservation.

Ability to perform in-house training, in coordination with other divisions, on the philosophy, approach, and treatment of cultural resources.

Knowledge of how to train maintenance personnel in appropriate maintenance techniques for historic structures.

National Park Service
Training and Development Division
Essential Competencies

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