Previous Page TOC Next Page



Essential Competency: Entry Level

An entry level Landscape Preservation Specialist possess basic knowledge, skills and abilities required to perform basic preservation maintenance, repair and treatment of cultural landscape features. Based on assignments that are narrowly focused and detailed, with close and regular supervision, those knowledge, skills and abilities are strengthened and broadened. Ideally, entry level Landscape Preservation Specialists are professionally mentored and technically supervised by other preservation specialists, preservation horticulturists or historic landscape architects at the developmental or full performance level. Training is geared toward orienting the Landscape Preservation Specialist to the agency's organization and mission, the cultural landscape preservation field, and adapting standard landscape management techniques and procedures to the preservation of cultural landscape resources. Training would typically be achieved by specific developmental activities including formal instruction, on-the-job experiences, apprenticeships, special work assignments and close mentoring.

Professional Discipline

Serves as staff to the resource person for matters related to the care, preservation, maintenance and conservation of cultural landscape resources.

Basic knowledge of a wide range of technical methods, principles, and practices related to the care of historic landscape features, materials and resources.

Journey level skill in a minimum of one discipline related to landscape management such as horticulture, arboriculture, agronomy, integrated pest management, etc. Basic knowledge of allied fields.

Preservation Law, Philosophy and Practice

Basic knowledge of the origins, theories, principles, laws, practices and techniques of historic preservation, particularly as they apply to the preservation of cultural landscapes.

Ability to apply current policies, guidelines, standards and technical information necessary when implementing preservation projects.

Basic knowledge of Federal cultural resource preservation legislation, policies, guidelines, standards and procedures, particularly the Secretary of the Interior's Standards and Guidelines, and NPS-28.

Knowledge of compliance laws, regulations, and procedures.

Ability to assist with conducting compliance procedures.


Conducts inventory and condition assessments of biotic and structural cultural landscape features and resources.

Knowledge of current inventory and condition assessment methodologies and techniques. Basic ability to select and use appropriate analytical equipment, devices and procedures to determine deficiencies in condition.

Ability to conduct research and inventory, analyze data and prepare reports.

Ability to identify, recommend, and implement appropriate corrective/preservation actions for standard/routine condition deficiencies.

Treatment and Preservation Maintenance

Implements treatment, conservation and maintenance of biotic and structural character defining features.

Skill to determine contemporary and period design, materials and maintenance practices as they effect the integrity of historic resources. Ability to protect and preserve historic fabric and resources to minimize damage, deterioration and/or alteration.

Ability to appropriately select, use and maintain supplies, materials, tools, and equipment related to the maintenance and conservation of historic landscape features.

Ability to apply policies, standards, and guidelines in prescribing treatment and preservation maintenance of historic properties, particularly their application historic biotic and structural features of cultural landscapes.

Basic knowledge of aspects of horticulture and landscape construction procedures.

Ability to carry out treatment and maintenance recommendations in a manner which protects both cultural and natural resource values.

Ability to carry out the implementation of treatment and maintenance recommendations.

Ability to work effectively with all park operations responsible for cultural landscape management.

Ability to accomplish field inspections, prepare reports, plans, specifications, and cost estimates to support preservation maintenance.

Ability to properly use and maintain personal protective equipment.

Ability to recognize materials safety, environmental or other workplace hazards and respond appropriately.

Writing and Communication

Communicates, Interprets, and Presents Cultural Landscape Issues.

Ability to work accurately from blueprints, sketches, shop lists, and written and oral instructions to procure supplies, materials and equipment for project work.

Ability to accurately and completely document project work through photography and written narratives.

Ability to assist in the preparation of articles, presentation of programs, and development of other interpretive projects on horticultural and landscape preservation topics.

Skill in articulating landscape management issues verbally, graphically and in writing.

Ability to assist in the presentation of papers for professional conferences and journals.


Assists in Training.

Demonstrated knowledge and skill of landscape preservation techniques and procedures, ability to effectively share abilities with others.

Basic knowledge of current policies, guidelines, standards and technical information.

Ability to assist in the coordination and conduct of training programs.

National Park Service
Training and Development Division
Essential Competencies

Previous Page TOC Next Page