Lesson Plan

Slaves as Property

Enslaved children hauling water.

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Grade Level:
Third Grade-Fifth Grade
African American History and Culture, History, Slavery
15 Minutes
Group Size:
Up to 36
National/State Standards:
SS.A.1.2.3, SS.A.6.2.4, SS.C.2.2.2


Students will read a "Reward Flyer" advertising the escape of a Florida slave. This will spark learning about slavery, property, and the Underground Railroad. 


Students will gain an understanding of what it means to be human property and identify the reasons a slave would run away.


This lesson requires the following worksheet including the "Reward Notice" from the 1800's.



Answer Key

1. the owner, in this case Henry W. Maxey
2. by name or physical description
3. Yes. Slaves had to run far away so they wouldn't be recognized and had to do so quickly since the owner was going to be looking for him or sending people to search for him or her (this might be a good link to discuss the Underground Railroad)
4. property status means that the slave:
- was not paid- could not make decisions for his/her family
- families were sold apart- could not choose where to live
- had no choice for his/her occupation- did not have a chance for an education
- did not choose to be at the plantation
- the above applied to the enslaved person's entire life, starting before the age of your students.

Park Connections

 This lesson may be used before or after a class trip to Kingsley Plantation.  To schedule your field trip please call 904.251.3537.


slave, primary source