Lesson Plan

Build Your Own Fort

Fort Caroline
A depiction of Fort Caroline.

Theodore de Bry engraving

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Grade Level:
Third Grade-Eighth Grade
Architecture, Architecture (Building Styles and Methods), Art, Colonial History, Geography, History, Military and Wartime History
30 Minutes
Group Size:
Up to 36
National/State Standards:
VA.A.1.2, VA.B.1.2, SS.A.4.2.1


Students will create their own fort and identify its parts using historic forts from across Northeast Florida as models.


Students will draw their own fort and identify its parts using historic forts such as Fort Caroline, the Castillo de San Marcos, and Fort Matanzas as examples. This activity may allow students to make connections between other sites they have visited and make comparisons between the building materials used and geographic location.


The worksheet provided has pictures of three forts: Fort de la Caroline, the Castillo de San Marcos, and Fort Matanzas. Explain that the Castillo de San Marcos is located in St. Augustine and was built by the Spanish more than a hundred years after Fort Caroline; that Fort Matanzas is south of St. Augustine and was a Spanish outpost for the Matanzas Inlet, where long before its construction many of the French soldiers and settlers from Fort Caroline lost their lives.


This activity requires writing utensils, paper, and the worksheet below.



This activity does not have a right or wrong answer. Justifying their choices for the most important aspects of a fort allows them to use role-playing and their imaginations. They may even come up with important parts of the fort or settlement on their own!


palisade, cistern, aqueduct

Last updated: August 14, 2017