Field Trips

Simple Machines

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Grade Level:
Upper Elementary: Third Grade through Fifth Grade
Subject:
Science,Social Studies
State Standards:
Technology/Engineering, Grades 3–5
1. Materials and Tools
Central Concept: Appropriate materials, tools, and machines extend our ability to solve problems and invent.
1.3  Identify simple vs. complex machines

Background

Program Summary:
Students learn or review the six simple machines. They are then presented with modern day tools and tasked with identifying two or more simple machines in each tool, writing their findings on a sheet, and presenting them to the class. Students then explore the museum looking for simple machines both in the artifacts from the 1600s, and in the museum building itself. 

Essential Questions:
What are some examples of Simple Machines? of Complex/Compund Machines?
What does the machinery at the Saugus Iron Works reveal about the technology required to make iron in the 17 th century?
In what ways are simple machines found at the iron works from across time and cultures both the same and different?

Program Length: 45 minutes - 1 hour

Target Audience: 3rd - 5th grade

Massachusetts State Standards - Curriculum Connections:
Technology/Engineering, Grades 3–5
1. Materials and Tools
Central Concept: Appropriate materials, tools, and machines extend our ability to solve problems and invent.
1.3 Identify and explain the difference between simple and complex machines, e.g., hand can opener that includes multiple gears, wheel, wedge, gear, and lever.

Materials

A photo of a hammer removing a nail that students can use to identify the simple machines at work

Download Hammer Photo

Last updated: September 5, 2017