Eisenhower: Causes of Conflict
- Grade Level:
- High School: Ninth Grade through Twelfth Grade
- Social Studies
- State Standards:
- PA Education Standards:
Civics and Govt. 5.3.9, 5.3.12, 5.4.9, 5.4.12
Reading, Writing, Speaking... 1.6.8 D, 1.6.11 D
History 8.3.9 D, 8.3.12 D
Ask students to read "Making War," either for homework or in class. Say, "Many of the conflicts described by former President Carter were ones in which Dwight Eisenhower played a major role." Lead students in a discussion of the key ideas presented in "Making War."
What is the reason that conflict occurs?
Conflict occurs when interests differ.
What are some ways of resolving conflicts?
Resorting to violence (waging war)
Negotiating or mediating to reach a compromise
Engaging in nonviolent civil disobedience to point out the absence of agreement
Do you think war is ever justified? What makes a war a "just" war?
Students will offer various answers
How has war changed in the 20th century?
The danger to civilian populations increased dramatically
Modern weapons have increased the number of casualties
What led to the development of the cold war?
The globe was nearly evenly split between the influence of two powers. There was always relative equality between the two countries - both militarily and economically. At no point did either side feel confident in its ability to win a war against the other.
Ask students to think about the wars that are going on in the world now. Ask them to talk about the nature of those wars. (Many are civil wars.)
Divide students into small groups. Give each group one or more old newspapers or news magazines. Ask students to cut out stories and photographs that represent different types of conflict identified in the reading. Ask students to report back on their findings to the class.
Excerpt of text by President Carter