Lesson Plan

Las flotas españolas de 1715 y 1733: Desastres en el mar - A Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plan

Situación del pecio del San Pedro
Oficina de Investigaciones Arqueológicas y la Universidad de Indiana

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Grade Level:
Fifth Grade-Twelfth Grade
Subject:
Archaeology, Hispanic or Latino American History and Culture, History, Maritime History
Duration:
Variable. Adaptable to teacher and student needs.
Group Size:
Up to 36
Setting:
indoors or outdoors
National/State Standards:
Relevant U.S. History Standards for Grades 5-12: Era 1 - Three Worlds Meet (Beginnings to 1620) Standards 1B, 2A and 2B; Era 2 - Colonization and Settlement (1585-1763) Standards 1B and 3A
Keywords:
lesson plan, Teaching with Historic Places, Spanish shipwrecks, Florida history, Spanish Colonization, maritime history, Florida Keys, trans-Atlantic trade, Spanish treasure fleet, Spanish convoy system, Urca de Lima, san pedro, Florida Underwater Archaeological Preserve

Overview

Esta lección se basa en los archivos del Registro Nacional de Lugares Históricos (Nacional Register of Historic Places) “Urca de Lima” y “San Pedro,” y en otros materiales sobre las flotas españolas de la época.

Objective(s)

  1. Explicar cómo España forjó un imperio en el Nuevo Mundo basado en rutas de comercio hacia las Américas.  
  2. Describir el sistema de convoyes que España utilizó en el transcurso de tres siglos para recopilar tesoros y productos originarios del Nuevo Mundo. 
  3. Describir los naufragios del 1715 y 1733 de las flotas españolas y analizar cómo estos desastres afectaron a España. 
  4. Discutir la importancia de proteger los emplazamientos de los pecios de la Urca de Lima y del San Pedro. 
  5. Investigar emplazamientos históricos en sus propias comunidades y comparar su conservación con aquéllos submarinos. 


Background

Information on how to use a Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plan can be found here



Materials

  1. Dos mapas que muestran las rutas que seguían las flotas y los lugares de los naufragios de 1715 y 1733. 
  2. Cuatro lecturas sobre la historia de la flota española y los naufragios de 1715 y 1733. 
  3. Dos supuestas pinturas de la Urca de Lima y del San Pedro. 
  4. Dos diagramas de los sitios de los naufragios. 
  5. Dos fotos actuales de los sitios los naufragios.


Procedure

Las flotas españolas de 1715 y 1733: Desastres en el mar

Each Teaching with Historic Places lesson plan contains the following teaching activities: Getting Started (inquiry question), Setting the Stage (historical background), Locating the Site (maps), Determining the Facts (readings, documents, charts), Visual Evidence (photographs and other graphic documents), and Putting It All Together (activities). See Parts 2-7 for information about how to use these resources.

Click here to go directly to the lesson plan.

Getting Started

Begin this lesson by asking students to discuss possible answers to the inquiry question that accompanies the "Getting Started" image. Provide them with paper print-outs of the image and question, or direct them to the lesson plan website. To facilitate a whole class discussion, you may want to print or scan the image to make an overhead transparency or digital slide. The purpose of this exercise is to engage students' interest in the lesson's topic by raising questions that can be answered as they complete the lesson.

Rather than serving merely as an illustration for the text, the image is a document that plays an integral role in helping students achieve the lesson's objective. To assist students in learning how to "read" visual materials you may want to begin this section by having them complete the Photo Analysis Worksheet for one or more of the photos. The worksheet is appropriate for analyzing both historical and recent photographs and will help students develop a valuable skill.

Getting Started section for this lesson

Setting the Stage

This section is intended to be used, if necessary, as background material. Read this material aloud to students or summarize it, or provide them with paper print-outs, or direct them to the lesson plan website. If students have computers, you can direct them to the page on the website.

Setting the Stage section for this lesson

Locating the Site

Provide students with the maps and questions included in Locating the Site. You can give them paper print-outs or direct them to the lesson plan website. Have students work individually or in small groups to complete the questions. At least one map familiarizes the students with the historic site's location within the country, state or region. Extended captions may be included to provide students with information necessary to answer the questions.

Locating the Site section in this lesson

Determining the Facts

Provide students with copies of the readings, documents and/or charts included in this section or direct them to the lesson plan website. Allow students to work individually or in small groups. The series of questions that accompanies each of these readings is designed to ensure that students have gathered the appropriate facts from the material.

Determining the Facts section for this lesson

Visual Evidence: Images

Distribute the lesson's visual materials among students. Provide them with paper print-outs, or direct them to the lesson plan website. Have the students examine the photographs and answer the related questions. Note that two or more images may be studied together in order to complete the questions. Extended captions may be included to provide students with important information.

Rather than serving merely as illustrations for the text, the images are documents that play an integral role in helping students achieve the lesson's objectives. To assist students in learning how to "read" visual materials, you may want to begin this section by having them complete the Photo Analysis Worksheet for one or more of the photos.

Visual Evidence: Images section for this lesson

Putting It All Together

After students have completed the questions that accompany the maps, readings and visuals, they should be directed to complete one or more of the activities presented below. These activities engage students in a variety of creative exercises that help them synthesize the information they have learned and formulate conclusions. At least one activity leads students to look for places in their community that relate to the topic of the lesson. In this way students learn to make connections between their community and the broader themes of American history they encounter in their studies.

Putting It All Together section for this lesson

Assessment

Assessment is built into the lesson plan in the form of questions for all documents, including maps and images, and in the student products completed for step 7, Putting it All Together.

Additional Resources

Students and educators who want to know more can find sources of information (with links) here: Supplementary Resources.