Lesson Plan

The United States Air Force Academy: Founding a Proud Tradition - A Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plan

Cadet Chapel
USAFA

Overall Rating

Add your review
Grade Level:
Fifth Grade-Twelfth Grade
Subject:
Aviation, Cold War, History, Military and Wartime History, World War I, World War II
Duration:
Variable. Adaptable to teacher and student needs.
Group Size:
Up to 36
Setting:
indoors or outdoors
National/State Standards:
Relevant U.S. History Standards for Grades 5-12: Era 7 - The Emergence of Modern America (1890-1930) Standard 2B; Era 8 - The Great Depression and WWII (1929-1945) Standards 3B and 3C; Era 9 - Post War U.S. (1945 to early 1970s) Standards 1A, 1C and 2A
Keywords:
lesson plan, Teaching with Historic Places, United States Air Force, United States Air Force Academy, Colorado Springs, Colorado, 20th-century military history, Cold War, aviation history, modern architecture, Skidmore, Owings and Merrill, the New Look policy, world war I, World War II

Overview

Using the United States Air Force Academy in Colorado, this lesson plan analyzes how and why the role of military air power expanded from World War I to the Cold War. Students will use historic maps, readings, illustrations, drawings and photographs in order to evaluate the effects of the World Wars and the Cold War on the national defense policies, identify the major reasons why the Air Force Academy was established, and how the buildings represent the architecture of the time.

Objective(s)

  1. To describe how and why the role of military air power expanded from World War I to the Cold War. 
  2. To evaluate how the Cold War influenced national defense policies in the late 1940s and early 1950s.  
  3. To identify the major reasons why the United States Air Force Academy was established. 
  4. To describe the architectural style and layout of the Air Force Academy and analyze how it symbolizes both the time period and the mission of the Academy. 
  5. To research the impact of the Cold War in their own community. 


Background

Information on how to use a Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plan can be found here

Historical context for the lesson plan topic can be found in the lesson's Setting the Stage section. 


Materials

  1. Two maps showing Colorado Springs and the Air Force Academy; 
  2. Three readings on the Air Force, the early Cold War era, and the establishment of the Air Force Academy; 
  3. One illustration of a 1954 Colorado Springs Committee brochure; 
  4. One drawing of the Air Force Academy site plan; 
  5. Six photographs of the Air Force Academy. 


Procedure

The United States Air Force Academy: Founding a Proud Tradition

Each Teaching with Historic Places lesson plan contains the following teaching activities: Getting Started (inquiry question), Setting the Stage (historical background), Locating the Site (maps), Determining the Facts (readings, documents, charts), Visual Evidence (photographs and other graphic documents), and Putting It All Together (activities). See Parts 2-7 for information about how to use these resources.

Click here to go directly to the lesson plan.

Getting Started

Begin this lesson by asking students to discuss possible answers to the inquiry question that accompanies the "Getting Started" image. Provide them with paper print-outs of the image and question, or direct them to the lesson plan website. To facilitate a whole class discussion, you may want to print or scan the image to make an overhead transparency or digital slide. The purpose of this exercise is to engage students' interest in the lesson's topic by raising questions that can be answered as they complete the lesson.

Rather than serving merely as an illustration for the text, the image is a document that plays an integral role in helping students achieve the lesson's objective. To assist students in learning how to "read" visual materials you may want to begin this section by having them complete the Photo Analysis Worksheet for one or more of the photos. The worksheet is appropriate for analyzing both historical and recent photographs and will help students develop a valuable skill.

Getting Started section for this lesson

Setting the Stage

This section is intended to be used, if necessary, as background material. Read this material aloud to students or summarize it, or provide them with paper print-outs, or direct them to the lesson plan website. If students have computers, you can direct them to the page on the website.

Setting the Stage section for this lesson

Locating the Site

Provide students with the maps and questions included in Locating the Site. You can give them paper print-outs or direct them to the lesson plan website. Have students work individually or in small groups to complete the questions. At least one map familiarizes the students with the historic site's location within the country, state or region. Extended captions may be included to provide students with information necessary to answer the questions.

Locating the Site section in this lesson

Determining the Facts

Provide students with copies of the readings, documents and/or charts included in this section or direct them to the lesson plan website. Allow students to work individually or in small groups. The series of questions that accompanies each of these readings is designed to ensure that students have gathered the appropriate facts from the material.

Determining the Facts section for this lesson

Visual Evidence: Images

Distribute the lesson's visual materials among students. Provide them with paper print-outs, or direct them to the lesson plan website. Have the students examine the photographs and answer the related questions. Note that two or more images may be studied together in order to complete the questions. Extended captions may be included to provide students with important information.

Rather than serving merely as illustrations for the text, the images are documents that play an integral role in helping students achieve the lesson's objectives. To assist students in learning how to "read" visual materials, you may want to begin this section by having them complete the Photo Analysis Worksheet for one or more of the photos.

Visual Evidence: Images section for this lesson

Putting It All Together

After students have completed the questions that accompany the maps, readings and visuals, they should be directed to complete one or more of the activities presented below. These activities engage students in a variety of creative exercises that help them synthesize the information they have learned and formulate conclusions. At least one activity leads students to look for places in their community that relate to the topic of the lesson. In this way students learn to make connections between their community and the broader themes of American history they encounter in their studies.

Putting It All Together section for this lesson

Assessment

Assessment is built into the lesson plan in the form of questions for all documents, including maps and images, and in the student products completed for step 7, Putting it All Together.



Additional Resources

Students and educators who want to know more can find sources of information (with links) here: Supplementary Resources.