Alternative Transportation

Alternative transportation is all modes of travel other than the private motor vehicle.

Alternative transportation systems connect communities to parks, help manage congestion and ease parking shortages for areas at or nearing capacity. Alternative transportation can also contribute to improving air quality, soundscapes and reduce wildlife/auto collisions. The National Park Service (NPS) aims to be a leader in using alternative transportation to reduce fossil fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions.

In addition to alternative transportation, the NPS is exploring how technology can enhance all forms of transportation in parks. Over the past decade, the NPS has increasingly explored the use of intelligent transportation systems (ITS) to address access, congestion, and environmental problems which risk tarnishing the visitor experience and damaging environmental resources.
Cover of 2017 NPS National Transit Inventory and Performance Report

National Park Service National Transit Inventory and Performance Report


Annually, the NPS conducts a transit inventory and measure performance to:
  1. Identify NPS transit systems nationwide;
  2. Track the operational performance of each system; and
  3. Inventory NPS and non-NPS owned transit vehicles and collect detailed vehicle information.
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    Last updated: October 29, 2018

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