Lesson Plan Index: Primary Sources

Teaching with Historic Places has developed more than 160 classroom-ready lesson plans that together range across American history. All are available on the Web. For more information on lessons plans or our program, contact TwHP. You can also view the entire collection according to location, topic, primary source, skill, U.S. History Standards, and Social Studies Standards.


 
 

Books

First Lady of the World: Eleanor Roosevelt at Val-Kill (26)
Reading 1: Eleanor Roosevelt at Val-Kill-This page contains excerpts from Eleanor Roosevelt's autobiography.
Reading 2: Goodwill Ambassador to the World-This page contains an excerpt from Eleanor Roosevelt's autobiography.
Glen Echo Park: Center for Education and Recreation (24)
Homepage: This page contains an excerpt from Edwin Baltzley's, Glen Echo on the Potomac: Washington Rhine, describing the view from Glen Echo in 1891.
“The Greatest Dam in the World”: Building Hoover Dam (140)
Reading 2: A Short Course on Dam Building-This page contains excerpts from an illustrated cartoon guide published in New York in 1938 for visitors to Hoover Dam, known then as Boulder Dam.

"Journey from Slavery to Statesman": The Homes of Frederick Douglass (147)
Reading 1: Who is Frederick Douglass?- This page contains excerpts from Frederick Douglass’s autobiography Life and Times of Frederick Douglass.
Reading 2: Life at Wye House Plantation- This page contains excerpts from Frederick Douglass’s autobiography Life and Times of Frederick Douglass.
Reading 3: New Life in New Bedford-This page contains excerpts from Frederick Douglass’ Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass.

Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial: Where Man and Memory Intersect (144)
Reading 1: Honoring Lincoln in Death-This page contains a quote from poet Henry Howard Brownell’s book Abraham Lincoln, War, Lyrics and Other Poems (1866).

Ulysses S. Grant and Julia Dent Grant at White Haven Farm: The Missouri Compromise in American Life (154)
Reading 3: Multiple Perspectives of Slavery at White Haven-This page contains excerpts from Julia Dent Grant's memiors.
Reading 3: Multiple Perspectives of Slavery at White Haven-This page contains excerpts from Jesse Grant's book: In the Days of My Father: General Grant..

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Business Related

Back Stairs at Brucemore: Life as Servants in early 20th-Century America (105)
Document 2A: Douglas account book pages--March 1924.
Document 2B: Douglas account book pages--August.
Bryce Canyon National Park: Hoodoos Cast Their Spell (64)
Document 1: Union Pacific Advertisement, 1924.
Camp Misty Mount: A Place for Regrowth (47)
Document 1: Job Application and Completion Record.
Chicago's Black Metropolis: Understanding History through a Historic Place (53)
Photo 2: Monarch Tailors Advertisement, 1929.
Life on an Island: Early Settlers Off the Rock-Bound Coast of Maine (16)
Document 1: Samuel Hadlock VI's Ledger, 1809-1812.
Paterson, New Jersey: America's Silk City (102)
Reading 1: Working "In the Silk"-This page contains an excerpt from a testimony submitted to a Congressional Committee about the value of hand work of individual workers.
Two American Entrepreneurs: Madam C.J. Walker and J.C. Penney
Document 1: Advertisement for Madam Walker's Beauty Preparations, 1930s.
Document 2: Advertisement for the Golden Rule Store, 1908.

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Charts, Graphs, Tables

Digging into the Colonial Past: Archeology and the 16th-Century Spanish Settlements at Charlesfort-Santa Elena (155)
Document 1: Archeological Artifacts-This reading includes a list of archeological artifacts found at Santa Elena.
Gold Fever! Seattle Outfits the Klondike Gold Rush (55)
Reading 2: Selling Seattle-This page is a compilation of statistics from the Bureau of Information to answer questions about outfitting, transportation, and accommodations in Seattle
Growing into Public Service: William Howard Taft's Boyhood Home (15)
Document 1: The Taft Household from 1860-1880.
Guilford Courthouse: A Pivotal Battle in the War for Independence (32)
Reading 2: The Generals' Report on the Battle-This page contains reports from several generals about the casualties, wounded, and missing from the battle.
The Penniman House: A Whaling Story (112)
Reading 3: Cultural Connections-This page contains a sampling from Captain Penniman's crew list onboard the Bark Europa, Whaling, September 11,1876 (as written by Captain Penniman).
Saugus Iron Works: Life and Work at an Early American Industrial Site (30)
Chart 1: Materials and techniques for making iron.
Waterford, Virginia: From Mill Town to National Historic Landmark (88)
Reading 3: Waterford's Mill Ledger.

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Facsimile

Adeline Hornbek and the Homestead Act: A Colorado Success Story (67)
Reading 3: Homestead Proof.--Testimony of Claimant (includes partial transcript).
America's Space Program: Exploring a New Frontier (101)
Photo 4: Front page of The [Washington] Evening Star, July 21, 1969.
An American Success Story: The Pope House of Raleigh, NC (124)
Document 1: Dr. Pope's Voter Registration Card, 1902.
Back Stairs at Brucemore: Life as Servants in early 20th-Century America (105)
Document 1A: April 21 & 22, 1910-1914-This is a scan of Ella McDannel's diary.
Document 1B: October 22 & 23, 1910-1914-Another scan of Ella McDannel's diary.
Document 2A: Douglas account book pages--March 1924.
Document 2B: Douglas account book pages--August.
Illustration 1: Uniform for maids.
Birthplace of John F. Kennedy: Home of the Boy Who Would Be President (33)
Document 1: JFK's Health Card.
Bryce Canyon National Park: Hoodoos Cast Their Spell (64)
Document 1: Union Pacific Advertisement, 1924.
Camp Misty Mount: A Place for Regrowth (47)
Document 1: Job Application and Completion Record.
Carnegie Libraries: The Future Made Bright (50)
Illustration 1: Harper's Weekly, March 30, 1901.
Chatham Plantation: Witness to the Civil War (45)
Document 1: Advertisement for Chatham in Fredericksburg News, October 20, 1857.
Chicago's Black Metropolis: Understanding History through a Historic Place (53)
Photo 2: Monarch Tailors Advertisement, 1929.
Gold Fever! Seattle Outfits the Klondike Gold Rush (55)
Document 1: "Special Klondike Edition," The Seattle Post-Intelligencer, October 13, 1897.
Herbert Hoover: Iowa Farm Boy and World Humanitarian (34)
Document 1: Cedar County Clerk Records.
"The Honor of Your Company is Requested": Lincoln's Second Inaugural Ball at the Patent Office (143)
Document 1: "The Honor of Your Company is Requested"-This page contains an invitation to Clara Barton to attend Lincoln’s second inaugural ball.
Document 2: Admit One Gentleman and Two Ladies-This page contains a printed ticket to Lincoln’s Inauguration Ball on Monday evening, March 6, 1865.
Activity 1: Learning a Period Dance-This page contains a dance card from President Lincoln's second inaugural ball.
Independence Hall: International Symbol of Freedom (132)
Document 1: The Declaration of Independence.
Document 2: The United States Constitution.
Iron Hill School: An African-American One-Room School (58)
Document 1: School Furniture Advertisement.
"Journey from Slavery to Statesman": The Homes of Frederick Douglass (147)
Illustration 1: Frederick Douglass Running Away.
The Lewis and Clark Expedition: Documenting the Uncharted Northwest (108)
Drawing 1: Shoshone smoking pipe.
Drawing 2: Fern leaf.
Life on an Island: Early Settlers Off the Rock-Bound Coast of Maine (16)
Document 1: Samuel Hadlock VI's Ledger, 1809-1812.
Document 2: Edwin Hadlock's Journal.
Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial: Forging Greatness during Lincoln's Youth (126)
Illustrations 1 and 2: Lincoln's sum book pages.
Mechanics Hall: Symbol of Pride and Industry (87)
Illustration 1: Advertisement for Women's Suffrage Movement lecture, December 7, 1867.
Illustration 2: Advertisement of Gottschalk concert, June 3, 1862.
Mount Auburn Cemetery: A New American Landscape (84)
Drawing 6: Mount Auburn guide book, 1856.
A Nation Repays Its Debt: The National Soldiers' Home and Cemetery in Dayton, Ohio (115)
Illustrations 1a&1b: Letter from the Secretary of War regarding permanent grave markers.
Navesink Lighthouse and Robbins Reef Lighthouse: Lighting the Way through New York Bay (131)Illustration 1: Entry for Robbins Reef in Light List of 1883.
Illustration 2: Entry for Robbins Reef in Light List of 1901.
New Philadelphia: A Multiracial Town on the Illinois Frontier (130)
Document 1: Selection from 1850 Population Census Schedule for Hadley Township, Pike County, Illinois.
"The Rocket's Red Glare": Francis Scott Key and the Bombardment of Fort McHenry (137)
Reading 3: "Defence of Fort McHenry"-This is a broadside of "The Rocket's Red Glare."
The Selma to Montgomery Voting Rights March: Shaking the Conscience of the Nation (133)
Reading 1: Alabama Literacy Test-This page contains an example of literacy test given to African Americans in voter education classes in the 1960s.
Thaw in the Cold War: Eisenhower and Khrushchev at Gettysburg (29)
Document 1: State Department Memorandum for the President.
Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural Site: Birthplace of the Modern Presidency (77)
Document 1: The Illustrated Buffalo Express, September 15, 1901.
Two American Entrepreneurs: Madam C.J. Walker and J.C. Penney
Document 1: Advertisement for Madam Walker's Beauty Preparations, 1930s.
Document 2: Advertisement for the Golden Rule Store, 1908.
The War Relocation Centers of World War II: When Fear Was Stronger than Justice (89)
Document 1: "To All Persons of Japanese Ancestry"-A notice from the Western Defense Command and Fourth Army Wartime Civil Control Administration about moving, May 3, 1942.
The Washington Monument: Tribute in Stone (62)
Document 1: Samuel Blodgett's Broadside, 1801.
Weir Farm: Home of an American Impressionist (22)
Table 1: Danbury Norwalk Train Schedule, 1884.
Woodrow Wilson: Prophet of Peace (14)
Illustration 1: Origin of the League of Nations.
Illustration 2: The Covenant.

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Government Reports/Legislation

Adeline Hornbek and the Homestead Act: A Colorado Success Story (67)
Reading 3: Homestead Proof.--Testimony of Claimant (includes partial transcript).
The Battle of Honey Springs: The Civil War Comes to the Indian Territory (68)
Reading 1: A View from Indian Territory-This page contains correspondence between the governor of Arkansas and the chief of the Cherokee Nation.
Reading 3: The Battle of Honey Springs-This contains the reports of two generals about the battle.
Brown v. Board of Education: Five Communities That Changed America (121)
Reading 3: The Supreme Court's Opinion in Brown v. Board of Education.
Camp Misty Mount: A Place for Regrowth (47)
Reading 1: The Changing Uses of the Catoctin Mountain Forests- This contains an excerpt from A Study of the Park and Recreation Problem of the United States conducted by the National Park Service in 1941 about people not spending enough time in the natural environment.
Chattanooga, Tennessee: Train Town (52)
Reading 2: Promoting Chattanooga-This page contains excerpts from a guide published by the city government in 1896.
First Lady of the World: Eleanor Roosevelt at Val-Kill (26)
Document 1: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Fort Hancock: A Bastion of America's Eastern Seaboard (37)
Reading 2: A Reaction to the Endicott Board Recommendations-This page contains the responses of Congressmen from Alabama and Ohio.
Fort Pickens and the Outbreak of the Civil War (38)
Reading 3: Key People and Critical Decisions-This page contains comments from Senate Executive Document 85, 28th Cong., 2d. sess., 9 and War of the Rebellion: Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies.
Growing into Public Service: William Howard Taft's Boyhood Home (15)
Document 1: The Taft Household from 1860-1880.
Herbert Hoover: Iowa Farm Boy and World Humanitarian (34)
Illustration 1: World War I Posters.
"The Honor of Your Company is Requested": Lincoln's Second Inaugural Ball at the Patent Office (143)
Reading 2: Temple of Invention-This page contains an excerpt from a letter Patent Commissioner Henry Ellsworth wrote to Senator John Ruggles on December 18, 1840.
Independence Hall: International Symbol of Freedom (132)
Document 1: The Declaration of Independence.
Document 2: The United States Constitution.
Iolani Palace: A Hawaiian Place of History, Power, and Prestige (161)
Reading 4: Letter from Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii to President William McKinley of the United States, June 17, 1897.
Johnson Lake Mine: Mining for Tungsten in Nevada's Snake Range (110)
Reading 2: Laws of White Pine Mining District, October 10, 1865-This page contains original laws governing the White Pine Mining District.
Lafayette Park: First Amendment Rights on the President's Doorstep (139)
Reading 1: The National Woman's Party and Lafayette Park-This reading begins with the First Amendment of the Constitution.
Liberty Ships and Victory Ships, America's Lifeline in War (116)
Setting the Stage-There is an excerpt from the Merchant Marine Act of 1936.
Little Kinnakeet Lifesaving Station: Home to Unsung Heroes (57)
Reading 2: Instructions to Mariners in Case of Shipwreck, 1894.
"Making the Desert Bloom": The Rio Grande Project (141)
Reading 2: The Early Years of Reclamation-This contains an excerpt from the Twenty-third Annual Report of the Bureau of Reclamation from 1924.
Reading 3: The Rio Grande Project-This page contains quotations taken from Reclamation annual reports published between 1902 and 1932.
Minuteman Missile National Historic Site: Protecting a Legacy of the Cold War (128)
Homepage-This page contains an excerpt from Minuteman II Deactivation Program Manager, Tim Pavek's, testimony at the Hearings before the Subcommittee on National Parks and Public Lands House Committee on Resources, 106th Congress, September 14, 1999.
A Nation Repays Its Debt: The National Soldiers' Home and Cemetery in Dayton, Ohio (115)
Reading 3: Union Soldiers & Burial Practices-This page contains a series of readings on the evolution of burial practices for U.S. soldiers.
New Kent School and the George W. Watkins School: From Freedom of Choice to Integration (104)Reading 2: Excerpts fom the Supreme Court Decision Green v. Country School Board of New Kent County (1968).
New Philadelphia: A Multiracial Town on the Illinois Frontier (130)
Document 1: Selection from 1850 Population Census Schedule for Hadley Township, Pike County, Illinois.
Not to Be Forgotten: Camp Chase Confederate Cemetery (123)
Reading 2: Confederate POW Burials-This page contains excerpts from various documents regarding Confederate burials.
Paterson, New Jersey: America's Silk City (102)
Reading 1: Working "In the Silk"-This page contains an excerpt from a testimony submitted to a Congressional Committee about the value of hand work of individual workers.
President Lincoln's Cottage: A Retreat (138)
Reading 3: The Emancipation Proclamation-This page contains excerpts from the document, issued on January 1, 1863.
"The Rocket's Red Glare": Francis Scott Key and the Bombardment of Fort McHenry (137)
Reading 1: Armistead's Account of the Battle-This page contains Major George Armistead's report on the bombardment of the fort.
The Selma to Montgomery Voting Rights March: Shaking the Conscience of the Nation (133)
Setting the Stage-This page contains the 15th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.
Reading 1: Alabama Literacy Test-This page contains an example of literacy test given to African Americans in voter education classes in the 1960s.
Thaw in the Cold War: Eisenhower and Khrushchev at Gettysburg (29)
Document 1: State Department Memorandum for the President.
Tonto National Monument: Saving a National Treasure (125)
Document 1: Antiquities Act of 1906--AS AMENDED.
The War Relocation Centers of World War II: When Fear Was Stronger than Justice (89)
Reading 1: Fear!-This page contains an excerpt from Executive Order No. 9066.
Document 1: "To All Persons of Japanese Ancestry"-A notice from the Western Defense Command and Fourth Army Wartime Civil Control Administration about moving, May 3, 1942

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Images

A Field of Dreams: The Jackie Robinson Ballpark (162)
Alaska’s Site Summit: Cold War Defense and its Legacy in the North (153)
Photo 1: Moving the Hercules missiles into launch position.
Photo 2: Guarding the Nike-Hercules missiles.
Photo 3: Men inside a radar van.
Photo 4: Site Summit Missile Firing Spectators, circa 1960-1964.
Photo 5: Soldier Replacing Light Bulbs on the Christmas Star.
Allegheny Portage Railroad: Developing Transportation Technology (23)
Painting 1: A Sectional Canal Boat in the Hitching Shed, by George Storm, date unknown.
Painting 2: Inclined Plane No. 8, by George Storm, date unknown.
America's Space Program: Exploring a New Frontier (101)
Photo 1: Transporting the Apollo space vehicle to the launch site.
Photo 2: Saturn V lifting off, July 16, 1969.
Photo 3: Mission Control Center, Manned Spacecraft Center (now Johnson Space Center), July 1969.
Photo 4: Front page of The [Washington] Evening Star, July 21, 1969.
Photo 5: View of the Earth from Space.
An American Success Story: The Pope House of Raleigh, NC (124)
Photo 1: Shaw Medical School student body, including the first graduating class, 1886.
Photo 2: Members of the African-American Third N.C. Regiment at their engagement near Macon, Georgia, 1899.
Photo 3: Ruth and Evelyn Pope at the Pope House, c.1913.
Photo 4: Portrait of Delia Haywood Phillips Pope, c.1905.
Andersonville: Prisoner of War Camp (11)
Drawing 2: Andersonville Prison as it appeared in August 1864. Drawn by Thomas O'Dea, former prisoner.
Photo 1: Andersonville Prison (looking southeast from the sinks), 1864.
Photo 2: Andersonville Prison, 1864.
Arthurdale: A New Deal Community Experiment (157)
Photo 1: Miners' Housing in Scotts Run.
Photo 2: Arthurdale, 1937.
Photo 3: School children in Arthurdale, 1935.
Illustration 1: A New Deal Homestead Farm, ca. 1934.
Attu: North American Battleground of World War II (7)
Photo 1: Japanese snow trenches near the top of Fishhook Ridge and overlooking the pass from Holtz Bay to Chicagof Harbor, May 1943.
Photo 3: General Holtz Bay area and beach looking northwest from the top of the ridge separating the east and west arms, June 1943.
Photo 4: Seventh Infantry Division troops landing at Massacre Bay, Attu, May 1943.
Photo 5: American troops sending supplies to the front lines during the battle for Attu Island, May 1943.
Photo 6: Ridge between the East Arm of Holtz Bay and Chicagof Bay, Attu, May 31, 1943.
At a Crossroads: The King of Prussia Inn (119)
Photo 1: King of Prussia, ca.1910.
Back Stairs at Brucemore: Life as Servants in early 20th-Century America (105)
Photo 3: Henrietta, maid to Douglas family, c.1907.
The Battle of Bennington: An American Victory (107)
Illustration 1: Site of the Battle of Bennington.
The Battle of Bentonville: Caring for Casualties of the Civil War (69)
Photo 1: Amputation being performed in a hospital tent, Gettysburg, July 1863.
Photo 2: Field Hospital after the battle, Savage Station, VA, 1862.
The Battle of Bunker Hill: Now We Are at War (42)
Painting 1: Battle of Bunker Hill by Howard Pyle, 1898.
The Battle of Glorieta Pass: A Shattered Dream (91)
Photo 1: Pigeon's Ranch, 1880.
The Battle of Honey Springs: The Civil War Comes to the Indian Territory (68)
Drawing 1: The Battle of Honey Springs.
The Battle of Midway: Turning the Tide in the Pacific (90)
Photo 1: Midway Atoll, 1941.
Photo 2: Midway after the June 4, 1942 attack.
Photo 3: Bombing of U.S. carrier Yorktown, 1942.
Photo 4: Dive-bombers attacking a Japanese ship, 1942.
Photo 5: Bombers on Midway, December 1942.
The Battle of Mill Springs: The Civil War Divides a Border State (72)
Drawing 1: The Death of General Zollicoffer.
The Battle of Oriskany: "Blood Shed a Stream Running Down" (79)
Painting 1: Joseph Brant, 1786. Painted by Gilbert Stuart.
Painting 2: Sir John Johnson, 1770s. Artist unknown.
The Battle of Prairie Grove: Civilian Recollections of the Civil War (70)
Photo 2: Nancy Morton Staples in front of the Morton Home, c.1913.
Photo 3: View of the Morton Cellar in Prairie Grove, c.1913.
The Battle of Stones River: The Soldiers' Story (40)
Painting 1: A View of the chaos and destruction of the Battle of Stones River as painted by William Travis c. 1865.
Bethlehem, Pennsylvania: A Moravian Settlement in Colonial America (59)
Drawing 1: Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, 1766.
Birthplace of John F. Kennedy: Home of the Boy Who Would Be President (33)
Photo 2: John and Joseph Kennedy, Jr., c.1919.
Photo 3: John F. Kennedy (lower left) and family, 1921.
Photo 4: John F. Kennedy, c.1925.
Photo 5: (Left to Right) Robert, John, Eunice, Jean, Joseph, Sr., Rose, Patricia, Kathleen, Joseph, Jr., Rosemary, 1931.
Boston's Arnold Arboretum: A Place for Study and Recreation (56)
Drawing 1: Bird's-eye view of Arnold Arboretum, 1934.
Photo 1: Construction near main entrance on Meadow Road, c.1892.
Photo 2: Kalmia (Mountain Laurel) in bloom, Hemlock Hill, c.1900.
Brown v. Board of Education: Five Communities That Changed America (121)
Photo 1: Robert Russa Moton High School Farmville, Virginia.
Photo 2: Classroom in temporary building, Robert Russa Moton High School.
Photo 3: Auditorium at Farmville High School, Farmville, VA.
Photo 4: Auditorium at Robert Russa Moton High School, Farmville, VA.
Photo 5: Protesting school segregation, St. Louis, Missouri.
Photo 6: Mrs. Nettie Hunt and daughter on the steps of the Supreme Court, Washington, D.C., Nov., 1954.
Bryce Canyon National Park: Hoodoos Cast Their Spell (64)
Photo 3: The Bryces' log cabin, ca.1920s.
Photo 4: Tour group at Bryce Canyon Lodge, ca.1930.
Photo 5: Tour group at Bryce Canyon Lodge.
Photo 6: Tourists in the lobby of Bryce Canyon Lodge, 1930s.
Building America's Industrial Revolution: The Boott Cotton Mills of Lowell, MA (21)
Photo1: Boott Cotton Mills, March 1928.
The Building of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal (10)
Photo 1: The Four Locks Community.
Photo 2: The Round Top Cement Company.
Photo 3: Boatyard at Cumberland, Maryland.
Photo 4: Daily life on the canal.
Californio to American: A Study in Cultural Change (8)
Photo 1: Aerial view of Rancho Los Alamitos, 1936.
Camp Misty Mount: A Place for Regrowth (47)
Photo 1: Children from the Baltimore League for Crippled Children gather outside a cabin in 1937.
Photo 2: One of the cabins at Camp Misty Mount.
Photo 3: View of the forest in the 1930s.
The Carlisle Indian Industrial School: Assimilation with Education after the Indian Wars (163)
Carnegie Libraries: The Future Made Bright (50)
Illustration 1: Harper's Weekly, March 30, 1901.
Castolon: A Meeting Place of Two Cultures (17)
Photo 1: La Harmonia Store, 1961.
Photo 4: La Harmonia Store, garage, shop, and water tower, 1955.
Chatham Plantation: Witness to the Civil War (45)
Photo 1: Chatham, c.1862.
Chattanooga, Tennessee: Train Town (52)
Photo 1: Chattanooga Terminal Station, 1935.
Chesterwood: The Workshop of an American Sculptor (100)
Photo 4: Sculpture on railroad track, 1905.
Photo 6: Abraham Lincoln being installed at the Lincoln Memorial, 1922.
Chicago's Black Metropolis: Understanding History through a Historic Place (53)
Drawing 1: The Engine of Progress.
Photo 1: State Street, 1925.
Photo 3: Overton Hygenic Building, 1927.
Drawing 2: The Chicago Bee Building.
Chicago's Columbus Park: The Prairie Idealized (81)
Photo 2: Natural Stone outcropping, c. 1910.
Photo 3: Natural prairie river, c. 1911.
Photo 4: Excavation of the Lagoon, 1916.
Photo 5: The Lagoon with boaters, c. 1920.
Photo 6: The Council Ring with children, 1920s.
Photo 7: The swimming hole with children, c. 1935.
Choices and Commitments: The Soldiers at Gettysburg (44)
Photo 1a: Union Dead near Peach Orchard.
Photo 1b: Aftermath of the Battle of Gettysburg, Trostle House.
Clara Barton's House: Home of the American Red Cross (27)
Photo 1: No.2 Red Cross Hotel, Johnstown, Pennsylvania, 1889.
Photo 2: Clara Barton's Home in Glen Echo, Maryland, 1897.
Coffeyville, Kansas: The Town That Stopped the Dalton Gang (99)
Photo 1: C.M. Condon and Company Bank, Coffeyville, Kansas, 1892.
Photo 2: The front of the Condon Bank after the attempted robbery.
Photo 3: "Death Alley," Coffeyville, Kansas.
Photo 4: Bodies of the Dalton Gang after the shootout.
"Comfortable Camps?" Archeology of the Confederate Guard Camp at the Florence Stockade (142)
Image: Drawing 2: The Florence Stockade. (Drawing from Life and Death in Rebel Prisons (1868) by Robert H. Kellogg. Kellogg was held as a prisoner of war at the Florence Stockade.)
Image: Drawing 3: In a hole. (This drawing is part of a series commissioned by Ezra Ripple for his book about his time as a prisoner of war at Florence from 1864 to 1865.)
Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park: Where the Wright Brothers Conquered the Air (111)
Photo 3: Interior of the Wright Cycle Company building, Wilbur at work in 1897.
Decatur House: A Home of the Rich and Powerful (19)
Drawing 1: Benjamin Latrobe's 1816 drawing of President's Park.
Drawing 2: 1822 Watercolor of Decatur House by E. Vaile.
Digging into the Colonial Past: Archeology and the 16th-Century Spanish Settlements at Charlesfort-Santa Elena (155)
Illustration 1: French colonists near Parris Island, present-day South Carolina.
Illustration 2: French settlement at the mouth of St. John’s River, present-day Florida.
Drawing 1: 1578 plan of Fort San Marcos.
Photo 1: Artifacts from the Charlesfort-Santa Elena site.
Photo 2: Artifacts at the Charlesfort-Santa Elena site.
Photo 3: Excavating Charlesfort-Santa Elena.

“The Electric Project”: The Minidoka Dam and Powerplant (160)
Photo 2: Homesteader's Home, Minidoka Project, ca. 1910.
Photo 3: Interior of the Minidoka Powerplant, 1911.
Photo 4: Canal and Transmission Lines, ca. 1915.
Photo 5: Domestic Science Class, Rupert High School, ca. 1914.
Embattled Farmers and the Shot Heard Round The World: The Battles of Lexington and Concord (150)
Print 1: Fight At the North Bridge, by Amos Doolittle.
Painting 1: Fight at Concord Bridge, April 19th, 1775, by Don Troiani.
Print 2: The Battle Road, 1775, by Amos Doolittle.
Painting 2: Parker's Revenge, April 19th, 1775, by Don Troiani.
Photo 3: Minuteman Statue.
The Emerald Necklace: Boston's Green Connection (86)
Photo 1: Boston, 1850s.
Photo 2: Dredging the Back Bay, 1882.
Photo 3: The Muddy River during construction, 1892.
Photo 4: The Muddy River after construction, 1920.
Enduring Awatovi: Uncovering Hopi Life and Work on the Mesa (156)
Photo 1: Awatovi, Antelope Mesa.
Photo 2: Archeological Site at Awatovi.
Photo 3: Terraced dwellings in an occupied Hopi town, ca. 1880.
Federal Courthouses and Post Offices: Symbols of Pride and Permanence in American Communities (136)
Photo 1: U.S. Courthouse, Custom House and Post Office (now Pioneer Courthouse), Portland, Oregon, ca. 1877.
Photo 3: U.S. Post Office and Federal Building (now Byron R. White U.S. Courthouse), Denver, Colorado, August 1914.
Photo 5: U.S. Post Office, Court House and Custom House (now Gene Snyder U.S. Court House and Custom House), Louisville, Kentucky, ca. 1935.
Photo 6: Post Office lobby, U.S. Post Office, Court House and Custom House (now Gene Snyder U.S. Courthouse and Custom House, November 1932.
First Battle of Manassas: An End to Innocence (12)
Drawing 1: The Henry House, as it appeared soon after the first battle of Manassas.
Photo 1: The Henry House, March, 1862.
Photo 2: The Stone House, March, 1862.
First Lady of the World: Eleanor Roosevelt at Val-Kill (26)
Photo 1a: Panoramic View of Val-Kill, 1947.
Photo 1b: Val-Kill Cottage.
Photo 2: Members of the United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Meet with Eleanor Roosevelt, July 1948.
Photo 3: Eleanor Roosevelt Lunches with a Future President, August 17, 1960.
Photo 4: Eleanor Roosevelt Hosts Visitors from Overseas, August 1961.
Floyd Bennett Field: Naval Aviation's Home in Brooklyn (120)
Photo 2: WAVE operating radio equipment at the control tower, NA-New York, 1943.
Photo 4: VRF-1 Squadron Insignia, 1943.
Photo 5: Crew of women aircraft workers in Grumman factory, Bethpage, New York, c.1943.
Photo 6: Planes and Navy personnel in front of Hanger 2, NAS New York, c.1944.
Photo 7: Inspection of ferry squadrons, NAS New York, c.1944.
Photo 8: WAVES displaying objects associated with their jobs, NAS, New York, 1945.
Fort Hancock: A Bastion of America's Eastern Seaboard (37)
Photo 1: Gun at Battery Pottery.
Photo 2: Gun at Battery Pottery.
Photo 3: Gun at Battery Granger.
Photo 4: Gun at Battery Granger.
Fort Morgan and the Battle of Mobile Bay (73)
Painting 1: USS Monitor, watercolor by Oscar Parkes.
Drawing 2: Battle of Mobile Bay, August 5, 1864.
Illustration 1: Plan of the battle of August 5, 1864.
Photo 1: The Gulf Side of Fort Morgan, after the Battle of Mobile Bay.
Photo 2: Lighthouse and hot shot furnace, after the Battle of Mobile Bay, 1864.
The Frankish Building: A Reflection of the Success of Ontario, California (43)
Photo 1: Euclid Avenue, May 1888.
The Freeman School: Building Prairie Communities (80)
Photo 2: Teacher and Pupils, 1914.
Photo 3: Children in front of the school, 1913.
Painting 1: Children at Play. Painted by George Mardsen.
Painting 2: Evening at the Freeman School. Painted by George Marsden.
From Canterbury to Little Rock: The Struggle for Educational Equality for African Americans
Photo 7: One of the "Little Rock Nine" braves a jeering crowd.
Glen Echo Park: Center for Education and Recreation (24)
Photo 1: The Chautauqua entrance, c.1891.
Photo 2: Glen Echo Park entrance, c.1938.
Glorieta and Raton Passes: Gateways to the Southwest (117)
Photo 1: Wagons on the Santa Fe Trail, late 19th century.
Photo 3: Apache Canyon, 1880.
Going-to-the-Sun Road: A Model of Landscape Engineering (95)
Photo 1: Glacier National Park, area near Logan Pass, ca.1930.
Photo 2: Building the Granite Creek retaining wall, ca.1927.
Photo 4: Construction equipment near Going-to-the-Sun Mountain, ca.1932.
Photo 6: Going-to-the-Sun Road, ca.1932.
Gold Fever! Seattle Outfits the Klondike Gold Rush (55)
Photo 1: Cooper and Levy Pioneer Outfitters.
Photo 2: McDougal and Southwick Company.
Photo 3: Thedinga Hardware Company.
Photo 4: The Pioneer Building, Pioneer Square.
Photo 5: Ascending the Golden Stairs up to Chilkoot Pass on the Chilkoot Trail, 1897.
“The Greatest Dam in the World”: Building Hoover Dam (140)
Photo 1: Men Seeking Work at Hoover Dam, August 1931.
Photo 2: Family in "Ragtown."
Photo 3: "High Scalers."
Photo 4: "Drilling Jumbo."
Photo 5: Work in the Canyon.
Photo 6: Laying the Concrete for the Dam.
Photo 7: The Dam Under Construction.
Growing into Public Service: William Howard Taft's Boyhood Home (15)
Photo 1: The Taft House, 1868.
Photo 2: The Taft boys.
Photo 3: William Howard's high school graduating class.
Harry Truman and Independence, Missouri: "This is Where I Belong" (103)
Photo 1: The Truman House, 1904.
Photo 3: Courthouse Square, Independence, Missouri, 1909.
Herbert Hoover: Iowa Farm Boy and World Humanitarian (34)
Photo 2: Downtown West Branch, Iowa, 1908.
Illustration 1: World War I Posters.
"The Honor of Your Company is Requested": Lincoln's Second Inaugural Ball at the Patent Office (143)
Introduction-This page contains images of Abraham and Mary Lincoln and an illustration of the Patent Office building c.1855.
Illustration 1: Inaugural Ball, March 6, 1865 woodcut from Illustrated London News , April 8, 1865.
Independence Hall: International Symbol of Freedom (132)
Painting 1: The Declaration of Independence, 4 July 1776. Painted by John Trumbull, 1786-1820.
The Invention Factory: Thomas Edison's Laboratories (25)
Photo 1a: Edison at his West Orange lab with an electric car powered by Edison batteries, 1910.
Photo 1b: Edison holding oe of his miner safety lamps, 1923.
Photo 2a: The laboratory complex, 1890s.
Photo 2b: Aerial view of Thomas A. Edison incorporated, 1929.
Photo 3: Edison staff members at work in the chemistry laboratory, 1910.
Photo 4: Edison's library in the main laboratory.
Photo 5: Edison and his associates inspect the improved photograph, June 16, 1888.
Photo 6: A phonograph/kinetoscope parlor in San Francisco, 1895.
Iolani Palace: A Hawaiian Place of History, Power, and Prestige (161)
Photo 1: The first Iolani Palace, built in 1844.
Photo 2: Historic image of Iolani Palace, completed in 1882.
Photo 3: Iolani Palace Throne Room, 1880s.
Photo 4: US Marines Landing in Honolulu during the Overthrow of Liliuokalani, 1893.
Iron Hill School: An African-American One-Room School (58)
Photo 3: Interior of an African-American School in Anthoston, Kentucky, built ca.1875, photographed 1916.
Johnson Lake Mine: Mining for Tungsten in Nevada's Snake Range (110)
Photo 1: "Beaver" brand flathead motor, Johnson Lake Mine.
The Joseph Bellamy House: The Great Awakening in Puritan New England (85)
Drawing 1: View of the center of Bethlehem (from John Warner Barber's Connecticut Historical Collections, 1836).
Photo 1: The Bellamy-Ferriday House.
"Journey from Slavery to Statesman": The Homes of Frederick Douglass (147)
Illustration 1: Frederick Douglass Running Away.
Knife River: Early Village Life on the Plains (1)
Painting 1: Hidasta Village, Earth Covered Lodges, on the Knife River, by George Catlin.
Painting 2: Bird's Eye View of the Mandan Village, by George Catlin.
Ladd Field and the Lend-Lease Mission: Defending Alaska in WWII (146)
Photo 1: Ladd Field under construction in 1939.
Photo 2: Ladd Field before the war begins-during the Cold Weather Testing Mission, 1941.
Photo 3: Ladd Field after WWII construction boom in 1946.
Photo 4: White Star, Red Star.
Photo 5: 5000th plane to be flown to Russia.
Lafayette Park: First Amendment Rights on the President's Doorstep (139)
Photo 1: National Woman's Party Pickets, February 1917.
Photo 2: "Russian" Banner, June 1917.
Photo 3: Man Attacking "Russian" Banner, June 1917.
Photo 4: Pickets marching from National Woman's Party headquarters to the White House on Bastille Day, July 14, 1917.
Photo 5: Alice Paul leads pickets out of National Woman's Party headquarters, October 1917.
Photo 6: Burning Wilson's speeches in Lafayette Park, September 1918.
The Lewis and Clark Expedition: Documenting the Uncharted Northwest (108)
Illustration 1: Portion of Lewis and Clark expedition map from the Mississippi to the Pacific Ocean, 1814.
Photo 1a: Jefferson Peace Medal.
Photo 1b: Jefferson Peace Medal.
Drawing 1: Shoshone smoking pipe.
Drawing 2: Fern leaf.
The Liberty Bell: From Obscurity to Icon (36)
Photo 1: Gen. John J. Pershing at the Liberty Bell, September 12, 1919.
Photo 2: Crowds view the Liberty Bell in Scranton, Pennsylvania, November 25, 1915.
Photo 3: The Liberty Bell on tour to St. Louis for the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, 1904.
Photo 4: The Liberty Bell through Plainfield, Connecticut, June 1903.
Photo 6: C.A. Goodrich's The Child's History of the United States, Copwerthwaite & Co., Philadelphia, 1878.
Liberty Ships and Victory Ships, America's Lifeline in War (116)
Photo 1: "Your Merchant Marine Has Grown."
Photo 2: "Salute Your Merchant Marine on Maritime Day--May 22."
Photo 3: North Atlantic Convoy, 1941.
Photo 4: Liberty Ship, 1941.
Illustration 1: U.S. Merchant Marine Commemorative Stamp.
Life on an Island: Early Settlers Off the Rock-Bound Coast of Maine (16)
Photo 1: Little Cranberry Island in 1870: The Blue Duck (left center with end chimney) and original Samuel Hadlock store (center).
Photo 2: Little Cranberry Island in the 1880s: original Sameul Hadlock store (left) and the Blue Duck (right).
Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial: Forging Greatness during Lincoln's Youth (126)
Illustrations 1 and 2: Lincoln's sum book pages.
Photo 1: Lincoln Home, 1860.
Photo 2: Republican rally, 1860.
Photo 4: Funeral Dignitaries in front of Lincoln's Home, May 1865.
Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial: Where Man and Memory Intersect (144)
Photo 1: Nancy Hanks Lincoln Gravesite (c.1880s).
Photo 2: Gravesite of Nancy Hanks Lincoln with Culver stone in place, (c.1905).
Photo 4: View north from the gravesite, circa 1910s.
Photo 5: Lion gates at the entrance of Nancy Hanks Lincoln Park, looking south into the park, 1920.
Lincoln Home National Historic Site: A Place of Growth and Memory (127)
Photo 1: Lincoln Home, 1860.
Photo 2: Republican rally, 1860.
Drawing 1: Illustration of the Lincoln's front parlor, 1860.
Photo 4: Funeral Dignitaries in front of Lincoln's Home, May 1865.
Little Kinnakeet Lifesaving Station: Home to Unsung Heroes (57)
Homepage.
Photo 1: A lifesaving crew with beach apparatus cart, ca.1890s.
Photo 2: Little Kinnakeet Lifesaving Station and crew, ca.1890s.
Photo 3: Little Kinnakeet Coast Guard Station, 1935.
Photo 4: Thursday's drill at a lifesaving station.
"Making the Desert Bloom": The Rio Grande Project (141)
Photo 1: Elephant Butte Dam Under Construction, 1915.
Photo 2: Leasburg Diversion Dam, 1908.
Photo 3: Out-take Connecting the Leasburg Canal with the Doña Ana Lateral, 1908.
Photo 4: Irrigated Canteloupe Fields, 1930.
Photo 5: Dragline at Work, 1918.
Mammoth Cave: Its Explorers, Miners, Archeologists, and Visitors (35)
Photo 2: Historical photo of farm field showing typical land use prior to park establishment, c.1935.
Photo 3: Visitors pose with their guide, c.1900.
The Mary McLeod Bethune Council House: African American Women Unite for Change (135)
Photo 2: Mary McLeod Bethune (with back to camera) speaking at Council House dedication, October 15, 1944.
Photo 3: Eleanor Roosevelt speaking at Council House dedication, October 15, 1944.
Photo 4: Mary McLeod Bethune in the Council House parlor, 1945.
Photo 6: NCNW meeting in conference room of the Council House, ca.1950.
The M'Clintock House: A Home to the Women's Rights Movement (76)
Drawing 1: Bird's Eye View of Waterloo, 1873.
Mechanics Hall: Symbol of Pride and Industry (87)
Photo 1: The Mechanical and Electrical Exposition, Mechanics Hall, 1909.
Memories of Montpelier: Home of James and Dolley Madison (46)
Illustration 1: Montpelier, c.1836, engraving by J.F.E. Prud'homme after John G. Chapman.
Minuteman Missile National Historic Site: Protecting a Legacy of the Cold War (128)
Photo 1: Sputnik, 1957.
Photo 2: President Kennedy with Strategic Air Commander General Thomas S. Power at Vandenberg Air Force Base, 1962.
Photo 3: Launch Control Center under construction, 1963.
Mount Auburn Cemetery: A New American Landscape (84)
Drawing 1: Engraved view of Copp's Hill, Boston, 1851.
Drawing 2: Engraved view of Lowell Lot, Mount Auburn Cemetery, 1847.
Drawing 3: Engraved view of Stow Gardens, England, circa 1760.
Drawing 4: Engraved view of Gossler Lot, Mount Auburn Cemetery, 1847.
Photo 1: Stereographic view of Jones Lot, Mount Auburn Cemetery, 1860s.
Drawing 5: Engraved view of Appleton Lot, Mount Auburn Cemetery, 1847.
A Nation Repays Its Debt: The National Soldiers' Home and Cemetery in Dayton, Ohio (115)
Photo 1: Historic image of grave marker, c.1870.
Navesink Lighthouse and Robbins Reef Lighthouse: Lighting the Way through New York Bay (131)
Photo 2: Robbins Reef Lighthouse, circa 1950.
Photo 3: Fresnel Lens on Display at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893.
Photo 4: Kate Walker, Keeper at Robbins Reef Lighthouse, c.1909.
New Kent School and the George W. Watkins School: From Freedom of Choice to Integration (104)
Photo 1: 1967 New Kent School girls' basketball team.
Photo 2: 1967 New Kent School student government officers.
Photo 3: 1969 George W. Watkins junior class.
Photo 4: 1970 New Kent High School student government officers.
Photo 5: 1970 New Kent High School senior class.
New Philadelphia: A Multiracial Town on the Illinois Frontier (130)
Drawing 1: Layout of New Philadelphia in 1836.
The No. 2 Quincy Shaft-Rockhouse: 9,240 Feet into the Earth (152)
Photo 1: A Quincy mine, 1890.
Photo 2: Miners Ready to Descend in a Quincy Man Car, c. 1900.
Photo 3: Funeral Parade for Victims of the 1913 Italian Hall Disaster.
North Carolina State Capitol: Pride of the State (61)
Painting 1: Watercolor of original State House by J.S. Glennie, 1811.
Drawing 1: The remodeled North Carolina State House by W. Goodacre.
The Octagon of Washington, D.C.: The House that Helped Build a Capital (151)
Painting 1: "A view near the President's house in the City of Washington," 1813, by S. Lewis.
The Ohio and Erie Canal: Catalyst of Economic Development for Ohio (41)
Photo 1: Peninsula lock, mid-to-late 19th century.
Photo 2: The house at Lock 38, c.1875.
Photo 4: Workers repairing the canal, c.1850s.
Photo 5: Wash day on the canal, date unknown.
Photo 6: Canal boat family at Lock 37, c.1880s.
The Old Mormon Fort: Birthplace of Las Vegas, Nevada (122)
Painting 1: Las Vegas Fort in 1876, Frederick S. Dellenbaugh's painting.
Photo 1: Helen J. Stewart, c.1888.
Photo 2: Stewart Ranch, 1905-06.
Photo 3: Theresa Doolittle (swimming pool) at Old Ranch.
Photo 4: Cement testing site for Hoover Dam (curing room added at right), Old Fort, c.1929.
Paterson, New Jersey: America's Silk City (102)
Photo 1: Dye House in Great Falls/S.U.M. Historic District, ca.1910.
Photo 2: Dye House workers, ca.1900.
Photo 4: Jacquard silk looms, ca.1900.
Photo 5: Belle Vista (Lambert Castle), 1896.
Photo 6: Strike rally at the Botto House, 1913.
The Penniman House: A Whaling Story (112)
Photo 1: Captain Penniman's House, French Second Empire style, built in 1868.
Photo 3: Captain Penniman in his northwest parlor, circa 1890.
President Lincoln's Cottage: A Retreat (138)
Illustration 1: Soldiers' Home, Washington, D.C.
Photo 1: South side of the White House, ca. 1861.
Photo 2: South side of the cottage, from Mary Todd Lincoln's photo album.
Photo 3: Abraham Lincoln.
Photo 4: Abraham Lincoln.
Remembering Pearl Harbor: The USS Arizona Memorial (18)
Photo 1: USS Arizona sets out from New York for trial manuevers in 1918.
Photo 2: Shattered by a direct hit, the USS Arizona burns and sinks, December 7, 1941.
"The Rocket's Red Glare": Francis Scott Key and the Bombardment of Fort McHenry (137)
Illustration 3: "A View of the Bombardment of For McHenry."
Illustration 4: "Star-Spangled Heart."
The Rosenwald Schools: Progressive Era Philanthropy in the Segregated South (159)
Photo 1: Pee Dee Rosenwald School, Marion County, South Carolina, c. 1935.
Photo 2: Interior, Pine Grove Rosenwald School, Columbia, South Carolina, c. 1936.
Photo 3: Spann Rosenwald School, Madison County, Tennessee, 1939.
Run For Your Lives! The Johnstown Flood of 1889 (5)
Photos 1 and 2: Aftermath of Johnstown Flood.
Photo 3: Debris at the stone bridge.
Photo 4: Rescue workers seaching for survivors and bodies.
Photo 5: Locomotives from the East Conemaugh trainyard.
Photo 6: Woodvale, Pennsylvania, July, 1889.
Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site: Home of a Gilded Age Icon (48)
Photo 1: Huggins' Folly.
Saratoga: The Tide Turns on the Frontier (93)
Drawing 2: Catherine Schuyler torches a wheatfield.
Drawing 3: Capitulation de Burgoyne à Saratoga, contemporary French engraving of Burgoyne's Surrender.
Savannah, Georgia: The Lasting Legacy of Colonial City Planning (83)
Drawing 1: View of Savannah, 1734.
Drawing 2: Enlarged detail from View of Savannah, 1734.
Drawing 3: Savannah, 1800.
Drawing 4: Savannah, 1818.
Painting 1: Panorama of Savannah by Fermin Cerveau, 1837.
The Selma to Montgomery Voting Rights March: Shaking the Conscience of the Nation (133)
Photo 2: Marchers and State Troopers, March 7, 1965.
Photo 3: "Bloody Sunday".
Photo 4: On the road to Montgomery, March 22, or March 23.
Photo 5: Onlookers along the route to Montgomery.
Photo 6: View of Martin Luther King, Jr., addressing the marchers at the Alabama State Capitol in Montgomery.
The Selma to Montgomery Voting Rights March: Shaking the Conscience of the Nation (133)
Photo 1: Scott's Branch High School, Clarendon County, c. 1952.
Photo 3: Photo 2: Jane Edwards Elementary School, Edisto Island, Charleston County.
Photo 3: Interior of Baptist Hill Elementary School, Charleston County, 1956.
The Siege and Battle of Corinth: A New Kind of War (113)
Illustration 3: Union Troops Building Entrenchments on the Road to Corinth, May 1862.
Illustration 4: Corinth after the Confederate Retreat, May 1862.
Photo 1: View toward Batteries Robinett and Williams.
Photo 2: Confederate Dead, Oct. 4, 1862.
The Shields-Ethridge Farm: The End of a Way of Life (145)
Photo 1: Sharecroppers going to the cotton fields, c. 1920.
Photo 2: Sharecroppers waiting turn for cotton gin, c. 1920.
Photo 3: Inside the cotton gin, c. 1940.
Photo 4: Bachelors’ Academy and white students, 1910.
The Siege of Port Hudson: "Forty Days and Nights in the Wilderness of Death" (71)
Photo 1: A Confederate cannon inside the siege works. The muzzle was broken off by Union artillery fire.
Photo 2: Confederate 'rat holes' (dug-out caves) within the defensive lines. There was a Federal artillery position along the tree line in the distance.
Photo 3: A Confederate cannon demolished by Federal artillery fire. The earthworks include a barrel (upper left) with a hole for sharpshooting. This was nicknamed "Fort Desperate."
Photo 4: A gully used by Federal troops as a siege camp. The horizontal line at the base of the standing trees is a series of Confederate earthworks.
Photo 5: A Union artillery battery at Port Hudson. The white material in the foreground is cotton, bales of which were used to protect the cannoneers from Confederate fire.
Illustration 1: The charge of the African-American troops at Port Hudson.
Skagway: Gateway to the Klondike (75)
Photo 1: Skagway, Alaska, 1898.
Photo 2: Trail Street in Skagway, October, 1897.
Photo 3: Ben Moore and family, Moore House, July 1904.
Springwood: Birthplace and Home to Franklin D. Roosevelt (82)
Photo 3: WPA flood project in Louisville, Kentucky, 1937.
Photo 4: The Roosevelts with King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, 1940.
Illustration 1: Four Freedoms by Norman Rockwell.
Thaw in the Cold War: Eisenhower and Khrushchev at Gettysburg (29)
Photo 1: President Eisenhower and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev pose in front of Aspen Lodge at Camp David, Maryland, September 25, 1959.
Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural Site: Birthplace of the Modern Presidency (77)
Drawing 1: Delaware Avenue, Buffalo, New York, 1873.
Drawing 2: Sketch of the Inauguration, September 14, 1901.
Photo 2: The Wilcox House, September 14, 1901.
These Honored Dead: The Battle of Rivers Bridge and Civil War Combat Casualties (94)
Illustration 1: "Sherman's March through South Carolina--Road at the Swamp Crossings."
Illustration 2: Pvt. Edgar W. Cherry, 1865.
Photo 2: Edgar W. Cherry, c.1890.
Thomas Jefferson's Plan for the University of Virginia: Lessons from the Lawn (92)
Drawing 1: College of New Jersey, Princeton, 1764.
Drawing 2: The University of Virginia, 1826.
Drawing 3: Plan of the University of Virginia, January-February 1825.
Drawing 4: Study for Anatomical Theatre by Thomas Jefferson, c.February 1825.
Photo 1: Students on the Lawn, 19th Century.
Thomas P. Kennard House: Building a Prairie Capital (149)
Photo 1: Thomas Kennard and John Gillespie houses, 1872.
Photo 2: Lincoln in 1868.
Photo 3: Portion of the 1872 Panoramic of Lincoln, taken from the Capitol, looking northwest.
Photo 4: Portion of the 1872 Panoramic of Lincoln, taken from the Capitol, looking north.
Thurmond: A Town Born from Coal Mines and Railroads (28)
Photo 1: Thurmond, West Virginia, c.1920.
Photo 2: A postcard picture of Thurmond depot, photographer and date unknown.
Photo 3: Ticket office at C&O depot in Pratt, West Virginia, 1925.
Tonto National Monument: Saving a National Treasure (125)
Photo 2: Mannequin dressed as Chief Shinomen (tribal affiliation unknown) exhibited at the 1876 Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia.
Photo 3: Indian tent at the 1876 Centennial Exhibition.
Two American Entrepreneurs: Madam C.J. Walker and J.C. Penney
Drawing 1: Artist's conception of the opening of the first Golden Rule Store in 1902.
Photo 1: The Golden Rule Store, 1904.
Photo 2: Madam C.J. Walker Manufacturing Company building.
Photo 4: Madam Walker before and after using the hair preparations she developed.
Photo 5: Madam Walker, age 42.
The United States Air Force Academy: Founding a Proud Tradition (114)
Illustration 1: Brochure cover prepared by the Colorado Springs Committee, 1954.
Photo 1: Aerial view of Air Force Academy, ca. 1962.
Photo 2: Mitchell Hall under construction, ca. 1958.
Photo 4: Basic cadets, August 1958.
Photo 5: Interior of Mitchell Hall, ca. 1962.
Ulysses S. Grant and Julia Dent Grant at White Haven Farm: The Missouri Compromise in American Life (154)
Photo 1: 19th Century Photo of White Haven Main House.
The War Relocation Centers of World War II: When Fear Was Stronger than Justice (89)
Photo 1: Evacuees arriving at Manzanar in California, 1942.
Photo 2: Residential barracks block at Rohwer in Arkansas, 1943.
Photo 3: Typical barracks room at Manzanar, April 1942.
Photo 4: Mess Hall at Manzanar, 1942.
Photo 6: Manzanar Relocation Center, with Mount Williamson in the Background, 1942.

The Washington Monument: Tribute in Stone (62)
Drawing 1: Robert Mills' design for the Washington Monument.
Drawing 2: Alternative designs for the Washington Monument.
Waterford, Virginia: From Mill Town to National Historic Landmark (88)
Drawing 2: Mill and miller's house, lower Main Street, 1882.
Photo 2: View down Main Street hill, circa 1862.
Weir Farm: Home of an American Impressionist (22)
Photo 1: The fishing bridge on the path to Weir's pond, after 1896.
Photo 2: Cora Weir, riding side saddle, c.1900.
Photo 3: View of Weir's house from the west, c.1890.
Painting 1: The Fishing Party by J. Alden Weir about 1915, oil on canvas, 28 x 23 in, unsigned.
Painting 2: After the Ride by J. Alden Weir, about 1903, oil on canvas, 24 1/8 x 34 1/4 in., signed.
Wheat Farms, Flour Mills, and Railroads: A Web of Interdependence (106)
Photo 1: West Side Milling District, Minneapolis, ca.1890.
Photo 2: West Side Milling District, Minneapolis, early 1920s.
Photo 4: Wheat Harvesting on a Bonanza Farm, ca.1891.
Photo 5: Bagg Bonanza Farm, ca.1930s.
A Woman's Place Is In the Sewall-Belmont House: Alice Paul and Women's Rights (148)
Photo 1: 144 Constitution Ave, NE (circa 1921-1935).
Photo 3: Lobbying Congress for the Equal Rights Amendment, ca. 1923.
Photo 4: Inside the Belmont House (circa 1941).
Drawing 2: “Alice Paul Author of the ERA” poster.
Wright Brothers National Memorial: Site of the First Controlled Powered Flight (109)
Photo 1: Wilbur Wright flying the 1901 Glider.
Photo 2: Orville Wright flying the 1902 Glider.
Photo 3: Interior of the Wright brothers' shed/living quarters, 1902.
Photo 4: The Wright brothers' camp and Flyer, 1903.
Photo 5: Liftoff on December 17, 1903.
Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site: Monument to the Gilded Age (78)
Photo 1: The Vanderbilt Mansion under construction, 1895.
Ybor City: Cigar Capital of the World (51)
Photo 1: Ybor Cigar Factory, c. 1886-90.
Photo 2: Cigar workers' houses.
Photo 3: Cigar factory workers at Ybor Factory, 1925.
Photo 4: L'Unione Italiana, 1919.
Photo 5: Circulo Cubano, 1926.
Photo 6: Centuro Asturiano, 1925.
Photo 7: Evening festivities at Centro Asturiano, 1920s.

Lightning Lessons
Discover Colonel Young's Protest Ride for Equality and Country: A Lightning Lesson from Teaching with Historic Places, featuring the historic Colonel Charles Young House (Lightning Lesson 2)
Photo 2: The Colonel Charles Young House, 1910
Discover the Total Solar Eclipse of 1900 in Historic Wadesboro, North Carolina (Lightning Lesson 4)
Photo 1: "British Astronomical Association with their equipment in Wadesboro, NC "Report on the Relations between Smithsonian Visitors and the Townspeople of Wadesboro, 1904."
 

Maps


A Field of Dreams: The Jackie Robinson Ballpark (162)
Map 1: Daytona, Florida, Automobile Blue Book Publishing Company, 1919.
Andersonville: Prisoner of War Camp (11)
Map 2: Location of Andersonville, Georgia.
An American Success Story: The Pope House of Raleigh, NC (124)
Map 1: Sanborn Insurance Map of Downtown Raleigh, July, 1903.
Arthurdale: A New Deal Community Experiment (157)
Map 2: Arthurdale Town Map.
At a Crossroads: The King of Prussia Inn (119)
Map 1: King of Prussia Area, 1777.
Map 2: King of Prussia Area, 1871 Atlas.
Back Stairs at Brucemore: Life as Servants in early 20th-Century America (105)
Map 1: Cedar Rapids, 1906.
The Battle of Bennington: An American Victory (107)
Illustration 1: Site of the Battle of Bennington.
The Battle of Horseshoe Bend: Collision of Cultures (54)
Illustration 1: Andrew Jackson's map of the battleground.
Illustration 2: A map drawn by Colonel John A. Cheatham, Jackson's topographical engineer.
The Battle of Midway: Turning the Tide in the Pacific (90)
Map 2: Midway Atoll.
The Battle of Stones River: The Soldiers' Story (40)
Map 2: Nashville and middle Tennessee.
Boston's Arnold Arboretum: A Place for Study and Recreation (56)
Map 1: Plan of Boston Park System, 1894.
Bryce Canyon National Park: Hoodoos Cast Their Spell (64)
Map 2: The Grand Circle Tour.
The Carlisle Indian Industrial School: Assimilation with Education after the Indian Wars (163)
Chicago's Black Metropolis: Understanding History through a Historic Place (53)
Map 2: Chicago's Black Metropolis and surrounding area, 1920s.
Chicago's Columbus Park: The Prairie Idealized (81)
Map 1: Western Park System, Chicago, 1917.
Map 2: Jensen's Original Plan for Columbus Park, 1918.
Map 2a: Jensen's Original Plan for Columbus Park, 1918 (Detail).
Chicago's Black Metropolis: Understanding History through a Historic Place (53)
Map 2: Chicago's Black Metropolis and surrounding area, 1920s.
Digging into the Colonial Past: Archeology and the 16th-Century Spanish Settlements at Charlesfort-Santa Elena (155)
Map 1: North and South America, 1562.
•Map 2: 16th-Century Spanish Florida.
•Map 3: Santa Elena and surrounding area.
•Map 4: Parris Island Golf Course and Archeological Site.
“The Electric Project”: The Minidoka Dam and Powerplant (160)
Illustration 2: Minidoka Project in 1911, showing Main Transmission Lines.
Embattled Farmers and the Shot Heard Round The World: The Battles of Lexington and Concord (150)
Map 1: “the Country Adjacent with the Road from Boston to Concord.”
First Battle of Manassas: An End to Innocence (12)
Map 1: Central and Eastern Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware, c.1861.
Map 2: The upper Potomac, 1861.
Floyd Bennett Field: Naval Aviation's Home in Brooklyn (120)
Map 4: Naval Air Ferry Command transcontinental ferry route, c.1943.
Fort Morgan and the Battle of Mobile Bay (73)
Map 2: Mobile Harbor and vicinity.
The Frankish Building: A Reflection of the Success of Ontario, California (43)
Map 2: Plan of Ontario, California, c. 1883.
Frederica: An 18th-Century Planned Community (31)
Illustration 1: The plan of Frederica, St. Simons Island, 1743-48, prepared by Joshua E. Miller.
The Freeman School: Building Prairie Communities (80)
Map 1: Plat map of Blakely Township.
Glorieta and Raton Passes: Gateways to the Southwest (117)
Map 3: Northern New Mexico in 1867.
Growing into Public Service: William Howard Taft's Boyhood Home (15)
Map 1: Downtown Cincinnati and suburbs, 1874.
Guilford Courthouse: A Pivotal Battle in the War for Independence (32)
Map 2: Battle of Guilford [sic].
"The Honor of Your Company is Requested": Lincoln's Second Inaugural Ball at the Patent Office (143)
Map 2: Civil War Washington, DC (detail).
Independence Hall: International Symbol of Freedom (132)
Map 2: Plan of the city and environs of Philadelphia, 1777.
Iolani Palace: A Hawaiian Place of History, Power, and Prestige (161)
Map 1: Territorial Acquisitions of the United States.
Map 2: Honolulu, Oahu, 1901.
The Joseph Bellamy House: The Great Awakening in Puritan New England (85)
Map 1: Colonial Connecticut, 1758.
The Liberty Bell: From Obscurity to Icon (36)
Map 1: A plan of the city and environs of Philadelphia, 1777.
Locke and Walnut Grove: Havens for Early Asian Immigrants in California
Map 1: California, 1851
"Making the Desert Bloom": The Rio Grande Project (141)
Map 1: Federal Irrigation Projects, 1934.
Mammoth Cave: Its Explorers, Miners, Archeologists, and Visitors (35)
Map 2: Portion of a map drawn by guide Stephen Bishop, 1845.
Minuteman Missile National Historic Site: Protecting a Legacy of the Cold War (128)
Map 1: Minuteman Missile fields in the United States.
Map 2: 44th Missile Wing Ellsworth, Air Force Base.
Mount Auburn Cemetery: A New American Landscape (84)
Map 2: Mount Auburn Cemetery, 1847.
Navesink Lighthouse and Robbins Reef Lighthouse: Lighting the Way through New York Bay (131)
Map 2: Third Lighthouse District in 1876.
The Octagon of Washington, D.C.: The House that Helped Build a Capital (151)
Map 1: Map of the United States and neighboring British and Spanish possessions, 1783.
The Ohio and Erie Canal: Catalyst of Economic Development for Ohio (41)
Map 1: Canals of Ohio.
The Old Mormon Fort: Birthplace of Las Vegas, Nevada (122)
Map 2: John Steele's map, 1855.
President Lincoln's Cottage: A Retreat (138)
Map 1a. Lincoln's Commute from the White House to the Soldiers' Home: northern portion.
Map 1b. Lincoln's Commute from the White House to the Soldiers' Home: southern portion.
The Rosenwald Schools: Progressive Era Philanthropy in the Segregated South (159)
Map 1: Julius Rosenwald Fund Schoolhouse Construction Map, 1932.
Saugus Iron Works: Life and Work at an Early American Industrial Site (30)
Map 2: "The South part of New England, as it is Planted this yeare, 1634," (detail) from William Wood, New England's Prospect, London, 1634.
Illustration 1: Map of Saugus, Lynn, and Nahant from Alonzo Lewis, History of Lynn, Boston, 1844.
Separate But Equal? South Carolina's Fight Over School Segregation (158)
Map 2: Educational Finance Commission New Schools Map.
The Siege of Port Hudson: "Forty Days and Nights in the Wilderness of Death" (71)
Map 2: Port Hudson and its defenses.
Thomas Jefferson's Plan for the University of Virginia: Lessons from the Lawn (92)
Map 1: Map of Charlottesville area, 1877.
Thomas P. Kennard House: Building a Prairie Capital (149)
Map 1: 1866 U.S. General Land Office Map of Kansas and Nebraska.
Map 2: The Original Plat of Lincoln, 1867.
Ulysses S. Grant and Julia Dent Grant at White Haven Farm: The Missouri Compromise in American Life (154)
Map 1: State Secessions, 1860-1861.
The Vieux Carré: A Creole Neighborhood in New Orleans (20)
Map 2: The Mississippi Delta, 1720.
Map 3: Plan of New Orleans, 1720.
The Washington Monument: Tribute in Stone (62)
Map 1: The L'Enfant Plan for Washington.
Wheat Farms, Flour Mills, and Railroads: A Web of Interdependence (106)
Map 1: Railroads in Minnesota and North and South Dakota, 1890.

Lightning Lessons

Discover the African Burial Ground National Monument (Lightning Lesson 3)
Map 1: "Plan of the City of New York, 1755."
Discover the Total Solar Eclipse of 1900 in Historic Wadesboro, North Carolina (Lightning Lesson 4)
Map 1: "Total eclipse track of May 28 1900 over USA."

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Military Reports/Documents

The Battle of Bentonville: Caring for Casualties of the Civil War (69)
Reading 1: From Incompetence to Proficiency: The Development of Union Medical Care-This page contains an excerpt from "Field Hospital Order" of October 30, 1862.
Reading 2: Fighting and Treatment at the Battle of Bentonville-This page contains a report from Surgeon John H. Moore, one of Gen. William T. Sherman's medical officers, showing how care and treatment had changed since First Manassas.
The Battle of Glorieta Pass: A Shattered Dream (91)
Reading 2: Combatant's Accounts-This page contains the recollection of Sergeant Peticolas, who recorded the call Colonel Scurry's troops answered to march to the support of Major Pyron at Apache Canyon the evening of Wednesday, March 26, 1862 and Ovando J. Hollister's description of the forced winter march by the Colorado Volunteers from Denver to Fort Union to meet the advancing Confederate forces.
Reading 3: Reports of the Battle of Glorieta Pass-The reports of Colonel John P. Slough, commanding officer of the First Colorado Infantry, and Colonel Scurry are given.
The Battle of Honey Springs: The Civil War Comes to the Indian Territory (68)
Reading 3: The Battle of Honey Springs-This contains the reports of two generals about the battle.
The Battle of Horseshoe Bend: Collision of Cultures (54)
Reading 3: The Battle of Horseshoe Bend and Its Consequences-This page contains 1) a description of the barricades Andrew Jackson ordered, written by himself and 2) a description of the results of the battle written by Sam Houston.
The Battle of Midway: Turning the Tide in the Pacific (90)
Reading 3: Voices from Midway-This page contains part of Admiral Nimitz's report describing the battle.
The Battle of Oriskany: "Blood Shed a Stream Running Down" (79)
Homepage-This page contains an excerpt from a letter written to Gov. George Clinton describing the distress in Mohawk Valley, New York.
Reading 1: Growing Tensions in Central New York-This page contains excerpts from two letters describing the tension between settlers in New York.
Reading 2: The Battle of Oriskany-This page contains a short description of the battle from Seneca chief Blacksnake.
Reading 3: Effects of the Battle of Oriskany-This page contains part of a letter Pierre Van Cortland wrote to Governor George Clinton about the failing British strategy to capture New York.
The Battle of Prairie Grove: Civilian Recollections of the Civil War (70)
Reading 2: The Recollections of Caldonia Ann Borden Bradenburg.
Reading 3: The Memoir of Nancy Morton Staples.
The Battle of Stones River: The Soldiers' Story (40)
Homepage-This contains a brief description of the severity of the battle.
Reading 1: The Soldiers and the Battle of Stones River-This page contains excerpts from the personal papers of Union and Confederate soldiers describing the battle.
Castolon: A Meeting Place of Two Cultures (17)
Reading 3: Colonel Hornbrook's Recruiting Announcement.
Chatham Plantation: Witness to the Civil War (45)
Reading 1: The Impact of the Civil War of Chatham-A New York soldier recalls the occupation of Chatham.
Reading 2: Chatham at the Center of Military Activities-A Union soldier recalls the harsh winter spent in Chatham.
Reading 3: Chatham as Hospital-This contains excerpts from Walt Whitman's personal papers when he went to Chatham to find his brother.
Choices and Commitments: The Soldiers at Gettysburg (44)
Reading 2: Perspectives of Participants in the Battle-This page contains excerpts from the personal papers of both Union and Confederate soldiers describing the battle.
Clara Barton's House: Home of the American Red Cross (27)
Reading 3: The Woman Who Went to the Field-This page contains a poem Clara Barton wrote as a toast to women who served in the Civil War.
Embattled Farmers and the Shot Heard Round The World: The Battles of Lexington and Concord (150)
Reading 2: More than one side to every story. Reading 2: This page contains an April 18, 1775 letter from General Thomas Gage, ordering Lieut. Colonel Smith to take colonists’ weapons in Concord.
Reading 2: More than one side to every story.This page contains an excerpt from a British soldier’s diary entry about the march to Lexington, dated April 19, 1775.
Reading 2: More than one side to every story. This page contains the statement of James Barrett, Colonel of Concord Militia, on the Battle at North Bridge in Concord, Mass.
First Battle of Manassas: An End to Innocence (12)
Reading 1: The Last Letter of Major Sullivan Ballou.
Reading 2: The Letters of J.W. Reid.
Fort Morgan and the Battle of Mobile Bay (73)
Reading 2: The Defense of Fort Morgan: The Report of Brig. Gen. Richard L. Page, Commander of the Fort.
Reading 3: Personal Account of the Battle of Mobile Bay by Harrie Webster, Third Assistant Engineer, USS Manhattan.
Fort Pickens and the Outbreak of the Civil War (38)
Reading 3: Key People and Critical Decisions-This page contains comments from Senate Executive Document 85, 28th Cong., 2d. sess., 9 and War of the Rebellion: Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies.
Guilford Courthouse: A Pivotal Battle in the War for Independence (32)
Reading 2: The Generals Report on the Battle-This page contains reports from several generals about the casualties, wounded, and missing from the battle.
Reading 3: Other Judgments, Public and Private-This page contains an excerpt from the Annual Register for 1781.
Herbert Hoover: Iowa Farm Boy and World Humanitarian (34)
Illustration 1: World War I Posters.
Liberty Ships and Victory Ships, America's Lifeline in War (116)
Homepage-There is a quote from General Dwight D. Eisenhower on National Maritime Day, 1945.
Minuteman Missile National Historic Site: Protecting a Legacy of the Cold War (128)
Reading 3: Silent Soldier: Missileer Duty-This page contains a description of the process that would occur if the Emergency War Order was issued.
A Nation Repays Its Debt: The National Soldiers' Home and Cemetery in Dayton, Ohio (115)
Reading 3: Union Soldiers & Burial Practices-This page contains a series of readings on the evolution of burial practices for U.S. soldiers.
Illustrations 1a&1b: Letter from the Secretary of War regarding permanent grave markers.
Not to Be Forgotten: Camp Chase Confederate Cemetery (123)
Photos 2 and 3: This page contains an excerpt about the specific design the Commission for Locating and Marking Confederate Graves wanted for headstones in Arlington Cemetery.
"The Rocket's Red Glare": Francis Scott Key and the Bombardment of Fort McHenry (137)
Reading 1: Armistead's Account of the Battle-This page contains Major George Armistead's report on the bombardment of the fort.
Reading 3: "Defence of Fort McHenry"-This is a broadside of "The Rocket's Red Glare."
Illustration 4: "Star-Spangled Heart".
The Siege and Battle of Corinth: A New Kind of War (113)
Reading 1: The Siege of Corinth-This page contains an excerpt of a letter a confederate soldier wrote to his wife about the siege.
Reading 2: The Battle of Corinth-This page contains excerpts of soldiers' accounts of the battle from both sides.
Putting It All Together-This page contains an excerpt from Ulysses S. Grant's diary about the siege.
The Siege of Port Hudson: "Forty Days and Nights in the Wilderness of Death" (71)
Reading 2: The Mule Diet at Port Hudson-Excerpts from Civil War veteran Howard C. Wright's account of his experience of imprisonment at the surrender of Port Hudson.
Reading 3: The Account of Pvt. Henry T. Johns.
Reading 4: The Letters of John William DeForest.
These Honored Dead: The Battle of Rivers Bridge and Civil War Combat Casualties (94)
Reading 2: Casualties in the Battle of Rivers Bridge--The Official Reports-This page contains excerpts from both Union and Confederate Reports.
The War Relocation Centers of World War II: When Fear Was Stronger than Justice (89)
Document 1: "To All Persons of Japanese Ancestry"-This page contains a notice from the Western Defense Command and Fourth Army Wartime Civil Control Administration about moving, May 3, 1942.

Lightning Lessons

Discover Colonel Young's Protest Ride for Equality and Country (Lightning Lesson 2)
Reading 2: Letter from Colonel Charles Young to Secretary of War Newton Baker, April 20, 1918
Discover the Total Solar Eclipse of 1900 in Historic Wadesboro, North Carolina (Lightning Lesson 4)
Reading 2: "Report on the Relations between Smithsonian Visitors and the Townspeople of Wadesboro, 1904."

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Miscellaneous

Adeline Hornbek and the Homestead Act: A Colorado Success Story (67)
Reading 3: Homestead Proof.--Testimony of Claimant (includes partial transcript).
An American Success Story: The Pope House of Raleigh, NC (124)
Document 1: Dr. Pope's Voter Registration Card, 1902.
Carnegie Libraries: The Future Made Bright (50)
Document 1: Schedule of Questions for Communities Applying for a Carnegie Library-This page contains a form created by Carnegie officials for accepting a grant.
Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park: Where the Wright Brothers Conquered the Air (111)
Reading 2: The Wright Brothers as Printers-This page contains the statement of purpose for the International Dayton Aeroplane Club, established in honor of the Wright brothers.
The Emerald Necklace: Boston's Green Connection (86)
Reading 1: Boston's First Parks-An 1859 report by the Committee on the Improvement of the Public Garden describes how Bostonians were beginning to think about the importance of setting aside more land for parks in spite of the limited amount of land available.
First Lady of the World: Eleanor Roosevelt at Val-Kill (26)
Document 1: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Growing into Public Service: William Howard Taft's Boyhood Home (15)
Document 2: High School Admission Test Taken by William Howard Taft.
Herbert Hoover: Iowa Farm Boy and World Humanitarian (34)
Document 1: Cedar County Clerk Records.
Iolani Palace: A Hawaiian Place of History, Power, and Prestige (161)
Reading 2: A Song by King Kalakaua, circa 1881.
The M'Clintock House: A Home to the Women's Rights Movement (76)
Document 1: The Declaration of Sentiments.
Mechanics Hall: Symbol of Pride and Industry (87)
Illustration 1: Advertisement for Women's Suffrage Movement lecture, December 7, 1867.
Illustration 2: Advertisement of Gottschalk concert, June 3, 1862.
Mount Auburn Cemetery: A New American Landscape (84)
Drawing 6: Mount Auburn guide book, 1856.
Navesink Lighthouse and Robbins Reef Lighthouse: Lighting the Way through New York Bay (131)
Illustration 1: Entry for Robbins Reef in Light List of 1883.
Illustration 2: Entry for Robbins Reef in Light List of 1901.
The Penniman House: A Whaling Story (112)
Reading 3: Cultural Connections-This page contains a sampling from Captain Penniman's crew list onboard the Bark Europa, Whaling, September 11,1876 (as written by Captain Penniman).
Ulysses S. Grant and Julia Dent Grant at White Haven Farm: The Missouri Compromise in American Life (154)
Photo 5: Artifacts from the Summer and Winter Kitchens.
The Rosenwald Schools: Progressive Era Philanthropy in the Segregated South (159)
Drawing 1: Community School Plans, Bulletin No. 3, the Julius Rosenwald Fund. 1924.
The Washington Monument: Tribute in Stone (62)
Document 1: Samuel Blodgett's Broadside, 1801.
Weir Farm: Home of an American Impressionist (22)
Table 1: Danbury Norwalk Train Schedule, 1884.

Lightning Lessons

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Newspapers/Magazines

Adeline Hornbek and the Homestead Act: A Colorado Success Story (67)
Reading 2: The Proper Victorian Lady-This reading contains an excerpt from Godey's "The Editor's Table," January 1860, that expresses the important role of the woman in the home.
America's Space Program: Exploring a New Frontier (101)
Photo 4: Front page of The [Washington] Evening Star, July 21, 1969.
Back Stairs at Brucemore: Life as Servants in early 20th-Century America (105)
Reading 3: Comparing Period Sources-This page contains two different historical opinions on the advantages and disadvantages of working as a servant published in journals in the early 1900s.
The Battle of Stones River: The Soldiers' Story (40)
Reading 2: Night on the Battlefield-This page contains excerpts from two articles that appeared in the Cleveland Herald in April, 1863.
Bryce Canyon National Park: Hoodoos Cast Their Spell (64)
Reading 2: Interest in Bryce Canyon Increases-This page contains an excerpt from "Description of Bryce Canyon, 1876," written by T. C. Bailey in Zion-Bryce Memorandum for the Press, October, 1935.
The Carlisle Indian Industrial School: Assimilation with Education after the Indian Wars (163)
Reading 3: Two Articles from March 9, 1888 edition of The Indian Helper newspaper.
Carnegie Libraries: The Future Made Bright (50)
Illustration 1: Harper's Weekly, March 30, 1901.
Chatham Plantation: Witness to the Civil War (45)
Document 1: Advertisement for Chatham in Fredericksburg News, October 20, 1857.
Chattanooga, Tennessee: Train Town (52)
Reading 3: Terminal Station-This page contains an excerpt from the Daily Times on December 10, 1908 praising the Terminal Station.
Chicago's Columbus Park: The Prairie Idealized (81)
Setting the Stage: This page contains part of interview Jens Jensen did with Ragna B. Eskil for an article called "Natural Parks and Gardens" in the Saturday Evening Post for March 8, 1930.
Reading 1: An American Garden-This page contains part of the "Natural Parks and Gardens" article.
Reading 2: Columbus Park--The Prairie Idealized-This page contains part of the "Natural Parks and Gardens" article.
Coffeyville, Kansas: The Town That Stopped the Dalton Gang (99)
Reading 3: The People of Coffeyville Say "Enough!"-On Friday, October 7, 1892, the [Coffeyville] Journal published a detailed account of the Dalton Gang's last battle that had taken place two days before.
Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park: Where the Wright Brothers Conquered the Air (111)
Reading 2: The Wright Brothers as Printers-This page contains an excerpt from the daily Evening Item printed by the Wright Brothers.
Floyd Bennett Field: Naval Aviation's Home in Brooklyn (120)
Reading 2: The Janes Who Built the Planes-This page contains a quote from the Port Jefferson Times, May 28, 1943, about women's efforts to help win the war.
The Frankish Building: A Reflection of the Success of Ontario, California (43)
Reading 2: The Frankish Building--A Symbol of Wealth and Position-Excerpts from a 1915 article on Charles Frankish in the Ontario Daily Report.
From Canterbury to Little Rock: The Struggle for Educational Equality
Reading 2: All Eyes on Little Rock Central High-Excerpts of summaries of the planned desegregation from the school's newspaper Tiger.
Glen Echo Park: Center for Education and Recreation (24)
Reading 1: The National Chautauqua of Glen Echo-This page contains an excerpt from the Washington Evening Star, June 30, 1892 explaining the schedule of events for July 4, 1892.
Reading 2: The Glen Echo Amusement Park-This page contains excerpts from Cosmopolitan in 1902 and Washington Afro-American in 1957 describing Glen Echo Park.
Gold Fever! Seattle Outfits the Klondike Gold Rush (55)
Document 1: "Special Klondike Edition," The Seattle Post-Intelligencer, October 13, 1897.
"The Great Chief Justice" at Home (49)
Reading 1: John Marshall at Home-This contains part of Marshall's article published in the Alexandria Gazette on July 15, 1819, showing his strong convictions about the value of the federal judicial department and its duty to uphold the Constitution.
“The Greatest Dam in the World”: Building Hoover Dam (140)
Putting It All Together, Activity 2: “Seven Wonders of the United States,” Letters to the Editor, The New York Times, Feb. 6. 1942, 18.
"The Honor of Your Company is Requested": Lincoln's Second Inaugural Ball at the Patent Office (143)
Reading 4: The Inauguration Ball; New York Times, March 8, 1865-This page contains a large excerpt from an article written about Lincoln’s second inaugural ball.
Iron Hill School: An African-American One-Room School (58)
Reading 1: Pierre Samuel du Pont and Delaware's African-American Schools-This page contains part of du Pont's response to the editor of Afro-American Magazine on why he funded African-American schools.
Document 1: School Furniture Advertisement.
The Liberty Bell: From Obscurity to Icon (36)
Reading 1: The Growth of a Symbol-This page contains excerpts from various newspapers discussing the Liberty Bell at different times in history.
Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial: Forging Greatness during Lincoln's Youth (126)
Photo 1: Lincoln Home, 1860-Descriptions of Lincoln are given in New York Evening Post, May 23, 1860 and Springfield Massachusetts Republican, May 23, 1860.
Photo 2: Republican rally, 1860-The Woodstock Sentinel, Wednesday Morning, August 15, 1860, gives an account of the rally.
Photo 4: Funeral Dignitaries in front of Lincoln's Home, May 1865-The Daily State Journal, Thursday, May 4, 1865,"The President's House," describes the scene.
Lincoln Home National Historic Site: A Place of Growth and Memory (127)
Reading 3: Abraham Lincoln's Farewell Address-This account comes from the Daily State Journal
Tuesday, February 12, 1861.
Reading 4: Springfield Newspaper Account of Abraham Lincoln's Funeral-This account comes from Daily State Journal, Thursday, May 4, 1865,"How They Loved Him".
Martin Van Buren's "Return to the Soil" (39)
Homepage-This page contains a quote from the Kinderhook Sentinel, May 1841, about Van Buren's Return to his hometown.
The Mary McLeod Bethune Council House: African American Women Unite for Change (135)
Reading 3: "Stepping Aside...at Seventy-four"-Mary McLeod Bethune wrote the following article for the October 1949 issue of Women United, a periodical of the National Council of Negro Women.
Mechanics Hall: Symbol of Pride and Industry (87)
Reading 3: Excerpts from the Massachusetts Spy.
Mount Auburn Cemetery: A New American Landscape (84)
Reading 3: A Place for the Living--Leisure, Learning, and Mourning-This page contains an excerpt from Andrew Jackson Downing's The Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste and his musing about Mount Auburn's impact on the country and the potential for recreation parks.
Navesink Lighthouse and Robbins Reef Lighthouse: Lighting the Way through New York Bay (131)
Reading 3: Keeping the Light-This page contains excerpts from articles in the New York Times, 1905, and Harper's Weekly, 1909, with Kate Walker.
Not to Be Forgotten: Camp Chase Confederate Cemetery (123)
Homepage-This page contains a quote from Confederate Veteran magazine, Nashville, TN, January 1898, in reference to the list of the Confederate prisoners of war buried in Ohio.
Reading 3: Our Dead Honored- This is an article from the Confederate Veteran magazine, July 1902 with the subheading of "CONFEDERATE MONUMENT DONATED AND DEDICATED BY OUR FORMER FOES".
The Old Court House in St. Louis: Yesterday & Today (9)
Homepage-There is a quote from the St. Louis Daily People's Organ, April 5, 1843 calling people together who plan on emigrating to Oregon.
Separate But Equal? South Carolina's Fight Over School Segregation (158)
Document 1: Briggs v. Elliott Petition, 11 November 1949.-The unfiled, original petition listing the complaints of African American parents on behalf of their children. This action would lead to Briggs v. Elliott, a case combined with Brown v. Board of Education.
The Siege of Port Hudson: "Forty Days and Nights in the Wilderness of Death" (71)
Reading 2: The Mule Diet at Port Hudson-This is an excerpt from Civil War veteran Howard C. Wright's account of his experience of imprisonment at the surrender of Port Hudson. He wrote an account of the siege which was originally serialized as Port Hudson: Its History from an Interior Point of View in the Daily True Delta less than a month after the surrender.
Thaw in the Cold War: Eisenhower and Khrushchev at Gettysburg (29)
Reading 3: Khrushchev Speaks of His Gettysburg Visit-This page contains comments made by Khrushchev during a press conference on September 27, 1959 at the National Press Club in Washington, D. C.
Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural Site: Birthplace of the Modern Presidency (77)
Document 1: The Illustrated Buffalo Express, September 15, 1901.
Reading 2: Roosevelt's First Presidential Proclamation-This page contains a quote taken from Roosevelt shortly before the inauguration and his first presidential proclamation in the Buffalo Courier and Buffalo (NY) Express, both from September 15, 1901.
Thomas P. Kennard House: Building a Prairie Capital (149)
Reading 2: Newspaper Article, from the Early Years of Statehood- This page contains an opinion article from the time that Lincoln was chosen to be Nebraska's state capital.
Ulysses S. Grant and Julia Dent Grant at White Haven Farm: The Missouri Compromise in American Life (154)
Reading 3: Multiple Perspectives of Slavery at White Haven-This page contains an excerpt from a news article that quoted ex-slave Mary Robinson speaking about her life at White Haven and her relationships with the Dents and the Grants.
The War Relocation Centers of World War II: When Fear Was Stronger than Justice (89)
Reading 1: Fear!-Headlines and excerpts from articles appearing in the Los Angeles Times between December 1941 and February 1942.
When Rice Was King (3)
Homepage-This page contains a description of the rice fields printed in The American Monthly Magazine, October 1836.

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Oral Histories

The Battle of Midway: Turning the Tide in the Pacific (90)
Reading 3: Voices from Midway-This page contains oral histories with veterans of Midway.
The Battle of Prairie Grove: Civilian Recollections of the Civil War (70)
Reading 2: The Recollections of Caldonia Ann Borden Bradenburg.
Reading 3: The Memoir of Nancy Morton Staples.
Birthplace of John F. Kennedy: Home of the Boy Who Would Be President (33)
Reading 2: Daily Life at 83 Beals Street-This page contains excerpts from a transcript of a house tour with Rose Kennedy.
The Freeman School: Building Prairie Communities (80)
Reading 2: The Community's Experience-This page contains excerpts from taped interviews conducted by Park Rangers during a special event held at the Freeman School in 1973.
Iron Hill School: An African-American One-Room School (58)
Reading 3: Memories of Former Iron Hill School Students.
Minuteman Missile National Historic Site: Protecting a Legacy of the Cold War (128)
Reading 3: Silent Soldiers: Missileer Duty-This page contains an interview with former missileer Andy Knight.
New Kent School and the George W. Watkins School: From Freedom of Choice to Integration (104)
Reading 3: Perspectives on the New Kent County Experience-This page contains interviews with the president of New Kent's NAACP chapter, a student and teacher who were integrated into the school, and a senator who was the liaison between the NAACP and the NAACP's State Conference attorneys who argued the case.
The Selma to Montgomery Voting Rights March: Shaking the Conscience of the Nation (133)
Reading 2: Selma-This page contains oral histories taken in 1990 and 1991 from participants in the Selma to Montgomery voting rights marches of March 7, 9, and 21-25, 1965.
Thaw in the Cold War: Eisenhower and Khrushchev at Gettysburg (29)
Reading 2: Khrushchev Visits Eisenhower's Farm, September 26, 1959-This page contains interviews with Eisenhower's family members and General Andrew Goodpaster.
Thurmond: A Town Born from Coal Mines and Railroads (28)
Reading 2: Behind the Scenes-This page contains excerpts from interviews with workers.
The Trail of Tears and the Forced Relocation of the Cherokee Nation (118)
Reading 3: "Every Cherokee man, woman or child must be in motion..."-This page contains a recollection of a Cherokee man's grandmother's experience.
A Woman's Place Is In the Sewall-Belmont House: Alice Paul and Women's Rights (148)
Reading 3: Listening to History: "It Was All So Breathless"- This page contains an oral history with Butler Franklin, who was Alva Belmont’s niece.

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Personal Documents

America's Space Program: Exploring a New Frontier (101)
Reading 2: the Apollo Hardware-James Webb, Administrator of NASA from 1961 to 1968, describes the formidable task of facing the space agency in 1961.
An American Success Story: The Pope House of Raleigh, NC (124)
Reading 2: Jonas Elias Pope's Freedman's Papers.
Document 1: Dr. Pope's Voter Registration Card, 1902.
Reading 3: "My Autobiography" by Ruth Pope, 1939.
Back Stairs at Brucemore: Life as Servants in early 20th-Century America (105)
Document 1A: April 21 & 22, 1910-1914-This is a scan of Ella McDannel's diary.
Document 1B: October 22 & 23, 1910-1914-Another scan of Ella McDannel's diary.
Document 2A: Douglas account book pages--March 1924.
Document 2B: Douglas account book pages--August.
The Battle of Glorieta Pass: A Shattered Dream (91)
Reading 2: Combatant's Accounts-This page contains the recollection of Sergeant Peticolas, who recorded the call Colonel Scurry's troops answered to march to the support of Major Pyron at Apache Canyon the evening of Wednesday, March 26, 1862 and Ovando J. Hollister's description of the forced winter march by the Colorado Volunteers from Denver to Fort Union to meet the advancing Confederate forces.
The Battle of Oriskany: "Blood Shed a Stream Running Down" (79)
Homepage-This page contains an excerpt from a letter written to Gov. George Clinton describing the distress in Mohawk Valley, New York.
Reading 1: Growing Tensions in Central New York-This page contains excerpts from two letters describing the tension between settlers in New York.
Reading 2: The Battle of Oriskany-This page contains a short description of the battle from Seneca chief Blacksnake.
Reading 3: Effects of the Battle of Oriskany-This page contains part of a letter Pierre Van Cortland wrote to Governor George Clinton about the failing British strategy to capture New York.
The Battle of Prairie Grove: Civilian Recollections of the Civil War (70)
Reading 1: The Recollections of Julia West Pyeatt.
The Battle of Stones River: The Soldiers' Story (40)
Homepage-This contains a brief description of the severity of the battle.
Reading 1: The Soldiers and the Battle of Stones River-This page contains excerpts from the personal papers of Union and Confederate soldiers describing the battle.
Bethlehem, Pennsylvania: A Moravian Settlement in Colonial America (59)
Homepage-This page contains remarks from Marquis de Chastellux about his impressions of seeing the settlement.
Birthplace of John F. Kennedy: Home of the Boy Who Would Be President (33)
Document 1: JFK's Health Card.
Boston's Arnold Arboretum: A Place for Study and Recreation (56)
Reading 2: Olmstead's Views on Parks-This page contains an excerpt of Frederick Law Olmstead's response to Chas. S. Sargent.
Reading 3: Arnold Arboretum Becomes a Reality-This page contains an excerpt from Chas. S. Sargent's, The First Fifty Years of the Arnold Arboretum.
Chatham Plantation: Witness to the Civil War (45)
Reading 1: The Impact of the Civil War of Chatham-A New York soldier recalls the occupation of Chatham.
Reading 2: Chatham at the Center of Military Activities-A Union soldier recalls the harsh winter spent in Chatham.
Reading 3: Chatham as Hospital-This contains excerpts from Walt Whitman's personal papers when he went to Chatham to find his brother.
Chicago's Columbus Park: The Prairie Idealized (81)
Homepage: This page contains an excerpt from Jens Jensen's letter to the West Park Commission in 1917.
Reading 2: Columbus Park--The Prairie Idealized-This page contains part of a letter Jensen sent to the West Park Commission.
Choices and Commitments: The Soldiers at Gettysburg (44)
Reading 2: Perspectives of Participants in the Battle-This page contains excerpts from the personal papers of both Union and Confederate soldiers describing the battle.
Clara Barton's House: Home of the American Red Cross (27)
Reading 3: The Woman Who Went to the Field-This page contains a poem Clara Barton wrote as a toast to women who served in the Civil War.
"Comfortable Camps?" Archeology of the Confederate Guard Camp at the Florence Stockade (142)
Personal Documents: Reading 2: Life as a Prisoner of War-This page contains an excerpt from the writings of Ezra Ripple of the 52nd Pennsylvania Infantry.
Personal Documents: Reading 3: The Confederate Guards-This page contains quotes from the writings of Second Lieutenant Thomas J. Eccles of the 3rd South Carolina State Reserves. Eccles wrote about the war for a newspaper.
Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park: Where the Wright Brothers Conquered the Air (111)
Reading 1: From Inspired Youth to Inventors-This page contains excerpts of the Wright Brothers talking about their childhood.
Reading 3: From Bicycles to Airplanes-There is an excerpt from Wilbur Wright explaining what inspired the brothers to build their own plane.
Decatur House: A Home of the Rich and Powerful (19)
Reading 3: To Duel or Not to Duel-This page contains excerpts from several letters exchanged between Commodores Barron and Decatur in the months before their duel.
First Battle of Manassas: An End to Innocence (12)
Reading 1: The Last Letter of Major Sullivan Ballou.
Reading 2: The Letters of J.W. Reid.
Reading 3: Some Events Connected with the Life of Judith Carter Henry-This page is an adaptation taken from an unpublished manuscript, "Some Events Connected with the Life of Judith Carter Henry," from the files of Manassas National Battlefield Park.
First Lady of the World: Eleanor Roosevelt at Val-Kill (26)
Reading 1: Eleanor Roosevelt at Val-Kill-This page contains excerpts from Eleanor Roosevelt's autobiography.
Reading 2: Goodwill Ambassador to the World-This page contains an excerpt from Eleanor Roosevelt's autobiography.
Fort Morgan and the Battle of Mobile Bay (73)
Reading 3: Personal Account of the Battle of Mobile Bay by Harrie Webster, Third Assistant Engineer, USS Manhattan.
From Canterbury to Little Rock: The Struggle for Educational Equality for African Americans
Reading 2: All Eyes on Little Rock Central High-A memoir written by Melba Pattillo Beals, one of the Little Rock Nine about her experience.
Going-to-the-Sun Road: A Model of Landscape Engineering (95)
Reading 1: Surveying Going-to-the-Sun Road-Frank Kittredge, a highway engineer for the Bureau of Public Roads, was asked to survey a possible route crossing the Continental Divide at Logan Pass. In this reading Kittredge remembers his seven weeks' work.
"The Great Chief Justice" at Home (49)
Reading 4: John Marshall on "My Dearest Polly"-This is an essay Marshall about his wife.
Harry Truman and Independence, Missouri: "This is Where I Belong" (103)
Drawing 1: Harry Truman's Independence-This page contains a quote from Harry Truman's autobiography about his return to Missouri after his presidency.
Herbert Hoover: Iowa Farm Boy and World Humanitarian (34)
Reading 3: Feeding the Children-This page contains an excerpt from The Memoirs of Herbert Hoover, Years of Adventure, 1874-1920.
"The Honor of Your Company is Requested": Lincoln's Second Inaugural Ball at the Patent Office (143)
Reading 2: Temple of Invention-This page contains an excerpt from a letter Patent Commissioner Henry Ellsworth wrote to Senator John Ruggles on December 18, 1840.
Reading 3: Lincoln’s Inaugural Ball in 1865-This page contains an excerpt from Walt Whitman’s reflection of seeing the hall being prepared for the ball.
Iron Hill School: An African-American One-Room School (58)
Reading 2: Progressive School Architecture-This page contains an essay written by James Oscar Betelle, the school architect hired by du Pont.
Johnson Lake Mine: Mining for Tungsten in Nevada's Snake Range (110)
Reading 1: The Mining Rush in White Pine County-This page contains an excerpt from a letter written by John Curtis, a miner, describing the mine.
The Joseph Bellamy House: The Great Awakening in Puritan New England (85)
Reading 2: Joseph Bellamy-This contains an excerpt of the diary of Ezra Stiles.
Keys Ranch: Where Time Stood Still (65)
Reading 3: Excerpts from Emerson's Essay "Self-Reliance".
The Lewis and Clark Expedition: Documenting the Uncharted Northwest (108)
Homepage-This page contains an excerpt from William Clark's journal on May 13, 1804.
Reading 2: Lemhi Pass and Lolo Trail-This page contains excerpts from the journals of Lewis, Clark, and Joseph White (expedition member).
Reading 3: Wintering on the West Coast-This page contains excerpts from the journals of Clark and Patrick Gass (expedition member).
Reading 4: The Lemhi Shoshone and Coastal Tribes-This page contains multiple journal entries from Lewis.
The Liberty Bell: From Obscurity to Icon (36)
Reading 1: The Growth of a Symbol-This page contains the remarks of an observer regarding the rising prominence of the Liberty Bell in the mid-nineteenth century.
Liberty Ships and Victory Ships, America's Lifeline in War (116)
Homepage-There is a quote from General Dwight D. Eisenhower on National Maritime Day, 1945.
Life on an Island: Early Settlers Off the Rock-Bound Coast of Maine (16)
Document 1: Samuel Hadlock VI's Ledger, 1809-1812.
Document 2: Edwin Hadlock's Journal.
Reading 3: The Lighthouse Letter-This is a copy of the letter William Gilley received appointing him keeper of the newly built lighthouse on Baker Island.
Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial: Forging Greatness during Lincoln's Youth (126)
Reading 4: The Youth of Indiana Becomes the President of the United States-This page contains various quotes from President Lincoln.
Illustrations 1 and 2: Lincoln's sum book pages.
Little Kinnakeet Lifesaving Station: Home to Unsung Heroes (57)
Reading 3: Personal Testimonies.
The M'Clintock House: A Home to the Women's Rights Movement (76)
Reading 2: American Women in the Mid-19th Century-This page contains an excerpt from Elizabeth Cady Stanton's book, Eighty Years & More: Reminiscences, 1815-1897, discussing the frustrating and exhausting life of a middle-class woman.
Memories of Montpelier: Home of James and Dolley Madison (46)
Map 1: Virginia and the Chesapeake Bay Region-This page has excerpts from visitors personal papers describing Montpelier.
Reading 1: Daily Life at Montpelier-This page contains recollections from various visitors to Montpelier.
Reading 2: Slavery at Montpelier-This page contains recollections from various visitors to Montpelier.
Reading 3: James and Dolley Madison at Montpelier-This page contains recollections from various visitors to Montpelier.
Mount Auburn Cemetery: A New American Landscape (84)
Reading 2: The Landscape--Art and Nature-This page contains an observer's description of Mount Auburn.
Reading 3: A Place for the Living--Leisure, Learning, and Mourning-This page contains an excerpt from a letter 16-year old Emily Dickinson wrote to a friend with her impressions of Mount Auburn.
A Nation Repays Its Debt: The National Soldiers' Home and Cemetery in Dayton, Ohio (115)
Homepage-This page contains brief descriptions of the Soldiers' Home.
Reading 4: "Bivouac of the Dead" by Theodore O'Hara-This is a poem written by a Confederate soldier.
The Octagon of Washington, D.C.: The House that Helped Build a Capital (151)
Reading 3: Life in The Octagon-A letter written by William Henry Tayloe (1799-1871), to his son Henry Augustine Tayloe (1836-1908).
Reading 4: The Octagon in Early D.C. -Benjamin Ogle Tayloe, eldest son of Colonel John Tayloe III, wrote the following excerpted paragraphs in 1864. They are part of his memoir.
The Old Mormon Fort: Birthplace of Las Vegas, Nevada (122)
Homepage-This contains an excerpt from John Steele's diary.
Document 1: John Steele's Letter.
Document 2: Helen Stewart's Letters.
Paterson, New Jersey: America's Silk City (102)
Reading 3: Owners and Workers-This page contains part of a recollection of Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, one of the IWW leaders.
"The Rocket's Red Glare": Francis Scott Key and the Bombardment of Fort McHenry (137)
Reading 2: Francis Scott Key and the Writing of "The Star Spangled Banner"-This page contains a description of Key's feelings when he realized Fort McHenry survived the bombardment and Baltimore was safe.
Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site: Home of a Gilded Age Icon (48)
Reading 2: Arrival at Cornish-Saint-Gaudens describes his arrival in Cornish.
Reading 4: Henry Adam's Reflection on the Adams Memorial-Writing in the third person, Henry Adams described his reaction to the statue he had commissioned in 1891 as a memorial to his wife, who had committed suicide.
Reading 5: A Letter to the President-President Theodore Roosevelt and Saint-Gaudens differed over the design image on the $10 and $20 gold coins for the U.S. currency.
Saratoga: The Tide Turns on the Frontier (93)
Reading 3: The Voices of Battle-This page contains excerpts from letters of soldiers on both sides of the battle.
Savannah, Georgia: The Lasting Legacy of Colonial City Planning (83)
Reading 1: Establishing Savannah-This page contains a letter James Oglethorpe wrote to the Trustees, February 10 and 20, 1733.
Reading 2: The City Plan and How It Was Built-This page contains an excerpt from the diary of Peter Gordon describing the effort required and length of tmie needed to construct the first four wards of James Oglethorpe's design.
The Siege and Battle of Corinth: A New Kind of War (113)
Reading 1: The Siege of Corinth-This page contains an excerpt of a letter a confederate soldier wrote to his wife about the siege.
Reading 2: The Battle of Corinth-This page contains excerpts of soldiers' accounts of the battle from both sides.
Putting It All Together-This page contains an excerpt from Ulysses S. Grant's diary about the siege.
The Siege of Port Hudson: "Forty Days and Nights in the Wilderness of Death" (71)
Reading 2: The Mule Diet at Port Hudson-This is a reprint of a Civil War veteran Howard C. Wright's experience of imprisonment at the surrender of Port Hudson. He wrote an account of the siege which was originally serialized as Port Hudson: Its History from an Interior Point of View in the Daily True Delta less than a month after the surrender.
Reading 3: The Account of Pvt. Henry T. Johns.
Reading 4: The Letters of John William DeForest.
Springwood: Birthplace and Home to Franklin D. Roosevelt (82)
Map 1: New York State and surrounding region-This page contains a description of the Hyde Park area by Roosevelt family friend, Olin Dows, in Franklin Roosevelt at Hyde Park.
Reading 1: Early Years and Influences-This page contains an excerpt from Dow's book explaining how the experiences of Roosevelt's early life at home as a protected, educated, and advantaged young man, in addition to his experiences in field, farm, and village shaped Franklin Roosevelt's experiences in public service.
These Honored Dead: The Battle of Rivers Bridge and Civil War Combat Casualties (94)
Homepage-This page contains an excerpt from the journal of a Union Lt. Colonel.
Reading 3: Casualties in the Battle of Rivers Bridge--The Soldiers' Accounts.
Thomas Jefferson's Plan for the University of Virginia: Lessons from the Lawn (92)
Reading 1: Education as the Keystone to the New Democracy-This page contains excerpts from several of Jefferson's writings sharing his views on public education.
Reading 2: Building the Academical Village-This page contains excerpts from Jefferson's writings about establishing a state university.
Reading 3: Jefferson's Philosophy of Education.
The Trail of Tears and the Forced Relocation of the Cherokee Nation (118)
Reading 1: The Cherokee Nation in the 1820s-This page contains an excerpt from the papers of Chief John Ross.
Reading 2: "You cannot remain where you now are..."-This page contains excerpts from a Cherokee Chief and a letter from President Jackson about the removal.
Reading 3: "Every Cherokee man, woman or child must be in motion..."-This page contains descriptions about the relocation.
Two American Entrepreneurs: Madam C.J. Walker and J.C. Penney
Reading 2: Meet James Cash Penney-This page contains a quote from "Fifty Years with the Golden Rule" written by J.C. Penney.
Weir Farm: Home of an American Impressionist (22)
Reading 1: A Truly American Impressionism-This contains an excerpts from letter J. Alden Weir wrote to his parents and John Ferguson Weir.
Reading 2: Impression of Weir's Farm-This contains a letter from John Ferguson Weir to J. Alden Weir and a letter from Albert Pinkham Ryder to J. Alden Weir.
Reading 3: Home is the Starting Place-This page contains an excerpt from a letter J. Alden Weir wrote to Alden Twachtman and an account of the farm from Joseph Pearson in a letter to Dorothy Weir Young.
Wheat Farms, Flour Mills, and Railroads: A Web of Interdependence (106)
Reading 2: The Bonanza Farms of North Dakota-This page contains excerpts from the diary of Mary Dodge Woodward, she helped her son manage a farm near Fargo in the 1880s.
Wright Brothers National Memorial: Site of the First Controlled Powered Flight (109)
Map 2: Kitty Hawk and Kill Devil Hills area-This page contains an excerpt from a letter an Outer Banks citizen wrote to Wilbur and Orville Wright.
Document 1: Excerpt from Orville Wright's Diary, December 17, 1903.
Woodrow Wilson: Prophet of Peace (14)
Reading 1: Wilson's Passion for the League of Nations-This page contains an excerpt from the memoir of Wilson's private physician taken from The Papers of Woodrow Wilson.

Lightning Lessons

Discover the Mary Ann Shadd Cary House (Lightning Lesson 1)
Reading 2: Excerpt from the writings of Mary Ann Shadd Cary (late 19th Century)- Undated description of Washington, D.C. as a gathering place for members of the African diaspora after the Civil War.

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Political Cartoons

An American Success Story: The Pope House of Raleigh, NC (124)
Illustration 1: "Scene on the Atlantic and N.C. Railroad. What Occurred When Negro Troops Were Travelling [sic] on that Railroad Under Republican Management."
Herbert Hoover: Iowa Farm Boy and World Humanitarian (34)
Cartoon 1a: As the twig is bent-the tree is inclined.
Cartoon 1b: That's all right, Mr. President. We can just shake hands with ourselves.
Iolani Palace: A Hawaiian Place of History, Power, and Prestige (161)
Reading 4: Letter from Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii to President William McKinley of the United States, Jun 7, 1897.
Lafayette Park: First Amendment Rights on the President's Doorstep (139)
Illustration 1: "The Temptation".
Martin Van Buren's "Return to the Soil" (39)
Cartoon 1: Depiction of Van Buren Taking the Blame for His Own and Jackson's Monetary Policies.
The M'Clintock House: A Home to the Women's Rights Movement (76)
Cartoon 1: Views of Women's Roles from a Woman's Perspective.
The Washington Monument: Tribute in Stone (62)
Cartoon 1: The Washington Monument during the Civil War.
Woodrow Wilson: Prophet of Peace (14)
Cartoon 1: "Three Little Elephants".

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Speeches

America's Space Program: Exploring a New Frontier (101)
Setting the Stage-This page contains an excerpt of John F. Kennedy's, "Urgent National Needs" speech, Congressional Record--House (May 25, 1961), 8276.
Birthplace of John F. Kennedy: Home of the Boy Who Would Be President (33)
Reading 3: Excerpts from John F. Kennedy's Inaugural Address.
Boston's Arnold Arboretum: A Place for Study and Recreation (56)
Reading 2: Olmstead's Views on Parks-This page contains an excerpt of Frederick Law Olmstead's address "Public Parks and the Enlargement of Towns," which he gave in Boston in 1870.
The Carlisle Indian Industrial School: Assimilation with Education after the Indian Wars (163)
Reading 1: Excerpts from "Kill the Indian, and Save the Man," 1892, presented by Richard Henry Pratt.
Choices and Commitments: The Soldiers at Gettysburg (44)
Reading 3: The Gettysburg Address, November 19, 1863.
The Emerald Necklace: Boston's Green Connection (86)
Homepage-This page contains an excerpt of Frederick Law Olmstead's address "Public Parks and the Enlargement of Towns," which he gave in Boston in 1870.
“The Greatest Dam in the World”: Building Hoover Dam (140)
Reading 3: Excerpts from President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Speech at the Dedication of Boulder Dam, Sept. 30, 1935.
"Journey from Slavery to Statesman": The Homes of Frederick Douglass (147)
Reading 4: Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness for Whom?– This page contains excerpts from several of Douglass’s speeches addressing the issue of slavery in the United States.
Lafayette Park: First Amendment Rights on the President's Doorstep (139)
Reading 3: President Wilson's Address to the Senate, Sept. 30, 1918.
Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial: Where Man and Memory Intersect (144)
Reading 1:Honoring Lincoln in Death-This page contains quotes from historian George Bancroft’s Funeral Oration in New York City’s Union Square-April 1865 and pastor Henry Ward Beecher's speech at Brooklyn’s Plymouth Church-April 1865.
Lincoln Home National Historic Site: A Place of Growth and Memory (127)
Reading 2: Excerpts from Key Lincoln Speeches.
Reading 3: Abraham Lincoln's Springfield Farewell Address-This account comes from the Daily State Journal
Tuesday, February 12, 1861.
"Making the Desert Bloom": The Rio Grande Project (141)
Reading 1: A selection quoted from President Theodore Roosevelt's State of the Union Address, December 3, 1901.
The Mary McLeod Bethune Council House: African American Women Unite for Change (135)
Reading 2: The National Council of Negro Women-This page contains excerpts of Bethune's addresses to various groups.
Minuteman Missile National Historic Site: Protecting a Legacy of the Cold War (128)
Reading 1: The Cold War Escalates-This page contains a portion of Eisenhower's State of the Union Address on January 9, 1958.
Mount Auburn Cemetery: A New American Landscape (84)
Homepage: This page contains an excerpt from "A Discourse on the Burial of the Dead," a speech delivered by Jacob Bigelow to the Boston Society for the Promotion of Useful Knowledge in 1831.
Reading 1: The Founding Vision--A "Garden of Graves"-This page contains a speech given by Joseph Story, Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court at the dedication of Mount Auburn Cemetery on September 24, 1831.
The Selma to Montgomery Voting Rights March: Shaking the Conscience of the Nation (133)
Reading 3: We Shall Overcome-This page contains an abridged version of President Lyndon Johnson Baines Johnson's nationally televised speech to a joint session of Congress on March 15, 1965.
Thaw in the Cold War: Eisenhower and Khrushchev at Gettysburg (29)
Reading 1: The Invitation to Nikita Khrushchev to visit the United States.
Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural Site: Birthplace of the Modern Presidency (77)
Reading 2: Roosevelt's First Presidential Proclamation-This page contains a quote taken from Roosevelt shortly before the inauguration and his first presidential proclamation in the Buffalo Courier and Buffalo (NY) Express, both from September 15, 1901.
Two American Entrepreneurs: Madam C.J. Walker and J.C. Penney
Reading 3: The Philosophies of Madam Walker and J.C. Penney: This page contains an excerpt from Madam Walker's address to the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Annual Conventions of the National Negro Business League in 1912 and 1913.
The United States Air Force Academy: Founding a Proud Tradition (114)
Homepage-This page contains part of the testimony of Harold E. Talbott, Secretary of the Air Force, U.S., Congress, House of Representatives, Hearings before the Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, 84th Congress, 1st session, 1955, 224.
A Woman's Place Is In the Sewall-Belmont House: Alice Paul and Women's Rights (148)
Reading 4: Excerpts from “Mrs. Wiley is Guest of Honor”- This page contains portions of a 1930 speech about the National Woman’s Party and its headquarters.
Woodrow Wilson: Prophet of Peace (14)
Reading 1: Wilson's Passion for the League of Nations-In his efforts to persuade Americans to support the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations, Woodrow Wilson addressed an audience in the City Auditorium of Pueblo, Colorado, on September 25, 1919.
Reading 2: The Collision of Ideals and Policies-This page contains excerpts from speeches given before the U.S. Senate by Senator Henry Cabot Lodge on August 12, 1919 and Senator William E. Borah on November 10, 1919.
Reading 3: Wilson's Final Campaign-This page contains a radio address Wilson gave from the library of his S Street home on the eve of Armistice Day, November 10, 1923.

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