Andrew Grove

  • Birth Date:September 2, 1936
  • Birth Place:Budapest, Hungary
  • Parents:Maria and George Gróf
  • Arrival in U.S.A.:New York, 1957
  • Naturalization Date:1962
  • Homes in U.S.A.:Los Altos, CA
  • Place of primary residence:Los Altos, CA

Businessman, Engineer, Author (1936–)

Hungarian born Andrew Stephen Grove (András István Gróf) escaped from Soviet occupied Hungary and ultimately helped in establishing one of the most successful technology companies, Intel Corporation.

Andrew Grove was born on September 2, 1936, the son of Maria, a bookkeeper, and George Gróf, a dairyman. When he was eight, the Nazis occupied Hungary. He and his mother took on false identities and were sheltered by friends. His father was taken by the Nazis to do forced labor, but was reunited with his family after the war. During the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, he decided to leave his home and escape into Austria, where he eventually made his way to the United States in 1957. His father gave him the name of a cousin in the United States. And Andrew, with little more than a knapsack, set out with two friends. They crossed the Austrian border by foot, made their way to Vienna, and received permission to go to America. There, he changed his name to Andrew S. Grove. Soon after arriving in the United States, in New York, in 1957, he met his future wife, Eva Kastan, who was a fellow refugee. They married in June 1958.

He graduated from the City College of New York in 1960 with a Bachelor of Chemical Engineering degree and received his Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley in 1963. Upon graduation, he joined the Research and Development Laboratory of Fairchild Semiconductor and became Assistant Director of Research and Development in 1967. One of the first things Grove did at Fairchild Semiconductor Research Laboratory was to help solve the problem of inconsistency in the responses of silicon chips to electricity. His work there made him familiar with integrated circuits, which would lead to the "microcomputer revolution" in the 1970s. In 1967, he wrote a college textbook about it, Physics and Technology of Semiconductor Devices.

In 1968, Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore co-founded Intel, after they and Andrew Grove left Fairchild Semiconductor. Andrew Grove joined on the day of its incorporation as Intel's third employee. Over the 30 years since its founding, the company's revenue increased from $2,672 in its first year, to $20.8 billion in 1997. By 1997 Intel controlled 85 percent of the world's PC chip market, and, in the early years of the 21st century, Intel microprocessors could be found in virtually every PC. Grove was Intel's president in 1979, its CEO in 1987, and its Chairman and CEO in 1997. He relinquished his CEO title in May 1998, but remained chairman of the board until November 2004. As CEO, he occupied a simple work cubicle at Intel, similar to those of his employees, which was a reflection of his open style of management, a style that fostered growth at Intel.He is considered the person most responsible for propelling the power of the microchip.

Grove wrote over 40 academic papers and holds several patents on semiconductor devices and technology. He taught a graduate course in semiconductor device physics at the University of California - Berkeley and at Stanford University Graduate School of Business, teaching a course called 'Strategy and Action in the Information Processing Industry'. Grove has also received honorary degrees from the City College of New York in 1985, Worcester Polytechnic Institute in 1989 and from Harvard University in 2000. He was Time Magazine's Man of the Year in 1997 and received the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers) Medal of Honor in 2000. In 2006, he donated $26 million to City College of New York. He was inducted into the California Hall of Fame in 2009.

Grove was also active in philanthropy and public advocacy with issues personal to him. Diagnosed with prostate cancer, he authored a 1996 cover story in Fortune that explained his decision to go through an unconventional, but ultimately successful treatment. He contributed to Parkinson's research and urged the medical community to more efficiently study the disease, from which he suffered. Grove passed away at 79 in 2016.

Grove and his wife, Eva, were together for 58 years and had two daughters.

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Last updated: March 5, 2017