Backcountry Trip Planning

Planning a backcountry trip is an involved process. These web pages should provide the information you need. Currently, we are unable to offer personal trip planning assistance. Please review the following information carefully. We encourage you to be self-reliant and responsible for your own experience.

If you are an experienced backpacker and you just want some suggestions for where to go, visit our Suggested Backcountry Trips!

If you are new to backpacking, here are some things to consider when planning your trip:

  • Evaluate Your Physical Ability: Are you used to hiking in steep mountain terrain with a loaded pack? How many miles and what elevation gain can you hike over multiple days? Be sure to gear your hike to the least-fit member of the group so that everyone can enjoy the trip.
  • What is Your Skill Level?: A highly skilled person will be able to read a topographic map, orienteer with map and compass, be able to find an appropriate pristine campsite if pre-existing sites are unavailable, properly hang a bear bag, know how to cook over a camp stove, bury human waste properly, and otherwise practice Leave No Trace principles.
    • If you are still learning these skills, contact the backcountry office for help in planning a beginner trip.
    • While physical ability should be geared to the least fit, skill level can apply to the most skilled if that person is prepared to teach others proper backcountry techniques. We would suggest at least one highly skilled person for every four beginners, with a backup plan in place if the highly skilled person is incapacitated.
    • If you are unfamiliar with these skills altogether, consider taking a class or traveling in a group with someone willing to teach you. There are many resources out there to help you learn. Backpacking classes may be offered at universities and from groups such as the Potomac Appalachian Trail Club (PATC).
  • Determine the Length of Your Trip: Give yourself plenty of time each day to arrive in and set up camp. If you will not have time to travel, hike, and set up camp before dark on the first day of your trip, consider spending your first night in a nearby campground, lodge, or motel. For your return journey, include some time to clean up your camp, pack up the car, and travel safely home.
    • Consider how many miles you plan to hike each day. For adults of average fitness, we suggest 1-4 miles on the first day, assuming you start by noon in the spring or summer, or by 10:00 a.m. in the late fall or winter. Then 6-8 miles each day thereafter. Know your limits and the limits of your companions.
  • Terrain and Vegetation: Shenandoah National Park has mostly steep, rocky, mountain terrain! While there are a few short, rolling hikes several miles long, if you go any distance, you'll be climbing and descending mountains. Finding campsites is often challenging. Areas that seem like promising camps on topographic maps could be covered in a briar patch or a dangerous snag such as a standing dead hemlock or oak. Identify several potential areas to camp and plan to give yourself more time than you think you'll need.

Suggested Backcountry Trips

The following trips itineraries are available as downloadable pdfs. We suggest that you print a copy of your selected itinerary and bring it with you along with a topographic map. Topographic maps are available from any of the visitor centers or online from the Shenandoah National Park Association or the Potomac Appalachian Trail Club (PATC).

Click here for a table of all the suggested backcountry trips we have compiled.

Still have questions?

We will try to staff a phone in our backcountry office on Fridays. There be a very high volume of calls, but we will try to answer and/or return your call: 540-999-3500 ext. 3720. Please be sure to review the information on our website before calling. Don't forget to check out the Backcountry Camping FAQs as well!

Last updated: June 26, 2020

Contact the Park

Mailing Address:

Shenandoah National Park
3655 U.S. Highway 211 East

Luray, VA 22835


(540) 999-3500

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