African American History in Salem

Salem and Essex County have a rich African American history. African Americans have played a vital role in the area’s economy, beginning in 1638 when the Salem-owned ship Desire carried the first slaves from the Caribbean to the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

As servants in the homes and on the farms of Essex County, skilled labor in the craftsman’s shops, and as sailors on the ships sailing from the coast of Massachusetts, free and enslaved African Americans were important to the work force in 17th and 18th century Essex County. In the mid-19th century, Essex County was a hotbed of anti-slavery and underground railroad activity. Black and white abolitionists from the county gained international support for the anti-slavery cause through speeches, poetry, newspaper articles, and songs. Some residents of the county were also active conductors on the Underground Railroad, and assisted many freedom seekers to find new homes in Canada.

Download these popular guidebooks to learn more about African American history in Salem and Essex county.

cover for booklet African American Heritage Sites in Salem

African American Heritage Sites in Salem (1.1 MB PDF) contains an overview of Salem’s African American history, then highlights seven sites that were important to the 19th century African-American community in Salem. Short biographies of some of the important members of that community, including Charlotte Forten and members of the Remond family, are also part of this booklet.

cover for Poets Shoemakers and Freedom Seekers: Abolitionists and the Underground Railroad in Essex County

Poets, Shoemakers, and Freedom Seekers (1 MB PDF) follows the routes that the Underground Railroad took through Essex County. The booklet highlights the people and places important to the work of the Underground Railroad in Essex County.

Last updated: October 12, 2016

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