February of 1783
February 4, 1783
George III issues Cornwall’s Proclamation of Cessation of Hostilities (which would later culminate, in September, with the Paris Peace Treaty), ending the American Revolution.
February 5, 1783
Sweden recognizes United States independence.
February 6, 1783
Spain ends its siege of Gibraltar.
March of 1783
March 15, 1783
General Washington denounces a threat by his officers to rebel against Congress.
April of 1783
April 15, 1783
Congress ratifies the preliminary peace treaty signed in November 1782.
April 17, 1783
Spanish soldiers defeat attacking British partisans at Fort Carlos (within present-day Arkansas Post National Memorial) during "Colbert’s Raid," the only Revolutionary War action in Arkansas.
April 19, 1783
Washington informs his troops that hostilities have ended.
May of 1783
May 30, 1783
The Pennsylvania Evening Post, the first American daily newspaper, begins publishing in Philadelphia.
June of 1783
June 16, 1783
Mutinous soldiers demanding back pay march on Philadelphia, sending Congress fleeing to Princeton, New Jersey.
July of 1783
July 2, 1783
Britain closes the West Indies to U.S. trade.
Sepetmber of 1783
September 3, 1783
The Paris Peace Treaty is signed in France, formally ending the war and recognizing United States independence. John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and John Jay represent the United States in signing the treaty. The treaty comprises nine articles that set national borders, establish fishing rights, enable payments between Britain and America, restore the rights and property of Loyalists, allow use of the Mississippi River by both British and Americans, and enable evacuation of British forces.
October of 1783
October 20, 1783
Congress votes to build a second “federal town” on the banks of the Potomac River, with plans to alternate sessions between there and Philadelphia.
October 23, 1783
Virginia emancipates slaves who fought for independence during the Revolutionary War.
November of 1783
November 3, 1783
The Continental Army disbands.
November 25, 1783
The British army evacuates from New York City, their last military position in the United States during the war.
December of 1783
December 4, 1783
General Washington bids farewell to his officers during an address at Fraunces Tavern in New York City.
December 23, 1783
Washington resigns as commander in chief of the Continental Army and retires to his home at Mount Vernon.
Also in 1783
The supreme court of Massachusetts declares that the 1780 state constitution abolished slavery by stating that all men were “born free and equal.”
The first map of the United States is produced.
Boston Magazine begins publication.
Noah Webster publishes the American Spelling Book and A Grammatical Institute of the English Language in an effort to standardize the American language.
The Empress of China is the first U.S.-flagged ship to visit China.
Harvard Medical School opens.
A postwar depression begins.