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An introduction to restoration genetics.

Donald A. Falk*
Eric Knapp**
Edgar O. Guerrant***
17 December 2001

1. Why is genetic diversity important?

a. Genotypes partly determine organisms' physical form and function.
b. Genetic diversity helps organisms cope with current environmental variability.
c. Diversity within populations reduces potentially deleterious effects of breeding among close relatives.
d. Genetic diversity is the primary basis for adaptation to future environmental uncertainty.

2. How is genetic diversity distributed in natural populations?

a. Monomorphic and polymorphic alleles.
b. Diversity within and among populations of a single species.
c. How is genetic variation detected and measured?

3. How do genetic questions enter into restoration?

a. Accuracy and functionality of restored populations.
b. Geographic location of source material for (re)introduction.
c. Sampling the diversity of source populations.
d. Genetic diversity within reintroduced populations.
e. Genetic diversity among reintroduced populations.

4. Resources.

a. Web sites and organizations.
b. Literature cited.

* Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, and Society for Ecological Restoration, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.
** US Geological Survey, Western Ecological Research Center, Three Rivers, CA.
*** Berry Botanic Garden, Portland, OR.