Table of Contents > Shrubs

Ilex laevigata

Ilex laevigata

Ilex laevigata

smooth winterberry

Photograph(s) by*: RHW, RHW


Height: 10-12'
Flowers: May-Jul.; white to cream
Fruit: Sept.-Feb.; red, scarlet; berry
Fall color: yellow

Conditions *

Light: Full sun Partial shade
Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: 4.5-6.5
Soil type: Clay Loamy Sandy Organic


wooded swamps, mostly at low altitude

Native to

Region: Coastal *
States: MD


Songbird Waterfowl Small mammal *
high wildlife value


berries provide winter bird food; prefers soil with a calcareous layer

 Publication by USFWS BayScapes Conservation Landscaping Program
Last updated: 1 October 2004