Table of Contents > Trees

Populus deltoidesPopulus deltoides

eastern cottonwood, Carolina poplar, southern cottonwood

Photograph(s) by*: UWI JK


Height: 75-100'
Spread: 50-100'
Flowers: Mar.-Apr.; red
Fruit: May-Jul.; yellow-green; capsule
Fall color: yellow

Conditions *

Light: Full sun
Moisture: Moist Wet
Soil pH: 5.2-7.3
Soil type: Clay Loamy Sandy


prefers moist situations along waterways but tolerates dry soils; most common on moist alluvial soils

Native to

Region: Piedmont *
States: MD PA NY WV VA


Songbird Waterfowl Small mammal *
high wildlife value


best used for naturalizing; grows fast but short lived

 Publication by USFWS BayScapes Conservation Landscaping Program
Last updated: 1 October 2004