Table of Contents > Herbaceous Emergents

Spartina alternifloraSpartina alterniflora

salt marsh or smooth cordgrass

Photograph(s) by*: USFWS


Height: 2-7'
Flowers: Jul.-Sept.

Conditions *

Light: Full sun
Moisture: Moist Wet
Soil pH: 5.4-7
Soil type: Clay Loamy Sandy
Salinity: 0-35 ppt


salt and brackish tidal marshes (mid-tide up to Mean High tide level)

Native to

Region: Coastal *
States: MD VA DE NY


Songbird Waterfowl Small mammal *


good for shore stabilization; important in seaside habitats; short form (<1.5 ft) found in irregularly flooded high marsh, tall form in regularly flooded low marsh; tolerates salinity to 35 ppt

 Publication by USFWS BayScapes Conservation Landscaping Program
Last updated: 1 October 2004