Industrial Leadership For The Preservation of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants

2003 Speaker Bios

Chaudhry Javed Ahmed
Chaudhry Javed Ahmed holds a Bachelors degree in Forestry, M.S. in Botany and a Ph.D. in Range Science. He worked in the forestry department in Pakistan for 14 years and then moved on to work in non-governmental organizations, including five years in the Aga Khan Rural Support Program, a community development program in Northern Pakistan. He joined The World Conservation Union (IUCN) in Pakistan in 1995 as head of the Natural Resources Program and provided leadership for the design and successful implementation of two large development projects; Biodiversity Conservation in Pakistan with Rural Community Development and Environmental Rehabilitation of Uplands. He was an active member of the Global Support Team of the Sustainable Use Initiative (SUI) of IUCN. Established in 1995 under the aegis of IUCN's Species Survival Commission, the mission of SUI is to conserve biological diversity for the benefit of people by developing an understanding of sustainable use, disseminating findings through a global network, and demonstrating sustainable use through field projects. There are 17 regional Sustainable Use Specialist Groups, and Dr. Ahmed was responsible for the formation of and technical support of regional groups for central Asia, and South Asia. In 1999, he was appointed head of the newly created Regional Sustainable Use Program of IUCN Asia where he worked until June 2002. He also provided technical support to the country program of IUCN in Asia.

Mark Blumenthal
Mark Blumenthal is the Founder and Executive Director of the American Botanical Council (ABC); an independent, nonprofit organization dedicated to disseminating accurate, reliable, and responsible information on herbs and medicinal plants. He is the Editor/Publisher of HerbalGram, an international, peer-reviewed quarterly journal, the contents of which reflect the educational goals of ABC. He is also an Adjunct Associate Professor of Medicinal Chemistry at the University of Texas at Austin, College of Pharmacy, teaching a course on herbal products in today’s pharmacy. Mark has served as Co-Founder and former Vice-President of the Herb Research Foundation (HRF) and President of the Herb Trade Association, the former organization that represented the interest of the herb industry in the 1970’s. He was also a founding board member of the American Herbal Products Association (AHPA). Recently, his name appeared with some of the most prestigious names in the natural health movement when he was awarded Natural Health Magazine’s Hall of Fame Award for “opening America’s eyes to the healing powers of herbs”. He is the senior editor of the English translation of The Complete German Commission E Monographs-Therapeutic Guide to Herbal Medicines, a rational system for evaluating the safety and efficacy of herbal medicines. This publication was ranked second of the medical books published in 1998. Mark is the senior editor of The ABC Clinical Guide to Herbs, a new reference work and continuing education module. Mark has over 25 years experience with herbs, medicinal plants and natural products. He has appeared on over 400 radio or television shows, written over 500 articles for such publications as Whole Foods, Health Food Business, Let’s Live, Vegetarian Times, and Natural Health (formerly East West Journal). He has written chapters for natural alternative medicine encyclopedias, and was an advisor for the World Health Organization (WHO) in its adaptation of the “Guidelines for the Assessment of Herbal Medicines.” Mark is a sought-after and frequent speaker and/or panelist at conferences, universities, and pharmaceutical, natural foods, botanical and agricultural associations. In addition, he has been a leader in the concerns for more rational regulations of herbal and natural product manufacturing, and education on alternative medicines.

Josef Brinckmann
With 25 years professional experience in the medicinal herb trade, Josef Brinckmann presently serves as Vice President of Research & Development for Traditional Medicinals in Sebastopol, California, and as Consultant on Market Intelligence for Medicinal Plants for the International Trade Centre (ITC) of the United Nations in Geneva, Switzerland. Recently also serving as a Market Analyst for the UN’s BIOTRADE Facilitation Programme, Josef prepared a US Market Brief 2003 on The US Market for Natural Ingredients with Highlights on Selected Andean Products, and in 2002 he served as an international trade consultant for Agriculture-Led Export Businesses in Giza, Egypt, where he consulted the Egyptian Society for the Producers, Manufacturers & Exporters of Medicinal Aromatic Plants. Josef prepares the ITC’s quarterly Market News Service for Medicinal Plants & Extracts, contributes conference and market reports to HerbalGram, The Journal of the American Botanical Council, and is a member of the editorial board of The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine.

James L. Chamberlain III
Dr. Chamberlain, a Research Scientist with the U.S. Forest Service, Southern Research Station, focuses his attention on the social and economic dynamics that affect management of forest resources for non-timber products and the livelihoods of people who harvest, trade and use these products. Jim’s research includes defining and estimating the breadth and depth of the non-timber forest products (NTFP) industry in the southern United States, as well as developing protocols to monitor the NTFP markets. His Ph.D. dissertation focused on understanding the attitudes and perceptions of forest mangers concerning the management of national forests of eastern United States for these products. He has dedicated much of the last 20 years on rural development forestry issues, including incorporating non-timber forest products into agroforestry in less developed areas of the world, including most countries in South and Southeast Asia, and more recently Appalachia.

Akash Chopra
Dr. Chopra trained at London University in the United Kingdom and the University of British Columbia in Canada as an organic chemist specializing in Carotenoids, Vitamin A and Vitamin B12. He has had extensive commercial experience throughout the world and has spent years studying the growing, processing, and marketing of extracts. Akash is currently the Chairman of the Biosys Group UK with special responsibilities for Southern Africa (South Africa, Malawi and Mozambique), India (Western Himalayas), Nepal and Romania. The Biosys Group UK is committed to long-term sustainable development, actively making a significant difference in the lives of all the people associated with production, support and marketing for Biosys, continued beneficial scientific research using its own staff and existing contractual relationships with R&D institutions, developing technological solutions to ensure that both commercial and emerging farmers are globally competitive, high standards of control using the latest chemical analysis technologies and data management, encouraging low input agriculture with a strong focus on organic certification, and using fair procurement. These emphases result in the transfer of wealth from the western consumer to the rural economies in a traceable and transparent manner, a positive profit and loss and balance sheet for all the stakeholders, and a company that makes a sustainable difference at all stages of the business process.

Dominique Conseil
Dominique Conseil joined Aveda as President on July 1, 2000. As such, he sees himself as having a dual purpose: to aggressively cultivate Aveda's business globally - which includes a selective network of salons, spas, schools and retail stores - while demonstrating to business leaders that ecological and profit goals are mutually achievable. "Nature works," is his mantra. Working closely with Aveda founder, Horst Rechelbacher, Dominique continues to realize the company's original vision of connecting beauty, well-being and the environment.

Tis Mal Crow
Tis Mal Crow of Cherokee and Hitchiti descent, has been working with tribal elders since childhood studying the medicinal uses of plants and traditional native root doctoring techniques. Tis Mal Crow has been teaching herbal classes and workshops for over 20 years. He works with other indigenous healers and herbal groups internationally to promote the medicinal uses of herbs and is working for the conservation of the wild habitat needed to sustain the growth of medicinal herbs.

Patricia De Angelis
Patricia De Angelis is a botanist with the Division of Scientific Authority of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. As such, she has focused on the diverse issues concerning native (i.e. black cohosh) and non-native (i.e. mahogany) plant species, whose natural populations are influenced by international trade. In May 2003, she became Chair of the Plant Conservation Alliance-Medicinal Plant Working Group. In this capacity, she hopes to review the accomplishments and direction of the group in the struggle to balance the human need for medicinal plants and the ecological need for their conservation. Patricia obtained her Ph.D. from the University of Maryland in 2000. Her doctoral thesis, Miskito Indian Ethnobotany in Northeastern Nicaragua, serves as the first purely ethnobotanical assessment of everyday plant usage amongst the largest indigenous group in Nicaragua.

Jeanie DeArmond
Jeanie DeArmond has been working at Kansas State University Extension in Manhattan, Kansas for the last 3 years on a medicinal herb propagation research trial looking for alternative crops for organic farmers. She grows all the herbs for the trials, plants them in KSU field trials and collects data on yield, insects, diseases and cultivation. Jeanie is the Secretary of the Great Plains Medicinal Herb Growers Association (GPMHGA) and hopes to become involved with marketing herbs as GPMHGA work progresses on the formation of a co-op where growers will be able to sell their product. At the same time, she is pursuing a Landscape Design/Horticultural Therapy degree at Kansas State University. Jeanie also owns a small landscape company in Manhattan, Kansas called Wild Things.

Colin Donohue
Colin Donohue, Director of Rural Action's Conservation-Based Development Program and Principal Investigator for the Appalachian Forest Resource Center, has worked with Rural Action for over 7 years. He has been responsible for program development and management with Rural Action, Antioch College's Environmental Field Program, and Vermont Youth Conservation Corps. Colin has served on the board of directors of the National Network of Forest Practitioners and the advisory board of the National Center for Preservation of Medicinal Herbs, and the Executive Committee of the National Community Forestry Research Center. He has served as a process consultant and performed medicinal herb market research for a Small Business Innovation and Research (SBIR) project of Understory Inc., an area business focusing on Special Forest Products. He was also responsible for developing a program that has worked with over 2000 current and prospective growers of non-timber forest products. He has presented papers and lectured at the Who Owns America II land tenure conference at U. W. Madison, the National Town Meeting for a Sustainable America and numerous other conferences as well as at Hocking College School of Natural Resources and Ohio State University Department of Forestry. Colin’s work experience has included both "in the field" work such as landscaping and herding sheep and goats as well as non-profit management activities including writing, program development and community organizing.

Trish Flaster
Trish Flaster is the CEO/President of Botanical Liaisons, an ethnobotanical consulting firm supporting international botanical sourcing, sustainable development of botanical ingredients, development and implementation of botanical quality assurance programs, and product development. She collaborates with scientists on all continents. She worked for Shaman Pharmaceuticals as their Botanical Sourcing Manager where she was the ethnobotanist on their international ethnobotanical expeditions, expanded their sustainable international agricultural programs, and developed their in-house botanical program. Prior to this she was the Botanist for Celestial Seasonings where she implemented the first herbarium in the herb industry, developed new ingredient sourcing, expanded sustainable agricultural programs, developed several quality control analytical test procedures, provided in-house employee training, founded their corporate environmental program, and designed and implemented the herb garden. Trish frequently gives lectures, writes articles and participates in symposia. She is a Research Associate of the Missouri Botanical Garden, and founder and Editor of the Society for Economic Botany's Newsletter, Plants and People.

Edward J. Fletcher
Edward J. Fletcher is the Chief Operating Officer of Strategic Sourcing, Inc. specializing in the supply of cultivated and sustainably harvested Medicinal Botanicals. He learned this business from the roots up, propagating and growing Native American wildflowers in his family's ornamental nursery business, Gardens of The Blue Ridge. As Cultivation Manager for Wilcox Natural Products, he developed and managed the cultivation program for plants used in the medicinal botanical trade and built the department into what many in the consider the best in the Industry. Mr. Fletcher speaks often at industry related events internationally. He currently serves on AHPA's Raw Materials Committee as Chairperson, the Advisory Council of the National Center for the Preservation of Medicinal Herbs, and the Botanical Advisory Panel of United States Pharmacopeia.

Peter Furth
Peter Furth is the CEO of FFF Associates, Inc., an international trade consulting firm specializing in importing, international trade, and agricultural development. Peter provides FFF’s clients with over 25 years of knowledge of the food industry, having worked for many years in his family’s business, which was one of the premier herb and spice importing and processing companies in the United States. In addition, he served for almost four years as the Executive Vice President and CEO of the American Spice Trade Association (ASTA), one of the world’s leading trade associations dealing with herbs and spices. Peter oversees and manages FFF’s work as a prime subcontractor to IFDC, a United States based International NGO, under their contracts with the U.S. Agency for International Development (US AID) and the U.S. Forest Service, assisting the Herbs and Spices Cluster in Albania. In addition, he represents TIMTAS in Turkey and various other international companies for their sales and marketing efforts in the United States. Peter has published many studies, publications, articles, and speeches dealing with various aspects of the herb and spice industry. He has an M.B.A. from New York University and a B.A. with Distinction in Economics from the University of Rochester.

Roddy Gabel
Roddy Gabel is the Chief of the Division of Scientific Authority (DSA) in the International Affairs Program of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS). DSA serves as the U.S. Scientific Authority for the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), and as such, provides technical support for the U.S. CITES program, including biological assessments of the impact of trade on wildlife and plants, for the issuance of permits for listed species and for the development of listing proposals. DSA also has responsibility for the listing of foreign species under the U.S. Endangered Species Act, conducts a program to evaluate wildlife species in trade that may become invasive in the United States, and generally provides scientific and technical advice on policy and regulatory issues for FWS and the Department of the Interior. Roddy has worked in FWS for 23 years, with 12 years in DSA, the last 2 years as Chief. His background includes endangered species research and propagation prior to arriving in DSA. He has a particular interest in orchid conservation and is a member of the IUCN Orchid Specialist Group and on the American Orchid Society's Conservation Committee.

Philip Guillery
Philip Guillery is a forester who has worked to link communities and conservation for the last 15 years. Most recently, Phil has served as the founder and director of the Community Forestry Resource Center, a program of the Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy (IATP) in Minneapolis. A focus of his work has been on the development of meaningful markets for certified forest products. As part of his work, Phil has been an active member of the Forest Stewardship Council and is closely involved with FSC governance and policy making in the U.S. and internationally. Previously, Phil worked in the Solomon Islands and Madagascar with indigenous people developing community-based conservation programs. He has also co-authored a number of articles on the economics and marketing of responsible forest products in leading journals such as Science and Conservation Biology. Phil holds an M.S. in Forestry (1993), an M.A. in Extension Education (1993) from the University of Minnesota and a B.S. in Science Education (1985) from the University of Wisconsin.

Tony Hayes
Tony Hayes is President of Ridge Runner Trading Company which offers plant based products and services. He received his grass roots education by traveling the backroads and byways of the Appalachia from Pennsylvania to Alabama, buying ginseng and a variety of other roots, barks, leaves and plant parts as a purchasing agent. He worked at Wilcox Drug Company to expand the firm's ginseng market and purchasing of other domestic botanicals, eventually becoming a Materials Manager responsible for purchasing and production of over 100 species. Tony's work in the industry has involved travel across the globe supplying American Ginseng and buying other botanicals. He has been active in industry groups such as the North American Ginseng Association, Ginseng Research Institute, Botanical Industry Council, American Herbal Products Association, and Herb Research Foundation. He currently serves on the Board of Directors of the North Carolina Natural Products Association.

David Hircock
David Hircock is a pharmacognocist and medical herbalist with extensive experience in complementary and alternative medicines and environmental sciences, which he now applies to his work for Aveda, where he has consulted as a global sourcer and environmental watchdog since 1996. His work has ranged from investigating the next generation of herbal and aromatic products to being part of team that designed the first honours degree course for herbal medicine in the UK. Mr. Hircock also works with Native American elders and several International Scientific and Agricultural Research Stations on sustainable and traceable ingredient sourcing initiatives. He is a contributing editor to Organic Style magazine on topics ranging from global climate change to sustainable farming.

Kathryn Kennedy
Dr. Kathryn Kennedy joined the Center for Plant Conservation (CPC) as its President and Executive Director in 2000. CPC coordinates and assists development of hands-on plant conservation programs in a national network of 32 participating institutions. Kathryn directs CPC’s work from the national office in St. Louis, ensuring technical and financial development for the organization and its institutions, coordinating with and assisting state and federal agencies, and serving as an advocate and spokesperson for plant conservation in the U.S. She came to CPC after 20 years working in conservation in Texas including 9 years as a recovery botanist with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in Austin. Previously she had worked for the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department in recovery planning and rare plant monitoring, and was one of the first employees at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildlflower Center. Kathryn completed her doctorate in Botany studying systematics and evolution at the University of Texas, an M.S. with an emphasis in plant community ecology at New Mexico State University, and a Bachelors degree in zoology with an emphasis in animal ecology at the University of Nebraska at Lincoln.

Dr. David Kiefer
David Kiefer, M.D., is a board-certified family physician and a research and clinical fellow at the Program in Integrative Medicine at the University of Arizona in Tucson, Arizona. Dr. Kiefer graduated from the University of Wisconsin Medical School in Madison, Wisconsin, and completed his residency training at the Swedish Medical Center in Seattle, Washington. His research and teaching activities are in the areas of herbal medicine, conservation biology, and ethnobotany. He is also interested in increasing awareness amongst health care practitioners for the many issues (i.e. sociocultural factors, endangered/threatened species, etc.) that are related to the field of medicinal plants, as well as the fact that botanical medicines can be useful, effective and proven adjuvants to conventional allopathic treatments.

Ann Koontz
Ann Koontz, President of Enterprise, Environment and Social Impact Consulting (E2SIC), has worked with forest communities in developing countries for over 15 years implementing management plans that balance biodiversity conservation and local economic development. Prior to E2SIC, Ms. Koontz was Program Director for EnterpriseWorks Worldwide, where for 10 years she managed their nontimber forest products (NTFP) program that worked with community forestry in Nepal, the Philippines, Indonesia, India, and parts of Africa and Latin America. As a consultant, Ms. Koontz continues to manage EnterpriseWorks' "enterprise-based biodiversity conservation" portfolio. Ms. Koontz holds an M.B.A. from The George Washington University and a B.A. in International Relations from Stanford University.

Beth Lambert
Beth Lambert is the Chief Executive Officer of Herbalist & Alchemist, a company whose products are made from organically grown or ethically wild-crafted botanicals, and the President of Blueberry Health, a technology transfers partnership of NJ Blueberry growers, Rutgers University and Herbalist & Alchemist. She serves as Chairman of the Board of the American Herbal Products Association and chairs its Education Committee. Beth has an M.B.A. from Harvard Business School and is a former Managing Director of the Investment Banking firm, PaineWebber. She has also been an Adjunct Professor at Cook College, Rutgers University and an organic farmer of medicinal herbs.

Lynda E. LeMole
Lynda LeMole has been an herb industry professional since 1982 and has worked in the natural products industry since 1972. Currently she is Executive Director of United Plant Savers, a nonprofit education corporation dedicated to preserving native North American medicinal plants and their habitats. From 1982-2002, she was President and co-owner of Traditional Medicinals (as Lynda Sadler), one of the oldest and most progressive medicinal herb tea companies in North America. During 1986-1990, she served as President of the American Herbal Products Association (AHPA) and has also been active as a member of AHPA’s Board of Trustees and Chair of various committees. She holds a B.S. from Cornell University with graduate studies in nutrition from Texas Women’s University. Lynda is the recipient of several natural industry awards, most recently Natural Business 2000 “Leadership in Business Award.” For the past two decades, she has lectured, published and been featured on a variety of talk radio shows as an advocate of herbal medicine and the social responsibility of green business.

Kathryn A. Lynch
Kathryn Lynch has been involved in natural resource research for the past twelve years, and is currently a research partner with the Institute for Culture and Ecology, a nonprofit research and education organization based in Portland, OR. She earned her Ph.D. from the University of Florida and her interests include: community-based natural resource management; the role of medicinal plants in Amazonian conservation and development; gender analysis and natural resource management; natural resource conflict resolution; and engaged environmental education. She has a strong commitment to participatory, collaborative and interdisciplinary approaches in both her research and teaching. She is currently involved in a national study of the relationships between forest policy and management, conservation of biodiversity, and nontimber forest products--which include medicinals and aromatic plants.

Michael McGuffin
Michael McGuffin is President of the American Herbal Products Association. He has been active in the herbal industry since 1975, having owned and managed both retail and manufacturing businesses in this field. He is the Managing Editor of Botanical Safety Handbook (1997) and of Herbs of Commerce, 2nd edition (2000). He also serves as Treasurer of the American Herbal Pharmacopoeia, as a Board member of United Plant Savers and of the Dietary Supplement Education Alliance, and as Chair of the Industry Committee of the Plant Conservation Alliance/Medicinal Plant Working Group.

Jerry L. McLaughlin
Jerry L. McLaughlin (B.S, M.S., Ph.D., R.Ph.) is Vice President of Research and Development, Quality Assurance, and Chief Scientific Officer at Nature’s Sunshine Products in Spanish Fork, Utah. He previously taught for 34 years as a Professor of Pharmacognosy with the final 28 years at Purdue University. His research on natural medicinal products, supported for over 20 years by the National Cancer Institute, resulted in over 330 publications, and his group is credited with the identification of over 350 plant-derived antitumor agents. Some 200 of these compounds are powerful (ATP-depleting) acetogenins from the plant family Annonaceae. At Nature's Sunshine Products over the past four years he has directed the development of paw paw (Asiminia triloba) extracts into supplement products for the control of pests, microbes, parasites, and abnormal cells (cancer). These products will approach two million dollars in retail sales in 2003 and have created a demand for a new agricultural commodity (paw paw twigs). He holds several patents, honors, and awards that recognize his research achievements in the area of natural medicinal products.

Dr. Mary Melnyk
Dr. Mary Melnyk is Senior Advisor for Natural Resource Management in the Asia and Near East Bureau at USAID through an agreement with the US Department of Agriculture. She has worked over the last 14 years on community development and forest conservation throughout Latin America and Asia. Her Ph.D. is in ecological management from Imperial College in London. Her work on non-timber forest products began by collaborating with the International Institute for Environment and Development on the research project, The Hidden Harvest: Wild Foods and Agricultural Systems. She also performed field research in Venezuela that quantified the economic and nutritional values of forest foods to rural livelihoods. Currently she has designed and facilitated public-private sector alliances linking environmentally-sustainable and socially-responsible products to markets.

Alan R. Pierce
Alan R. Pierce is an independent scholar specializing in non-timber forest products and forest policy analysis. Over the past ten years, he has worked as a consultant with the World Wide Fund for Nature - U.K., the Rainforest Alliance, the U.S. Forest Service, The Wilderness Society and the Forest Stewardship Council. His most recent research focuses on standards for promoting environmental sustainability and social equity in the medicinal plant trade, and the subsistence use of forest resources in the United States. Alan is a co-editor of Tapping the Green Market: Certification and Management of Non-Timber Forest Products (Earthscan, 2002) and has published a number of articles on non-timber forest products and standards for medicinal plants. Alan holds an M.S. in forestry from the University of Vermont, where he focused his studies on American ginseng, and is currently a doctoral student at Antioch New England Graduate School.

Teresa Prendusi
Teresa Prendusi
has been the Regional Botanist for the Intermountain Region of the U.S. Forest Service since 1996. She began her federal career as a Phenologist for the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) in Price, UT in 1979. Since then, Teresa has had the exceptional fortune to work as a Botanist in many of the great floristic provinces of the West. Her BLM experience included 5 years as the BLM District Botanist in Bakersfield, CA where she administered a program that included over 250 rare plants (15 of which were federally listed) on public lands within 32 counties. Other experience has been with the National Park Service at Point Reyes National Seashore and 3 years with the California Dept of Forestry on the Dutch Elm Disease project. Teresa’s Forest Service career began in 1992 in Albuquerque, NM as the Southwestern Regional Botanist and has come full circle with her current position as the Intermountain Regional Botanist. The Intermountain Region is the largest region of the Forest Service (over 3.4 million acres), covering an area which includes the entire States of Nevada, Utah, most of Idaho, and portions of Wyoming and eastern California and has an exceptionally diverse flora with over 350 species of rare plants.

Rod Sallee
Rod Sallee is a forester with the Forest and Rangelands Staff at the National Headquarters of the U.S. Forest Service. He has held that position since 1996 and is responsible for the special forest products program along with other timber sale program duties. Rod previously was the budget officer for the staff, served as Forest Supervisor for 6 years on the Shawnee National Forest in Illinois, and held various line and staff positions on four national forests in California for 20 years. He is a graduate of Colorado State University with a B.S. in Forest Management, and Cal State Bakersfield, California with a Masters in Public Administration.

Dr. James E. Simon
Dr. Simon is a Professor in the Department of Plant Biology and Plant Pathology in Cook College. He serves as the Director of the New Use Agriculture and Natural Plant Products Program (NUANPP) at Rutgers University in which they seek to identify new compounds of biological activity (nutraceuticals) in traditional and nontraditional food crops with the long term goal of developing new value-added nutraceutical products and plants for human health or for other industrial applications (fragrances, flavorings, unique oils). His research group also is involved in developing methods of standardization for botanicals, medicinal plants and dietary supplements. He co-leads an international program that focuses on the study and sustainable commercialization of natural plant products in sub-Saharan African, Agri-Business in Sustainable African Natural Plant Products, in which they use a participatory approach and have been successful in introducing new products into the US market that have originated from partnering rural South African and Ghanian communities; and to governments working toward developing national policies addressing botanical and traditional medicines in countries where herbal medicines remain the primary health care employed.

Ed Smith
Ed Smith, founder and co-owner of Herb Pharm, is internationally respected for his knowledge of herbal medicines. For more than two decades, Ed, known throughout the herb world as "Herbal Ed," has been a major contributor to the herbal renaissance that is taking place in America. He has dedicated himself to researching the health benefits of herbs, traveling the world over consulting with herbalists and discovering the best herb sources, lecturing and educating both the general public and medical professionals on the lore and use of healing herbs, and, through Herb Pharm, producing the world's finest herbal extracts. Founded 1979, Herb Pharm is committed to providing the highest quality herbal extract products possible, educating people on the safe and effective use of medicinal herbs, and inspiring a love for plants and a respect for Mother Nature.

Bhishma Subedi
Bhishma Subedi, currently the Executive Director of ANSAB (Asia Network for Sustainable Agriculture and Bioresources), has over 15 years experience in participatory program design, planning, management, monitoring and evaluation as well as research, university teaching, policy analysis, and networking in the area of social ecology, resource management, community forestry, NTFPs and enterprise development. He holds a Master’s degree (Forest and Environmental Sciences) from Yale University and is devoted to the development of forest communities in Nepal. Mr. Subedi has personally worked with and/or recruited, trained and managed personnel that have assisted more than 81 Community Forest User Groups, 7 CFUG networks, and 12 community-based enterprises. He has worked with over 300 organizations and individuals in Nepal that are active in community forestry and NTFPs issues through his founding/ coordinating role in the Nepal NTFP Network and Himali Jadibuti Sarokar Samuha. He has designed in part or whole and managed over a dozen donor supported programs with multiple international and local project partners. He has conducted several research studies in community forestry, enterprise-based biodiversity conservation, biodiversity monitoring, tenure and property rights, NTFP marketing and subsector analysis; developed strategies for community-based enterprise oriented biodiversity conservation in ecologically sensitive areas in the Himalaya of Nepal; and developed methods for developing and profiling community based NTFP enterprise options. As a faculty member at the Institute of Forestry of Tribhuvan University in Nepal, Mr. Subedi has designed and taught several theoretical and practical courses on community forestry, human resource management, rural sociology, extension, and research methods.

Jackie Wootton
Jackie Wootton is Director of the consultancy company, Alternative Medicine Information LLC that licenses the professional version of HerbMed®, HerbMedProTM. She also directs the Informatics Project at the R & H Rosenthal Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Columbia University, College of Physicians & Surgeons, and is a regular presenter at their annual CME course: Botanical Medicine in Modern Clinical Practice. After moving to the USA, Jackie Wootton worked for two years designing and developing information resources for the Office of Alternative Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), 1993-5, combining expertise in alternative medicine information and electronic networking. Her information work in the public interest continues through the Alternative Medicine Foundation, a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization (, and includes design and development of web based resources: the internationally renowned herbal database - HerbMed®; TibetMed®; AskMedTM; and a series of Resource Guides for public and professionals. Jackie Wootton has published widely on integrative medicine research information, surveys of CAM use, botanical medicine information resources, women's health research resources, databases, and electronic publishing. She was Executive Editor of the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine for 5 years and is currently Associate Editor for the section: Education, Initiatives, and Information Resources.

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