Even before the Battle of Shiloh, Pittsburg Landing was an important docking area. Merchants of Corinth, Purdy, and the adjacent countryside received most of their merchandise from boats which tied up at this point. When the boats went back downstream, they were laden with passengers, cotton, and produce which had been transported to the Landing over the roads which converged here.
When the Union armies began preparations for the move against Corinth, Pittsburg Landing was selected as the concentration point because of its good camp sites and the good roads which led to the Confederate stronghold. The Army of the Tennessee, with the exception of Lew Wallace's 3rd Division, debarked at Pittsburg Landing. General Don Carlos Buell's army, arriving at the battlefield at the end of the first day's fighting, arrived at the field on such a large number of transports that Pittsburg Landing would not accommodate them. Consequently, all of the riverbank within the Union lines was used as a boat landing.
Because of the strategic and logistic importance of this area, the engagement was called "Battle of Pittsburg Landing" in most Northern newspapers and reports. The Southern name "Battle of Shiloh" is now almost universally accepted.