John Adams National Historical Park

A long, clapboard house, painted white with dark window shutters.
The Adams Mansion, or

NPS photo

Quick Facts

Location:
Quincy, Massachusetts
Significance:
Birthplace and home of John Adams and John Quincy Adams
Designation:
National Historical Park
OPEN TO PUBLIC:
No

John Adams served as president of the United States from 1797 to 1801. His son, John Quincy Adams held the same office from 1825 to 1829. Both men were born and raised on the properties that make up John Adams National Historical Park, 10 miles south of Boston, and both men significantly influenced America’s War of 1812.

As president, John Adams advocated for a stronger navy. Under his direction, the United States constructed and launched the six frigates – medium sized warships – that would eventually gain fame and success in the War of 1812. John Adams carefully maintained peace in tense negotiations with post-Revolutionary France that could have led America to war. In fact, American and French vessels sometimes traded shots at sea in what was termed the “Quasi War” between 1798 and 1800. The training and experience that American naval officers received during the John Adams administration provided the foundation for their eventual success against the British navy in the War of 1812.

Future president John Quincy Adams served as one of America’s peace negotiators at Ghent, in modern-day Belgium, in 1814. With both nations weary of a costly and unproductive war, John Quincy Adams assisted in securing a treaty which allowed the Americans to save face and conclude the conflict by returning to the status quo ante bellum, or “state existing before the war.”