Harriet Tubman and the underground railroad

woman sitting in a chair
Harriet Tubman in the late 1860's

Library of Congress

Quick Facts

Significance:
Civil War Nurse, Suffragist, Civil Rights Activist
Place of Birth:
Dorchester County, Maryland
Date of Birth:
circa 1822
Place of Death:
Auburn, New York
Date of Death:
March 10, 1913
Cemetery Name:
Fort Hill Cemetery

In 1849, Harriet Tubman traveled nearly 90 miles from Maryland to Philadelphia in order to escape slavery.

Most people today know that Harriet Tubman made around 19 trips into the South and escorted over 300 enslaved people to freedom. What most people don't know is that Tubman was the first woman to lead an armed expedition during the Civil War. In 1863 she guided the Combahee River Raid, which freed over 700 slaves in South Carolina, many of whom joined the Union Army. Today there are 2 National Park sites, Harriet Tubman National Historical Park in New York and Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park in Maryland, that tell the incredible story of a true American Hero.