Dr. Marie Curie

Marie Curie looks into a scientific instrument
Marie Curie looks into a scientific instrument

Quick Facts

The first and only woman to receive the Nobel Prize twice.

Marie Sklodowska was born in Warsaw Poland in 1867, to a mathematics and physics teacher. Unable to attend a university because she was a woman, Marie attended “Flying University” a underground college. Marie moved to Paris in 1891, in order to pursue a degree in physics and mathematics. After receiving her master’s degree Marie began working with Pierre Curie, who later became her husband. Marie and Pierre Curie discovered two new elements, polonium and radium, and coined the term radioactivity. In 1903, Marie Curie became the first woman to earn her doctoral degree in France. Marie and Pierre were awarded the Nobel Prize for their work in Physics in 1903. In 1911, Marie Curie was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. During WWI Curie devoted her time to helping wounded soldiers and bought war bonds with her Nobel Prize money.

Manhattan Project National Historical Park

Last updated: October 30, 2019