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Yellowstone National Park
Yellowstone Park, Wyoming


Vol. XIV May-June, 1937 Nos. 5-6

This is one of a series of bulletins issued regularly for the information of those interested in the Natural History and History of Yellowstone National Park and the unmatched educational opportunities offered by this region. PUBLICATIONS USING THESE NOTES WILL PLEASE GIVE CREDIT TO "YELLOWSTONE NATURE NOTES" AND TO THE AUTHOR.

Edmund B. Rogers
William E. Kearns
C. Max Bauer

by Ranger Naturalist Jennings King

At 11:30 a.m. on July 17 last summer a nest of five Northern Violet-Green Swallows (Tschycineta thalassina lepida) was found in an abandoned woodpecker hole in a small clump of lodgepole pine trees (Firms contorta) in the meadows adjoining the southeast portion of Madison Junction campgrounds. The little ones were being fed at quite regular intervals by their parents. After coming within fifteen or twenty feet of the nest, the adults did not attempt to bring in more food but kept making their flight in large circles around the tree.

The little ones dropped out of sight as I came within five feet of the nest. While I quietly stood there the little heads popped up until at one time four heads protruded from the opening. The parents would not venture close.

After twenty minutes of observation and picture taking, one brave baby took flight. One of the parents immediately came to the rescue and as the young one weakened he was given several "boosts" from behind, resulting in a strengthened and higher flight. After circling two or three times the bird made a perfect landing near the top of a neighboring tree.

A second young one took flight in about five minutes but he did not have any encouragement from the parents so flew directly to a tree about thirty feet away. His landing showed lack of practice but he did not fall.

In the following ten minute interval no other birds indicated their intentions to fly so I departed. Two hours later I returned to the nest and found that all the birds had flown away, leaving the site for other feathered friends.


by Ranger Naturalist Neil Miner

The music of Yellowstone Lake has been a subject of discussion since the days of the early explorers. The sounds have been heard by hundreds of individuals and an equal number of theories have been advanced for the cause.

Early one morning last September, the late Assistant Naturalist Crowe and the writer were privileged to have a splendid audition of this phenomenon. The sound seemed to arrive unannounced from some point at no great height above the north end of the lake. It traveled rapidly in a horizontal plane out over the lake toward the south. The sound was audible for about ten seconds.

To the writer it sounded like a rapidly whirling current of air moving at great speed horizontally above the lake. It had no apparent lateral range but gave the impression of being merely a local disturbance, producing a swishing sound of varying volume with a faint trace of a whistle; somewhat akin to the sound of ducks in flight.

The morning was perfectly clear and calm and not a bird was in sight in the air, so it could not have arisen from that source.

It is the opinion of the writer that a possible explanation may lie in the fact that currents are set up in the lower atmosphere due to diurnal changes in temperature. This fact, accompanied with air movements down from the high peaks surrounding the lake, under certain conditions, causes horizontally moving whirlpools of air, similar to those one often sees across the calm surface of the lake. The whirling air pocket traveling at terrific speed in a horizontal manner across the lake until dissipated at some point remote from the observer, might well produce the sound that has been so often heard.

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