On-line Book
Book Cover
Cover Page




Breeches, Blouses, and Skirts




Appendix A

Appendix B

Appendix C

National Park Service Uniforms
In Search of an Identity 1872-1920
Number 2



1 Rogers W. Young, "Ladies Who Wear the Uniform of the National Park Service", Planning and Civic Comment, March 1962, Vol. 28, No. 1, p. 3 (Hereinafter cited as Young)

2 Polly Welts Kaufman, Challenging Tradition: Pioneer Women Naturalists in the National Park Service", Forest & Conservation History, Vol.34, No.1 (January 1990), p.11.

3 Questionnaire answer, Frank Pinkley to National Park Service Uniform Committee, Dec. 2, 1922, Records of the National Park Service (Record Group 79),"Uniforms of the Park Service 1907-1925", National Archives. (Collection hereinafter cited as NA/RG 79) "in conclusion: I have never heard anything about uniforms for women of the National Park service. ... Let me ask here why women are not entitled to distinctive uniforms, service stripes and so on?"

4 Letter, Owen A. Tomlinson to Director, NPS, Jan. 29, 1927, Records of the National Park Service (Record Group 79 208.30), "Park Service Uniforms 1925-1932", National Archives. (Collection hereinafter cited as NA/RG 79 208.30)

5 Letter, John C. Preston to Fechheimer Brothers Company, Cincinnatti, OH, Oct. 6, 1941, National Park Service History' Collection (Record Group Y55), Personal File of Lemuel A. "Lon" Garrison, File A-66, Harpers Ferry Center, Harpers Ferry, WV. (Collection hereinafter cited as Garrison)

6 Memoranda, Guy Hopping to Preston, May 9, 1941, ibid; Francis J. Ayers to Hopping, May 9, 1941, ibid.

7 Letter, Preston to Fechheimer Brothers Company, Oct. 6,1941, ibid.

8 Memoranda, Preston to John S. McLaughlin, Oct. 20, 1941, ibid; Thomas J. Allen to Preston, Nov. 22, 1941, ibid; Preston to all uniform committee members, Oct. 6, 1941, ibid.

9 Circular, Edmund B. Rogers to Yellowstone National Park Personnel, June 7, 1943, National Park Service History Collection (File 455), Yellowstone National Park, Ranger-Misc Reports, Part 2, Jan. 1, 1940-Dec. 31, 1943. (Collection hereinafter cited as Yellowstone/MRM)

10 Young, p. 3.

11 Memorandum, Lawrence F. Cook to Director, NPS, Mar. 16, 1960, National Park Service History Collection (Record Group Y55), "General Uniform Correspondence", Harpers Ferry Center, Harpers Ferry, West Virginia (Collection hereinafter cited as HFC/GUC)

12 Memorandum, Cook to Director, NPS, Oct. 12, 1960, ibid.

13 Balmacaan is a loose, single-breasted style overcoat, usually having raglan sleeves and a short turnover collar.

14 Memoranda, Clarence P. Montgomery to All Field Offices, Jan 13, 1966, National Park Service History

15 Collection (Record Group Y55), "Federal Employees Uniform Allowance , Harpers Ferry Center, Harpers Ferry, West Virginia (Collection hereinafter cited as HFC/FEUA) Robert R. Lovegren to All Field Offices, Aug. 19, 1966, ibid.

16 "You Must Have Been A Beautiful Ranger...'Cause, Lady, Look at You Now", NPS Newsletter, Vol. 5, No. 7, April 2, 1970, p.1.

17 p.2, ibid.

18 Loretta DeLozier, Vista-Scope '70, Concept and Design, p.5, ibid.

19 p.2, Ibid.

20 Yellowstone National Park was established in 1872 and although there is still controversy as to whether it was the first Federal park, that date has always been considered the beginning of the park system.

21 Nothing has been found in the official correspondence authoring this uniform, although photographs and those personnel that wore them have documented it.

22 Letter, Lyndel Meikle to Mary Maruca, Dec. 10, 1989, HFC/GUC; Memorandum, William H. Hendrickson to Acting Regional Director, Southeast Region, undated, ibid.

23 Memorandum, Robert Stanton to All Regional Directors, Oct. 26, 1977, HFC/FEUA.

24 Class Action Complaint, filed by Elizabeth Snyder with the EBO Office, National Park Service Archives (Record Group Y55), Harpers Ferry Center, Harpers Ferry, West Virginia. (Hereinafter cited as HFC/EEO)

25 ibid; Letter, Howard Wecksler to Robert Stanton, Oct. 18, 1978, HFC/GUC.

26 Letter, Edward E. Shelton to Elizabeth Snyder, Apr. 16, 1980, ibid.


Kaufman, Polly Welts, NATIONAL PARKS and the WOMAN'S VOICE, 1996

National Archives, Washington, DC, Records of the National Park Service. Record Group 79 208.30, Park Service Uniforms 1925-1932.

National Park Service Archives, Record Group Y55, Uniforms of the National Park Service, Harpers Ferry Center, Harpers Ferry, WV.


Last Modified: Wed, Dec 20 2000 11:30:00 pm PDT

National Park Service's ParkNet Home