On-line Book




MENU

Contents

Acknowledgements

Chapter 1
Introduction

Chapter 2
The Biology of Salt Marshes

Chapter 3
Banking/Diking Procedures

Chapter 4
Economics of Land Reclamation

Chapter 5
Salt-Hay Farming

Chapter 6
Meadow Companies

Chapter 7
Cranberries

Chapter 8
Conclusion

Sources Consulted





FROM MARSH TO FARM
The Landscape Transformation of Coastal New Jersey
National Park Service Arrowhead


CHAPTER 2:
NOTES

1John Teal and Mildred Teal, Life and Death of the Salt Marsh (New York: Ballantine Books, 1969), 8-9.

2Teal and Teal, 11.

3Teal and Teal, 9-l1, 82.

4Teal and Teal, 53-68.

5Teal and Teal, 69-78.

6Teal and Teal, 69.

7The length of the Atlantic coast from Sandy Hook to Cape May is approximately 128 miles; the length of the Delaware Bay coast from Cape May to Salem is fifty-nine miles. Beyond Salem Creek, there are no true tidal salt marshes because certain characteristics change.

8Smith, New Jersey Salt Marsh, 6-7.

9Smith, New Jersey Salt Marsh, 6-7.

10Smith, New Jersey Salt Marsh, 7-8.

11Teal and Teal, 84-86.

12Teal and Teal, 102-112. For descriptions of the various species as well as their similarities and differences see Chapter 8 of Teal and Teal's Life and Death of the Salt Marsh, or Chapter 7 of The Delaware Estuary: Rediscovering a Forgotten Resource. The common names for Distichlis spicata and Juncus gerardi are salt grass and black grass. More familiar names for Iva, Sabatia, Salicornia, Atriplex, Suaeda, Salsola, and Chenopodiaceae are marsh elder, sea pinks, saltwort or glasswort, orache or spearscale, sea blithe, saltwort, and pigweeds or lamb's quarters.

13Teal and Teal, 122-132.

14Teal and Teal, 122-132.

15Ralph W. Tiner, Jr., Wetlands of New Jersey (Newton Corner: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Wetlands Inventory, 1985), 7, 21,95-96.








top of page Top




Last Modified: Mon, Jan 31 2005 10:00:00 pm PDT
https://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/nj3/chap2n.htm

National Park Service's ParkNet Home