Death Valley
Historic Resource Study
A History of Mining
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1. Books

Abbott, Allan L. California Ghost Town Trails. Rev. ed. Anaheim: Main Street Press, 1973.

Albert, Herman W. Odyssey of a Desert Prospector. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1967.

Arnold, Emmett L. Gold-Camp Drifter, '1906-1910. Reno: University of Nevada Press, 1973.

Arrow Research Institute. Western Lore and Historical Guide to Southern California West Los Angeles: Arrow Research Institute, 1959.

Ashbaugh, Don. Nevada's Turbulent Yesterday A Study in Ghost Towns Los Angeles: Westernlore, 1963.

Atlas of the Goldfield Tonopah and Bullfrog Mining Districts of Nevada. San Francisco: W. H. Shearer, 1905.

Averett, Walter R. Directory of Southern Nevada Place Names. Rev. ed. Las Vegas: Walter R. Averett, 1962.

Bartlett, Richard A. Great Surveys of the American West Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1962.

Bauer, Helen. California Gold Days New York: Doubleday, 1954.

Beattie, George William, and Helen Pruitt. Heritage of the Valley: San Bernardino's First Century. Oakland: Biobooks, 1951.

Beatty, Bessie. Who's Who in Nevada. Los Angeles: Home Printing Company: 1907.

Belden, L. Burr. Death Valley Heroine And Source Book of the 1849 Travelers San Bernardino: Inland Printing & Engraving Company, 1954.

______. Mines of Death Valley Glendale: La Siesta Press, 1966.

Bidwell, John. Echoes of the Past. New York: Citadel Press, 1962.

Billeb, Emil W. Mining Camp Days Berkeley: University of California Press, 1968.

Black, Jack. Buried Treasure and Lost Mines of Southern California Tarzana: Ames Publishing Company, 1966.

Borthwick, J.D. The Gold Hunters New York: Outing Publishing Company, 1917.

Brown, George R., ed. Reminiscences of Senator William M. Stewart of Nevada. New York: Neale Publishing Company, 1908.

Brown, M.J. Mining Activities in Central and Southern Nevada. Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Chamber of Commerce, Domestic Trade Report #56, 1935.

Browne, J. Ross. Report on the Mineral Resources of the States and Territories West of the Rocky Mountains. Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1868.

Bruner, Firman. Some Remembered--Some Forgot: Life in Central Nevada Mining Carson City: Nevada State Park Natural History Association, 1974.

Buffum, Edward Gould. Six Month in the Gold Mines Ed. by John W. Caughey. Los Angeles: Ward Ritchie Press, 1959.

California Interstate Telephone Company. Romantic Heritage of Inyo-Mono: A Saga of the Old West ... and the New. Victorville, California: California Interstate Telephone Company, 1961.

California Miners Association. California Mines and Minerals. San Francisco: Press of L. Roesch Company, 1899.

Cane, Edwin. Death Valley and the Creek Called Furnace. Los Angeles: Ward Ritchie Press, 1941.

Caruthers, William. Loafing Along Death Valley Trails. Ontario: Death Valley Publishing Company, 1951

Chalfant, W.A. Death Valley: The Facts. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1930.

______. The Story of Inyo. Chicago: private printing, 1922. Rev. ed. Los Angeles: Citizens Print Shop, 1933.

Chan, Loren Briggs. Sagebrush Statesman: Tasker L. Oddie of Nevada Reno: University of Nevada Press, 1973.

Chase, J.S. California Desert Trails Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1919.

Clappe, Louise Amelia Knapp (Smith). The Shirley Letters from the California Mines 1851-1852 1854. Rpt., Santa Barbara and Salt Lake City Peregrine Smith, 1970.

Clark, William B. Death Valley: The Story Behind the Scenery. Las Vegas: KC. Publications, 1972.

Clements, Thomas. Geological Story of Death Valley Palm Desert: Desert Magazine Press, 1954.

Comfort, H.B., and Rogers, Bill. Camera Shots of Ghost Cities of California and Nevada Shafter, California: Shafter Press, 1941.

Cone, Mary. Two Years in California Chicago: S.C. Griggs, 1876.

Coolidge, Dane. Death Valley Prospectors. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1937.

Coy, Owen Chochran. Gold Days Los Angeles: Powell Publishing Company, 1929.

Crampton, Frank A. Deep Enough A Working Stiff in the Western Mining Camps Denver: Sage Books, 1956.

______. Legend of John Lamoigne and Song of the Desert-Rats Denver: Sage Books, 1956.

Crofutt, George A. Crofutts Grip-Sack Guide of Colorado Denver: Alvord & Company, 1881.

Cronise, Titus Fey. The Natural Wealth of California. San Francisco: N.H. Bancroft, 1881.

Cronkhite, Daniel. Death Valley's Victims: A Descriptive Chronology, 1849-1977. Morongo Valley, California: Sagebrush Press, 1977.

______. Ghost Towns of Esmeralda and Counties, Nevada. Van Nuys High School Press, 1960.

Darrah, Elliott W. Reviewing Nevada's Legacy. Sepulveda, California: Sagebrush Press, 1964.

Davis, Samuel P., ed. History of Nevada. 2 vols. Los Angeles: Elms Publishing Company, 1913.

Death Valley Natural History Association. The Borax Story: A Self-Guiding Tour of the Harmony Borax Works. San Bernardino: Inland Printing & Engraving Company, n.d.

Douglas, James E. Gold In Placer. Santa Barbara: W. Hebberd, 1948.

Downie, William. Hunting for Gold Palo Alto: American West Publishing Company, 1971. Fascimile of 1893 ed.

Dutton, Alfred H. Notable Nevadans in Caricature. Reno: 1915.

Eakle, Arthur S.; Huguenin, Emile; McLaughlin, R.P.; and Waring, Clarence A. Mines and Mineral Resources of Alpine County, Inyo County, Mono County. Sacramento: State Printing Office, 1917.

Edwards, E. I. The Valley Whose Name Is Death. Pasadena: San Pasqual Press, 1940.

Elliott, Russel R. History of Nevada. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1973.

______. Nevada's Twentieth Century Mining Boom: Tonopah, Goldfield, Ely. Reno: University of Nevada Press, 1966.

______, and Poulton, Helen J. Writings on Nevada: A Selected Bibliography. Reno: University of Nevada Press, 1963.

Emmons, William Harvey. Gold Deposits of the World With a Section on Prospecting. New York: McGraw Hill, 1937.

Engels, Albert. Gold Mines of Southern California. Denver: Argonaut Enterprises, 1977.

Farish, Thomas Edwin. The Gold Hunters of California. Chicago: M.A. Dunohe, 1904.

Fisher, Vardis. Gold Rushes and Mining Camps of the Early American West. Caldwell, Idaho: Caxton Printers, 1968.

Fleming, Howard. Narrow Gauge Railways in America. New York: 1875. Rpt., Oakland: G. Hardy, 1949.

Florin, Lambert. California Ghost Towns. Seattle: Superior Publishing Company, 1971.

Folkes, John Greg. Nevada's Newspapers: A Bibliography, A Compilation of Nevada History, 1854-1964. Reno: University of Nevada Press, 1964.

Fox, Theron, comp. Nevada Treasure Hunters: Ghost Town Guide. San Jose: Theron Fox, 1961.

Frickstad, Walter N. and Thrall, Edward W. A Century of Nevada Post Offices, 1852-1957. Oakland: Pacific Rotaprinting Company, 1958.

Gebhardt, Chuck. Backpacking Death Valley. San Jose: Mastergraphics, 1975.

______. Inside Death Valley. Menlo Park, California: Nowels Publications, 1977.

Gerstaecker, Friedrich. California Gold Mines. Oakland: Biobooks, 1946.

Gilbert, Edward M. Panamint Legend. Los Angeles: Hesperus Press, 1957.

Glasscock, C.B. Gold in Them Hills Indianapolis: Bobbs-Mernill, 1932.

______. Here's Death Valley. New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1940.

Gold Center: The Future City of the Bullfrog Mining District, Nevada. n.p.: 1905.

Greever, William S. The Bonanza West: The Story of the Western Mining Rushes 1848-1900. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1963.

Gudde, Erwin Gustav. California Gold Camp: A Geographical and Historical Dictionary of Camps Towns and Localities Where Gold Was Found and Mined. ed. by Elizabeth K. Gudde. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1975.

______. California Place Names: The Origin and Etymology of Current Geographical Names. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1969.

Hafen, LeRoy R. and Ann W., eds. Journals of the Forty-Niners, Salt Lake to Los Angeles. Vol II of The Far West and the Rockies Historical Series. Glendale: Arthur H. Clark, 1954.

Handbook of Nevada Mines. Goldfield, Nevada: The Goldfield News, 1906.

Hildreth, Wes. Death Valley Geology: Rocks and Faults, Fans and Salts Death Valley Natural History Association, 1976.

Hittell, John S., et al. The Discovery of Gold in California. Palo Alto: 1968.

Hoover, Mildred Brook; Rensch, Hero Eugene and Ethel Grace. Historic Spots in California. 3d ed. Rev, by William N. Abeloe. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1966.

Houston, Eleanor Jordan. Death Valley Scotty Told Me--. Louisville: The Franklin Press, 1954.

Hubbard, Paul B.; Bray, Doris, and Pipkin, George. Ballarat: 1897-1917, Facts and Folklore. Lancaster, California: P.B.&A.B. Hubbard, 1965.

Hufford, David Andrew. Death Valley: Swamper Ike's Traditional Lore: Why, When How? Los Angeles: D.A. Hufford, 1902.

Hunt, Alice. Archeology of the Death Valley Salt Pan, California. University of Utah Department of Anthropology, Anthropological Papers, No, 47. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1960.

Hunt, Charles B. Death Valley: Geology, Ecology, Archaeology. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1975.

Hunt, Rockwell Dennis. California Ghost Towns Live Again. Stockton: College of the Pacific, 1948.

International Geological Congress, 15th. Gold Resources of the World. Pretoria: Bureau of the Congress, 1930.

______. 16th. Copper Resources of the World Washington, D.C.: Bureau of the Congress, 1935.

Inyo: 1866-1966. Independence, California: Inyo County Board of Supervisors, 1966.

Jackson, Joseph Henry. Anybody's Gold the Story of California's Mining Towns. New York: D. Appleton-Century, 1941.

Jackson, Samuel B. 200 Trails to Gold: A Guide to Promising Old Mines and Hidden Lodes Throughout the West. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1976.

Jaeger, Edmund C. The California Desert. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1965.

______, ed. The Desert in Pictures. Palm Desert: Desert Magazine Press, n.d.

Johnson, Robert Neil. California-Nevada Ghost Town Atlas. Susanville, California: Cy Johnson & Son, 1967.

______. Gold Diggers Atlas. Susanville, California: Cy Johnson & Son, 1971.

Johnston, Hank. Death Valley Scotty: The Fastest Con in the West. Corona del Mar, California: Trans-Anglo Books, 1974.

Kirk, Ruth. Exploring Death Valley, 2d ed. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1965.

Kneiss, Gilbert H. Bonanza Railroads. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1963.

Labbe, Charles H. Rocky Trails of the Past. Las Vegas: C.H. Labbe, 1960.

Lakes, Arthur. Prospecting for Gold and Silver in North America. 2d ed. Scranton: Colliery Engineer Company, 1896.

LaMontagne, P. Nevada The New Gold State: An Up-to-Date Description of the Mining Interests of Tonopah, Goldfield, Bullfrog, Diamondfield, Goldreef, etc. San Francisco: San Francisco Stock & Exchange Board, 1905.

Leadabrand, Russ. A Guidebook to the Mojave Desert of California. Los Angeles: Ward Ritchie Press, 1966.

Lee, Bourke. Death Valley. New York: Macmillan, 1930.

______. Death Valley Men. New York: Macmillan, 1932.

Lee, W. Storrs, The Great California Deserts. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1962.

Lincoln, F.C. Mining Districts and Mineral Resources of Nevada. Reno: Nevada Newsletter Publishing Company, 1923.

Lingenfelter, Richard W. The Hardrock Miners. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1974.

______. The Newspapers of Nevada: A History and Bibliography. San Francisco: John Howell Books, 1964.

Long, Margaret. The Shadow of the Arrow. Caldwell, Idaho: Caxton Printers, 1950.

Lord, Elliott. Comstock Mining and Miners. 1883. Rpt, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1959.

Mack, Effie Mona. Nevada: A History of the State from the Earliest Times Through the Civil War. Glendale: Arthur H. Clark, 1936.

Manly, William Lewis. Death Valley in '49. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms, 1966.

Maxson, John H. Death Valley: Origin and Scenery. Bishop, California: Chalfant Press, 1963.

Miller, Ronald Dean. Mines of the High Desert. Glendale: La Siesta Press, 1965

Miiligan, Clarence P. Death Valley and Scotty. Los Angeles: Ward Ritchie Press, 1942.

Moffat, James R. Memoirs of an Old-Timer: A Personal Glimpse of Rhyolite Nevada 1906-1907. Verdi: Sagebrush Press, 1969.

Moore, Boyd. Nevada Personalities. Reno: n.p., 1915.

Morris, Henry Curtis. Desert Gold and Total Prospecting. Washington, D.C.: by the author, 1955.

Mott, Leslie C. Mining Activities and Sales Opportunities in the State of Nevada. Los Angeles: Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce, Domestic Trade Reports #66 (1937), #94 (1940).

Myrick, David F. Railroads of Nevada and Eastern California. 2 vols. Berkeley: Howell-North Books, 1963.

Nadeau, Remi. City-Makers: The Story of Southern California's First Boom 1868-1876. 4th rev. ed. Corona del Mar, California: Trans-Anglo Books, 1965.

______, Ghost Towns and Mining Camps of California. Los Angeles: Ward Ritchie Press, 1965.

______, The Water Seekers. Santa Barbara and Salt Lake City: Peregrine Smith, 1974.

Nevada State Gazetteer and Business Directory. Vol III. Reno: R L. Polk & Company, 1915.

Nevada. State Inspector of Mines. Annual Reports. 1910-1916, in Appendix to Journals of the Senate and Assembly. Reno: State Printing Office, 1911-1917.

Nevada. State Inspector of Mines. Nevada Mines Mills and Smelters in Operations As Of ... (1949-1976). Reno: State Printing Office, 1950-1977.

Nevada. State License and Bullion Tax Agent. Annual Reports. 1910-1916. in Appendix to Journals of the Senate and Assembly. Reno: State Printing Office, 1911-1917.

Nevada-The Mineral Empire. Goldfield: Souvenir of the American Mining Congress, 1909.

Nye County Nevada and the Mineral Resources of Her Fifty Mining Camps. Tonopah: Tonopah Promotion Association, 1909.

O'Conley, Mary Ann. Upper Mojave Desert: A Living Legacy. Detroit: Harlow Press, 1969.

Paher, Stanley W. Death Valley Ghost Towns. Las Vegas: Nevada Publishers, 1973.

______. Nevada Ghost Towns and Mining Camps. Berkeley: Howell-North Books, 1970.

Palmer, T.S. Chronology of the Death Valley Region in California. Washington, D.C.: Bryon S. Adams, 1952.

______. ed. Place Names of the Death Valley Region in California and Nevada. n.p., 1948.

Paul, Rodman W. California Gold: The Beginning of Mining in the Far West. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1947.

______. Mining Frontiers of the Far West. 1848-1880 New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1963.

Peele, Robert, and Church, John A. eds, Mining Engineers' Handbook. 3d ed. 2 vols. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1941.

Perkins, Edna Brush. The White Heart of Mojave: An Adventure with the Outdoors of the Desert. New York: Boni and Liveright, 1922.

Pfleider, Eugene P., ed. Surface Mining. New York: The American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, 1968 Rpt., 1972.

Pierce, R.A. Lost Mines and Buried Treasure of California. Private printing 1959.

Pipkin, George. Pete Aguereberry: Death Valley Prospector--Gold Miner. Littlerock, California: South Antelope Valley Publishing Company, 1971.

Poole Brothers. The Mining Directory and Reference Rook of the United States Canada and Mexico. Chicago: Poole Bros., 1898.

Powers, "Professor". Death Valley, Land of Mystery: Millions in Sight: Suggestions to Prospectors. Los Angeles: 1919.

Putnam, George Palmer. Death Valley and its Country. New York: Duell, Sloan & Pearce, 1946.

______. Death Valley Handbook. New York: Duell, Sloan & Pearce, 1947.

Quiett, Glenn Chesney. Pay Dirt: A Panorama of American Gold-Rushes. New York: D. Appleton-Century, 1936.

Ramage, George W., ed. The Mining Directory and Reference Book of the United States Canada and Mexico. Chicago: Poole Bros., 1892.

Ray, C. Lorin. The Back Yard of Nevada. Bishop: Chalfant Press, 1964.

Raymond, Rossiter W. Mines and Mining of the Rocky Mountains the Inland Basin and the Pacific Slope. New York: J.B. Ford, 1871. Rpt of 2d Annual Report of United States Commissioner of Mining Statistics.

______. Mines Mills and Furnaces of the Pacific States and Territories. New York; J.B. Ford, 1871.

______. Mines of the West: A Report to the Secretary of the Treasury. New York: J.B. Ford, 1869.

______. Old Mines of California and Nevada. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1869. Rpt, Toyahvale, Texas: 1964.

______. Statistics of Mines and Mining for the Year 1869 through 1871. 4 vols. Washington, D.C.; Government Printing Office, 1870-1872.

______. Statistics of Mines and Mining in the States and Territories West of the Rocky Mountains. Washington, D.C.; Government Printing Office, 1872.

Rhyolite Board of Trade. Rhyolite Metropolis of Southern Nevada. Los Angeles; Home Printing Company, n.d.

Rice, George Graham. My Adventures with Your Money. Boston: P.O. Badger, 1913.

Richie, R. L. The Directory of Nevada Mines. Reno: The Mining Press, 1940.

Rickard, Thomas A. A History of American Mining. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1932.

______. Man and Metals; A History of Mining in Relation to the Development of Civilization. 2 vols. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1932.

______. The Romance of Mining. Toronto: Macmillan, 1945.

Thaw, Frederick, et al. Oil Lamps and Iron Ponies. Saline: El Caino Press, 1949.

Shinn, Charles H. The Story of the Mine as Illustrated by the Great Comstock Lode of Nevada. New York: D. Appleton, 1896.

______. Mining Camp: A Study in American Frontier Government. New York: Charles Scribners Sons, 1884.

Smith, Grant H. The History of the Comstock Lode, 1850-1920. Reno: University of Nevada Geology and Mining Series #37, 1943.

Smith, Olga W. Gold on the Desert. Albuquerque; University of New Mexico Press, 1939.

Southern Inyo American Association of Retired Persons, Chapter 183. Saga of Inyo County. Covina, California: Taylor Publishing Company, 1977.

Southworth, John. Death Valley in 1849: The Luck of the Gold Rush Emigrants. Burbank: Pegleg Books, 1978.

Spears, John R. Illustrated Sketches of Death Valley and Other Borax Deserts of the Pacific Coast. Chicago: Rand, McNally, 1892.

Steward, Julian H. Basin-Plateau Aboriginal Sociopolitical Groups. Smithsonian Institution BAE Bulletin 120. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1938.

Storms, William H. Timbering and Mining: A Treatise on Practical American Methods. 4th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1909.

Stuart, E. E. Nevada's Mining Resources. Carson City: 1919.

Sutherland, Carol. Gold . . . New York: McGraw-Hill, 1959.

Todd, Arthur C. The Cornish Miner in America: The Story of Cousin Jacks and Their Jennies and Their Contributions to the Mining History of the American West, 1830-1914. Glendale: A.H. Clark, 1967.

United States. Annual Report of the Chief of Engineers for 1876. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1877.

______. Director of the Mint. Report of the Director of the Mint Upon the Statistics of the Production of the Precious Metals in the United States. Washington: Government Printing office, 1881-1884, 1886-1891, 1894-1895, 1899, 1904, 1909.

______. Federal Trade Commission. Report on the Copper Industry. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1947.

Wagner, Jack Russel. Gold Mines of California. Berkeley: Howell-North Books, 1970.

Warns, Melvin Owen. The Nevada "Sixteen" National Banks and Their Mining Camps. Washington, D.C.: Society of Paper Money Collectors, 1974.

Watkins, Tom H. Gold and Silver in the West. Palo Alto: American West Publishing Company, 1971.

Weight, Harold O. Greenwater. Twentynine Palms: Calico Press, 1969.

______. Lost Mines of Death Valley. Twentynine Palms: Calico Press, 1953.

______, and Lucile. Rhyolite The Ghost City of Golden Dreams. Twentynine Palms: Calico Press, 1953. Rev. ed., 1970.

______. Twenty Mule Team Days in Death Valley. Twentynine Palms: Calico Press, 1955.

Wheeler, George M. Preliminary Report of Explorations in Nevada and Arizona. 42 Congress, 2d Session, Senate Executive Documents 65.

______. Report Upon United States Government Surveys West of the 100th Meridian. Washington: Engineer Department, United States Army, 1899.

Wilson, Neill C. Silver Stampede. New York: Macmillan, 1937.

______. Treasure Express Epic Days of the Wells Fargo. New York: Macmillan, 1936.

Winther, Oscar O. Via Western Express & Stagecoach. Stanford: 1945. Rpt, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1968.

Wolle, Muriel S. The Bonanza Trail: Ghost Towns and Mining Camps of the West. Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, 1953.

Work Projects Administration. Federal Writer's Project. California: A Guide to the Golden State. American Guide Series. Edited by Harry Hansen. Rev. ed. New York: Hastings House, 1967.

______. ______. Death Valley: A Guide. American Guide Series. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1939.

______. ______. Nevada: A Guide to the Silver State. Portland: Bindfords and Mont, 1940.

Wynn, Marcia Rittenhouse. Desert Bonanza: The Story of Early Randsburg Mojave Mining Camp. Glendale: A.H. Clark, 1963.

Young, Otis E., Jr. Black Powder and Hand Steel: Miners and Machines on the Old Western Frontier. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1976.

______. Western Mining: An Informal Account of Precious-Metals Prospecting Placering, Lode Mining and Milling on the American Frontier from Spanish Times to 1893. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1970.

Zander, W. Dougler. Rhyolite and the Old Prospector's Last Will and Testament. Miami: P.D. K., 1977.

2. National Park Service Publications

Belden, L. Burr. Death Valley Historical Report, 2 vols. Typescript. San Francisco: National Park Service, 1959.

Brooks, Richard H.; Wilson, Richard A.; King, Joseph P.; and McMakin, Matt. A Historic and Prehistoric Reconnaissance of Four Mining Claims in Death Valley National Monument. Tucson: Prepared under contract for the Western Archaeological Center, National Park Service, by the University of Las Vegas Museum of Natural History, 1977.

Death Valley National Monument. Mining Office Files. Appraisal Reports and miscellaneous material.

Environment Assessment. Regulations for Mining and Mining Claims Located on Lands included Within the National Park System. (36 C.F.R. Part 9) Denver: Denver Service Center, National Park Service, 1976.

Holland, F. Ross, Jr. Recommendations for Historic Preservation and Historical Studies Management Plan for Death Valley National Monument. Denver: Denver Service Center, National Park Service, 1972.

Levy, Ben. Death Valley National Monument: Historical Background. Washington, D.C.: National Park Service Division of History, 1969.

Mattes, Merrill J,, and Simmonds, Robert V. Charcoal Kilns, Wildrose Canyon, Death Valley National Monument, California. San Francisco National Park Service Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation, Western Service Center, 1970.

Tweed, William, comp. Cultural Resources Survey: Death Valley National Monument. 2 vols. San Francisco: National Park Service, Western Regional Office, Division of Historic Preservation, 1976.

Wallace, William J. Death Valley National Monument's Prehistoric Past: An Archaeological Overview. Prepared under contract for National Park Service, 1977.

Wendel, Clarence. Special Report on Borate Resources: A Supply and Marketing Study. San Francisco: National Park Service Mining and Minerals Division, 1978.

3. Death Valley 49ers Publications

Belden, L. Burr. Goodbye Death Valley! The Tragic 1649 Jayhawker Trek. Death Valley '49ers Keepsake No. 5. San Bernardino: Inland Printing & Engraving Company, 1956.

______. Old Stovepipe Wells. Death Valley '49ers Keepsake No. 8. San Bernardino: Inland Printing & Engraving Company, 1968.

De Decker, Mary. The Eichbaum Toil Road. Death Valley '49ers Keepsake No. 10. San Bernardino: Inland Printing & Engraving Company, 1970.

Cower, Harry P. 50 Years in Death Valley--Memoirs of a Borax Man. Death Valley 49ers Keepsake No. 9. San Bernardino: Inland Printing & Engraving Company, 1969.

Hanna, Phil Townsend, et al. Death Valley Tales. Death Valley '49ers Keepsake No. 3. Palm Desert: Desert Magazine Press, 1955.

Koenig, George. "23" Skidoo and Panamint Too! Death Valley '49ers Keepsake No. 11. San Bernardino: Inland Printing & Engraving Company, 1971.

Miller, Ron. Fifty Years Ago at Furnace Creek Inn. Death Valley '49ers Keepsake No. 17. Pasadena: Castle Press, 1977.

4. Articles

Anderson, Helen Ashley. "Gold for the Vaults of the World." Desert Magazine 5 (May 1942), 5-7.

Barber, Harry. The Rise and Fall of a man named Smith. Desert Magazine (November 1964), 10-11.

Belden, L. Burr. "The Battle of Wingate Pass." Westways (November 1956), 8-9.

______. "Copper Camp of Greenwater Had Its Wild Days." 5 Bernardino Sun-Telegram April 3, 1955.

Casper, K.R. "The Bullfrog Bonanza, and How Recent Gold Discoveries Have Awakened Southern Nevada and Added New Towns to the Map." Sunset Magazine 15 (August 1905), 316-26.

Caughey, John Walton. "Southwest from Salt Lake in 1849." Pacific Historical Review (June 1937), 143-64.

Coville, Frederick Vernon. "The Panamint Indians of California." American Anthropologist 5 (October 1892), 351-61.

Cross, Ernest Lyon. "Letters From a Death Valley Prospector." Ed. by Tom G. Murry. Desert Magazine 26 (June 1963), 8-11.

Emmons, W.H. "Normal Faulting in the Bullfrog District." Science ns 26 (1907), 221-22.

Fairbanks, H. W. Mineral Deposits of Eastern California." American Geologist 17 (March 1896), 144-58.

Fairbanks (Ralph (Dad) J. "My Seventy-three Years on Southwestern Deserts." Touring Topics 22 (June 1930), 20-26.

Ferguson, Henry. "Mining Districts of Nevada." Economic Geology 24 (March & April 1929), 115-48.

Fisk, O.J. "Ghosts of Greenwater." Westways (November 1940), n. p.

Foshag, William Frederick. "Famous Mineral Localities: Furnace Creek, Death Valley." American Mineralogist 9 (January 1924), 8-10.

Hardy, Charles. "Monorail Transportation for Magnesium Ore in California." Engineering and Mining Journal-Press 21 July 1923.

Harris, Frank. "Half a Century Chasing Rainbows." Touring Topics 22 (October 1930), 18-20.

Hensher, Man. "Earle Clemens and the Rhyolite Herald: Twentieth-Century Nevada Pioneers." Southern California Quarterly 49 (September 1967), 311-25.

Hopper, S. H. "Geologic Section from the Sierra Nevada to Death Valley, California." Geologic Society of America, Bulletin 58 (1947), 393-432.

Johnson, B.K. "Geology of a part of the Manly Peak Quadrangle, Southern Panamint Range, California." California University, Department of Geologic Science, Publication XXX, 45 (1957), 353-423.

Johnston, Philip. "America's Great Natural Chemical Crucible." Touring Topics 19 (September 1927), 14-17, 33-35.

______. "Cities that Passed in the Night." Touring Topics 19 (April 1927).

______. "Days--and Nights--in Old Panamint." Touring Topics 20 (December 1928), 22-25, 50-51.

______. "Skidoo Has 23'd." Westways (February 1936), n.p.

______. "To the Roof of the Panamints." Touring Topics 19 (October 1927), 20-23, 37-44.

Leadabrand, Russ, "Boom and Bust at Leadfield." Desert Magazine 20 (January 1957), 11-12.

Leuba, Edmond. "A Frenchman in the Panamints." California Historical Society Quarterly 17 (September 1938), 208-18.

Lewis, Lucien M. "He Was In On The Bullfrog Jackpot." Desert Magazine 10 (December 1946), 20-21.

MacMurphy, F. "Geology of the Panamint Silver District, California." Economic Geology 25 (1930), 305-25.

Maguire, Don. "Death Valley." Scientific American Supplement 55 (April 1903), 22838-39.

Mannix, Frank P. "Bullfrog and Its Suburbs." Harpers Weekly 52 (April 11, 1908), 20-21.

Maxson, J. H. "Physiographic Features of the Panamint Range, California." Geological Society of America, Bulletin 61 (1950), 99-114.

McAlester, Benjamin. "Railroad Taps Death Valley." Technical World 23 (July 1915), 49899.

Murbarger, Nell. "Ghost Town Dwellers." Desert Magazine 22 (February 1959), 4-8.

Murphy, F.M. "Ore Deposits of Panamint Range." Pan American Geologist 51 (1929), 370-71.

Neal, Howard. "Desert Ghosts: Schwab, California." Desert Magazine 40 (November 1977), 42-43.

Nelson, E.W. "The Panamint and Saline Valley Indians." American Anthropologist 4 (October 1891), 371-72.

Noble, Levi F. "Structural Features of the Virgin Spring Area, Death Valley, California." Geologic Society of America, Bulletin 52 (July 1941), 941-1000.

Norman, Sidney. "Furnace Was My Town." Calico Print 9 (September 1953), 8-33.

Overholt, Alma. "Death Valley's Road to Nowhere." World's Work 59 (July 1930), 4851.

"Portraits and Biographies of Prominent Engineers, Miners, and Business Men of Nevada." Successful American 12 (August 1906).

Raymond, Rossiter W. "A Glossary of Mining and Metallurgical Terms." American Institute of Mining Engineers, Transactions 9 (1881).

Rood, Standish. "The Lost Ledge." Whittaker's Milwaukee Monthly Magazine 4 (1872), 41-46, 89-94.

Russell, Asa M. (Panamint Russ). "Life on the Desert." Desert Magazine 18 (April 1955), 13-14.

______. "We Lost a Ledge of Gold!" Desert Magazine 31 (November 1968), 14-17, 34-35.

Spears, John R. Through Death Valley." California Illustrated (February 1893), 31231,

Spurr, J. E. "Genetic Relations of Western Nevada Ores." American Institute of Miring and Metallurgical Engineers, Transactions 36 (1906), 382-83.

Stewart, Robert. "Making a Resort of Death Valley: The World's New Unique Winter Playground." The Mentor (August 1928), 41-48.

Strong, William M. "Gold Days in the Bullfrog Hills. Ghost Town News 5 (June 1942), 3-4.

Sumner, E.L., Jr. "Golden Eagle in Death Valley." Condor 31 (May 1909), 127ff.

Tallman., Clay. "The Bullfrog District." American Mining Congress Proceeding 12 (1909), 428-37.

Thompson, N.M. "Historic Photos of the High-Riding 'Magnesium Flyer.'" Desert Magazine 26 (January 1963), 12-15.

Trego, Peggy. "Pathway to Rhyolite." Desert Magazine 23 (April 1960), 33.

U.S. Borax and Chemical Co. "100 Years of U.S. Borax," (1872-1972). Pioneer (1972), 26-61.

Van Name, E.J. "Death Valley Trails." Overland Monthly and Out West Magazine (April 1932), 71-73, 93.

Von Blon, John L. "A 'Garden of Allah' in Death Valley." Scientific American (April 1926), 242-43.

Wallace, William J. "Archaeological Investigations in Death Valley National Monument, 1952-1957." University of California Archaeological Survey 42 (1958).

______, and Taylor, Edith S. "Archaeology of Wild Rose Canyon, Death Valley." American Antiquity 20 (April 1955), 355-67.

______. "Death Valley Indian Use of Caves and Rockshelters." The Masterkey 52 (October-December 1978), 125-31.

______, and Taylor, Edith S.: "The Surface Archeology of Butte Valley, Death Valley National Monument." Contributions to California Archaeology (Los Angeles: Archeological Research Assoc., 1956), 1-13.

Weight, Harold O. "Leadfield Died of Complications." Desert Magazine 40 (November 1977), 34-46.

______. "A Summer Visit to the Panamints." Desert Magazine 23 (July 1960).

Wheat, Carl I. "The Forty-Niners in Death Valley: A Tentative Census." Historical Society of Southern California Quarterly (December 1939), 1-16.

______. "Pioneer Visitors to Death Valley After the Forty-Niners." California Historical Society Quarterly 18 (Summer 1939), 3ff.

______. "Trailing the 49ers Through Death Valley." Sierra Club Bulletin 24 (June 1939).

5. Newspapers

Beatty (Nev.) Bullfrog Miner, 8 April 1905 - 24 October 1908.

Bishop Creek (Cal.) Times, 12 November 1881 - 3 June 1882

Bullfrog (Nev.) Miner (later published in Rhyolite, Hey.), 31 March 1905 -25 September 1909

Coso Mining News (Darwin, Cal.), 6 November 1875 - 10 November 1877

Greenwater (Cal.) Times, 23 October, 6 November 1907

Inyo Independent (Independence, Cal.), 11 November 1871 - July 1938-39

Inyo Register (Bishop, Cal.), 1885-1918

Los Angeles Times 12 February, 2, 23 April 1939

Panamint (Cal.) News 26 November 1874 - 21 October 1875

Rhyolite (Nov.) Daily Bulletin 23 September 1907 - 31 May 1909

Rhyolite (Nev.) Herald 5 May 1905 - 22 June 1912

Sacramento Union 1865 - 1900 (scattered issues)

San Bernardino (Cal.) Argus 10 July 1873

San Bernardino (Cal. ) Guardian 17 August, 1 November 1873

San Francisco Call, 12 July 1891, 28 May 1893

San Francisco Chronicle 8, 9, 14 October 1902; 16 October 1904 5 October 1906; 23 March 1930; 23 January, 19 February 1931

San Francisco Examiner 8 March 1916, 14 November 1926

6. Journals

American Journal of Mining (New York), March 1866 - June 1869

Death Valley Chuck-Walla (Greenwater, Cal.), 1 January - 1 June 1907

Death Valley Magazine (Rhyolite, Nev.), January-October 1908

Death Valley Prospector (Rhyolite, Nev.), November-December 1907

Engineering and Mining Journal (New York), January 1883 - December 1923

Mining & Scientific Press (San Francisco), June 1860 - 1922

Mining Journal (Phoenix; AKA Arizona Mining Journal), June 1918 - 30 April 1946

Mining World (Chicago; AKA Mining & Engineering World) January 1906 - December 1916

7. U.S. Geological Survey--Bulletins

Ball, Sydney H. "Notes on ore deposits of southwestern Nevada and eastern California." Contributions to Economic Geology, 1905. (Bulletin No. 285.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1906.

______. "A geologic reconnaissance in Southwestern Nevada and eastern California." (Bulletin No. 308.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1907.

Campbell, Marius R. "Reconnaissance of the borax deposits of Death Valley and Mohave desert." (Bulletin No. 200.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1902.

Chidester, A.H.; Engel, A.E.J.; and Wright, L. A. "Talc resources of the United States." (Bulletin No. 1167.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1964. Contributions to Economic Geology, 1912--Part I (Bulletin No. 540.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1914.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr. "Geology of the Willow Springs and Rosamond quadrangles, California." (Bulletin No. 1089-C.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1963.

Douglas, E. M. "Boundaries, areas, geographic centers...." (Bulletin Nos. 817, 237.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1930.

Gale, Hoyt S. "Salt, borax, and potash in Saline Valley, Inyo County, California." (Bulletin No. 540.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1914.

Hall; W.E. "Geology of the Panamint Butte quadrangle, Inyo County, California." (Bulletin No. 1299.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1971.

Hewett, D.F.; Callaghan, Eugene Moore, B.N.; Nolan, T.B.; Rubey, W.W.; and Schaller, W.T. "Mineral resources of the region around Boulder Dam." (Bulletin No. 871.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1936.

Hill, J.M. "The mining districts of the western United States." (Bulletin No. 507.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1912.

Johnson, M.G. "Placer gold deposits of Nevada." (Bulletin No. 1356.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1973.

Mansfield, G. R., and Boardman, Leona, "Nitrate Deposits of the United States." (Bulletin No. 838.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1932.

Nobel, F.L., et al. "Nitrate deposits in the Amargosa region, southeastern California." (Bulletin No. 724.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1922.

Ransome, F.L. "Preliminary account of Goldfield, Bullfrog, and other mining districts in southern Nevada." (Bulletin No. 303.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1907.

______; Emmons, W.H.; and Garrey, G.H. "Geology and ore deposits of the Bullfrog district, Nevada." (Bulletin No. 407.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1910.

Spurn, J.E. "Descriptive geology of Nevada south of the fortieth parallel and adjacent portions of California." (Bulletin No. 208.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1903.

White, D. E. "Antimony deposits of the Wildrose Canyon area, Inyo County, California." (Bulletin No. 922-K.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1940.

U.S. Geological Survey--Professional Papers

Anderson, R.E.; Ekren, E.B.; and Healey, D.L. "Possible buried mineralized areas in Nye and Esmeralda Counties, Nevada." (Paper No. 525-D.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1965.

Cornwall, H.R., and Kleinhampl, F. J. "Geology of Bullfrog quadrangel and ore deposits related to Bullfrog Hills caldera, Nye County, Nevada, and Inyo County, California." (Paper No, 454-J.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1964.

Denny, C.S. "Alluvial fans in the Death Valley region, California and Nevada." (Paper No. 466.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1965.

Drewes, Harold. "Geology of the Funeral Peak quadrangle, California, on the east flank of Death Valley." (Paper No. 413.) Washington: Government Printing Officer 1963.

Knopf, Adolph. "A geologic reconnaissance of the Inyo Range and the eastern slope of the Sierra Nevada, California." (Paper No. 110.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1918.

Koschmann, AH., and Bergendahl, M.H. "Principal gold-producing districts of the United States." (Paper No. 610.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1968.

Ward, F. N.; Nakagawa, H.M.; and Hunt, C.B. "Geochemical investigation of molybdenum at Nevares Spring in Death Valley, California." Article #207 in Short papers in the geological sciences. (Paper No. 400-B.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1960.

U.S. Geological Survey--Water-Supply Papers

Miendenhall, W.C. "Some desert watering places in southeastern California and southwestern Nevada." (Paper No. 224.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1909.

Pistrang, M.A., and Kunkel, Fred. "A brief geologic and hydrologic reconnaissance of the Furnance Creek Wash area, Death Valley National Monument, California." (Paper No. 1779-Y.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1964.

Thompson, David G. "Routes to desert watering places in the Mohave Desert region, California." (Paper No. 490-B). Washington: Government Printing Office, 1921.

"The Mohave Desert region, California: a geographic, geologic, and hydrologic reconnaissance." (Paper No. 578.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1929.

Waring, G.A. "Springs of California." (Paper No. 338.) Washington: Government Printing Office, 1915.

U.S Geological Survey--Others

Gale, Hoyt S. "The Lila C. borax mine at Ryan, Cal." Mineral Resources of the United States Calendar Year 1911. Part II--Nonmetallic products. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1912.

U. S. Geological Survey. General Geology of Death Valley California. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1966.

Yale, Charles C. "Borax." Mineral Resources of the United States for the years 1889 and 1890. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1892.

"Gold, silver, lead, and zinc; Calif., Oregon." Mineral Resources of the United States for the year 1907. Part I--Metallic products. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1908.

8. California (State)

State Mining Bureau. Annual Reports of the State Mineralogist, 1880-1932. Sacramento: State Printing Office, 1880-1932.

______. Bulletins, Nos. 1-122, 144, 170. Sacramento; State Printing Office, 1888-1924. San Francisco: Div. of Mines, Dept. of Natural Resources, 1925-1942, 1948, 1956.

______. Journal of Mines and Geology. Quarterly chapters of the State mineralogist's reports, 1933-43, 1951-53, 1956-57, 1959. Sacramento: State Printing Office, 1933-43, 1951-53, 1956-57, 1959.

______. Preliminary Report No. 5. Antimony, Graphite, Nickel, Potash, Strontium, Tin. Sacramento: State Printing Office, 1918.

______. Register of Mines and Minerals, Inyo County, California. San Francisco, 1902.

Division of Mines and Geology. Jennings, C.W. Geologic Map of California, Death Valley sheet. Olaf P. Jenkins, ed. San Francisco, 1958.

______. Information Circular No. 34. "Notes on Current Mining Activity in California. San Francisco, 1948.

______. Special Reports 8, 20, 42, 51, 73, 88, 95, 125. San Francisco, 1951-52, 1955, 1958, 1963, 1965, 1968, 1976.

9. Nevada (State)

Bureau of Mines and Geology. Bulletins 2, 6, 38, 40, 50, 61, 77. Carson City: State Printing Office, 1929, 1932, 1943-44, 1950, 1963, 1972.

______. Report 26. Papke, Keith C. Guidebook: Las Vegas to Death Valley and Return. Mackay School of Mines. Reno: University of Nevada, 1975.

10. Manuscript Materials

Boulder, Colorado. University of Colorado Library, Western History Collection. Margaret Long Collection, #281.

Carson City, Nevada. Nevada Secretary of State. Articles of Incorporation, 1869-1978.

Death Valley, California. Death Valley National Monument Library. "Niter Lands of California. Photo Album, property of A.W. Scott, Jr.', ca. 1910.

Mining Office Files. Mineral Reports.

Independence, California. Inyo County Courthouse. Deed Books.

______. ______. Land and Water Claims, Mill Sites. Books A-B.

______. ______. Land, Water and Mining Claims, Inyo County. Books A, B, D-1.

______. ______. Mining Locations, Books 11, 20, 23,25; Vols. 10, 12, 48.

______. ______. Office Records, Vol. 65.

______. ______. Panamint Mining District Claims (Panamint Mining Register), containing Notices of Location. Filed July 8, 1897. Books A-F (not labelled).

______. ______. Proof of Labor Books.

______. ______. Wild Rose Mining District Notices of Location, Record Book F.

Reno, Nevada. Nevada Historical Society. Chickering, Martha A. "The Saga of an Old-Time Prospector."

______. ______. Cook, George E. Mimeographed autobiography, 1961.

______. ______. Decker, R. Correspondence regarding Death Valley Mining Company, 1892. Mss #530.

______. ______. Geary, William Paul. Letter to Ed Steineck, May 1905.

______. ______. Granite Contact Mines Company, correspondence, 1908. Mss #833.

______. ______. Las Vegas & Tonopah Railroad Filing map, 1906. Map #1906m.

______. ______. Map of the Bullfrog Mining District, 1907. Map #1907m.

______. ______. Map of Bullfrog Mining District, Nye County, Nevada. From W.H. Shearer, Atlas of the Goldfield Tonopah and Bullfrog Mining Districts of Nevada, 1905.

______. ______. Map of Tonopah, Goldfield & Bullfrog Mining Districts and Region Adjacent Showing Railroads, Wagon Roads and Trails, 1905. Map #1905s.

______. ______. Moffat, Emma Louise Presser. Manuscript biography of life in early Rhyolite. Mss #1398, NC1O9.

______. ______. New Official Map of Bullfrog Mining District. U.S. Dept. of Mineral Surveys, 1905. Map #1905u.

______. ______. Rhyolite town plat. Department of Interior Land Office, 1908. Map #1908k.

______. University of Nevada-Reno Library. John S. Cook & Company bank ledgers, 1906-1908. Mss#NC35.

San Francisco. National Park Service, Western Regional Office Library. Map of the Bullfrog Mining District, Nye County, Nevada. Compliments of The Forward Development Mining Company, ca 1907.

Tonopah, Nevada. Nye County Recorder's Office. Assessment Rolls, Nye County, 1905-1978.

______. ______. Deed Books, Nye County, 1904-1978.

______. ______. Index to Mining Locations, 1865-1977.

______. ______. Index to Mining Locators, 1865-1977.

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Last Updated: 22-Dec-2003