Science & Research

Scientific Research and Collection Permits

A Scientific Research and Collecting Permit is required for activities pertaining to natural resources or social science studies conducted on Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument that involve fieldwork, specimen collection and/or have the potential to disturb resources or visitors. Thus, social science surveys, monitoring, and collecting activities all require a Research Permit, as does traditional, hypothesis-driven, research.

To apply for a scientific research and collecting permit on Parashant's "Research Permit and Reporting System" website, visit The RPRS website has information on the necessary procedures and requirements. Please note that it takes at least 8 weeks to process a research permit request and conduct environmental and cultural compliance analysis. If a project may take place in designated Wilderness within BLM-managed lands or proposed Wilderness within NPS-managed lands, additional review is required. Please see for more information about research in wilderness. To discuss your project, please e-mail the monument's research staff.

To learn about Parashant's natural resources, visit the Mojave Desert Inventory and Monitoring Networkfor detailed and interesting information, videos, and more. The site includes the NPSpecies data widget and other detailed information for researchers.

Acoustic Station

Acoustical Monitoring

Recording equipment set up in remote areas of Parashant National Monument captures 24/7 data on the acoustic environment, including natural and manmade sounds. Data collected creates a baseline for understanding natural sound conditions. Studying acoustic environment helps preserve visitor experience of wilderness characteristics like solitude and quiet.



Scenic quality of a wide variety of sites across the Monument is assessed by considering features like vistas, air quality and uniqueness. Inventories consider the impacts of activities that might occur on adjactent lands such as strip mining, billboard construction and wind farming and the effect on Parashant's viewsheds and visitor experience of wilderness.


Bat Research

Bats are carefully caught in mist nets to identify species, gender, age and health. So far, third party researchers collecting baseline data have identified nearly 20 bat species, including six sensitive species. Information gathered helps assess the health of Parashant bat populations, an indicator of overall ecosystem health.



The largely wild and undisturbed dry caves of the Monument represent time capsules that harbor items like ice age fossils, cultural artifacts, unique wildlife and geologic features. Research is focused on biodiversity, fossils and microbial crusts. The precious resources within caves help deepen our understanding of climate change and the natural history of the Southwest.

Weather Station

Weather Stations

Ten weather stations situated across the Monument collect comprehensive data on weather and precipitation trends. Data sets reach far beyond the traditional scope of weather pertaining to fire operations in high elevation ponderosa pine forests. A focus on precipitation and soil moisture yields high quality, localized data that is much more specific than that provided by remote satelite weather reports.

Water Quality Sampling

Water Quality

Naturally occurring springs used heavily by grazing animals in the past are being monitoring and mapped. Site visits, surveys and mapping provide climate change indicators and useful data on aquifer health. Sites are revisited yearly to track the changing dynamics of recovering springs and the impact of climate change on adjusting riparian areas.

Relict Leopard Frog, Rana Onca

Relict Leopard Frog

A conservation agreement between Parashant National Monument and a team of state and federal organizations allowed for the re-introduction of the relict leopard frog to Tassi Springs. This back-up population ensures the continued survival of a species that could be designated as "threatened" in the future. Currently, the population at Tassi is deemed "stable" to "declining" as the frogs adjust to their habitat.

Pakoon Restoration

Pakoon Restoration

The largest spring system on Parashant National Monument, Pakoon Springs was heavily modified for agricultural purposes in the past. Rehabilitating the spring has involved removing manmade structures, contouring the land to mimic natural flow patterns, and encouraging the return of native vegetation and animal use. Since the spring is open to the public, Pakoon is a great place to learn about the intricacies of healing altered and damaged ecosystems.


Invasive Plant Monitoring

This ongoing attempt to learn the locations and population sizes of invasive plant species involves collecting transect data and vegetation mapping. Since invasive species like cheat grass play a dangerous role in the fire cycle, this data has serious implications for preserving ecosystem health. It may also increase public awareness of the role people play in the accidental spread of invasive plant species.


Vegetation Mapping

The inventory and mapping of vegetation species and communities helps managers conserve plant biodiversity, manage challenges such as exotic species, insect outbreaks, and diseases, and understand resources and processes such and wildlife habitat relationships and wildland fires. The NPS portion of Parashant National Monument was mapped from 2009-2015. See this ERMA page for more resources.


Vital Signs Monitoring

This project involves long-term monitoring of large springs and small, arid springs in the Mojave Desert. Researchers collect data on water volume, chemistry and flow. Since water in this area drains to the Colorado River, data collected may provide useful in gauging the volume of water in this critically important river. In addition to hydrology, researchers also inventory riparian plant and animal species like the rare Grand Wash springsnail.


Rehabilitating Mojave Desert Ecosystem

Efforts to restore the Mojave Desert ecosystem after catastrophic fires include regenerating native plant species and suppressing invasive species. The threatened Mojave Desert tortoise and the iconic Joshua Tree both stand to benefit from this important rehabilitation. Rebuilding the natural Mojave Desert and providing healthy habitat for threatened species will help to ensure that fewer new restrictions apply to land use in the future.


Rangeland Condition Assessments

In a long-term monitoring project of pinyon-juniper/shrub areas, researchers gather data on the current status of vegetation and soils. Plots are measured for soil stability, hydrologic function and biotic integrity. In the future, plots will be revisited to gauge trends related to grazing managment and restoration. These lots provide windows to see through time and determine how the environment is changing.


Dark Sky Monitoring

After receiving an International Night Sky Province designation in 2013, Parashant National Monument began efforts at long duration starlight monitoring. The first park unit to custom design software and instruments for measuring starlight, Parashant has erected three remote, solar-powered stations that use photometric instruments to measure the illumination for stars in lux units.

Last updated: February 10, 2021

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