According to Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument's Foundation plan, which is the guiding document for all managment decisions for the monuement, the purpose of Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument is to:
- Perpetuate for future generations a representative sample of the natural and cultural resources of the Sonoran Desert and provide for public understanding, safe use, and enjoyment of the same.
- Serve as a natural laboratory for understanding and managing the Sonoran Desert ecosystem.
- Serve as a baseline indicator against which environmental changes can be identified.
- Preserve for future use and enjoyment the character and values of this designated wilderness.