Cultural Landscape Report
Angel Island Immigration Station, California Department of Parks and Recreation, Golden Gate National Recreation Area
Serving as the primary tool to inform site planning and guide management decisions, the Angel Island Immigration Station Cultural Landscape Report promotes the stewardship of this nationally significant landscape that was a touchstone for millions of American families.
Between 1907 and 1940, the Angel Island Immigration Station, located in San Francisco Bay, served as the primary portal for immigration and emigration on the West Coast, with approximately one million people passing through its doors. During World War II, the U.S. Army assumed control of the site, using it as a prisoner of war camp. Its significance was finally recognized in 1997 when activism led to its designation as a National Historic Landmark.
A cooperative planning process ensued several years later when the Angel Island Immigration Station Foundation, the California Department of Parks and Recreation, and the National Park Service organized two public workshops to discuss the immigration station's future. As a result, this cultural landscape report was initiated. The three-volume report documents the site's history, existing conditions, and significance, proposing a site-wide rehabilitation treatment approach. This decision not only acknowledges the importance of preserving the existing historic fabric but also recognizes the need to reanimate the abandoned cultural landscape with human activity.