Illustration 2: Artist's view of Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site in the 1950s.
(National Park Service, J. Kenneth Townsend, illustrator)
In the 1950s, the National Park Service restored the surviving buildings on the site to represent Hopewell Furnace during the period from 1820-1840. This view shows the restored historic site.
Key to Illustration 2
1. Roads used to carry raw materials to the furnace and finished products to market
2. 1853 anthracite furnace that was meant to modernize Hopewell's operations. The experiment failed
3. Recreated charcoal hearth
4. Charcoal house, which could hold 90,000 bushels, and the shed where the charcoal was cooled
5. Furnace bank, connecting shed, and bridge house, where charcoal, limestone, and ore were carried to the furnace
6. Water wheel that drove the blast machinery
7. Hopewell store
8. Cast house
10. Shed where castings were cleaned before shipment
11. Blacksmith shop
12. Ruins of a schoolhouse built by the company in 1837
13. Tenant houses
14. Barn, accommodating 36 horses or mules
15. Spring house for perishable foods
16. Smoke house and bake oven
17. Ironmaster's mansion or "Big House." Built in three stages, the house had 19 rooms on four floors
18. East headrace that carried water from a nearby creek to the water wheel
Questions for Illustration 2
1. Locate the ironmaster's mansion and the tenant houses. Why do you think the ironmaster and the workers lived so close to the furnace? What do you think it might have been like to live so close to the furnace?
2. How is the drawing different from or similar to what you imagined the site would look like based on the readings?
3. This drawing represents the appearance of the restored Hopewell Furnace Historic Site. How would it differ from a drawing showing the village when the furnace was in operation? What do you think it would have been like to live there then?
* The illustration on this screen has a resolution of 72 dots per inch (dpi), and therefore will print poorly. You can obtain a larger version of Illustration 2, but be aware that the file will take as much as 45 seconds to load with a 28.8K modem.