Camera icon. This link bypasses navigation taking you directly to the contents of this page.

How to Use the Images


Inquiry Question

Historical Context



Photo 1 & Illustration 1
Photo 2
Photo 3
Photo 5


Table of

Visual Evidence

Photo 4: Valencia Rancho. [Photo 4] with link to larger version of photo.
(National Park Service, Betsy Swanson, photographer)


This photo looks west from the main Valencia Rancho house across the valley. In 1983, when the photo was taken, the rancho's cultivated fields, watered by original irrigation ditches, and its orchards and pasture lands remained in traditional use as built, plotted, and planted by the original settlers.

Questions for Photos 4

1. The East Pecos Acequia lies just behind the fence and the Pecos River is visible running across the center of the photo. The irrigation system in the valley is still held in communal ownership. An elected mayordomo, or ditch boss, assigns maintenance work and water rights. Why do you suppose this traditional system is still in use?

2. The horses are grazing in fields that will be soon be planted with hay and other crops. How do you think these photos would compare with 19th century views?

3. The storage shed shown in this photo is built of adobe and logs. Although houses often reflected current fashions in architectural design, functional structures necessary to the operations of a rancho changed very little. Why do you think this would be the case?

* The photo on this screen has a resolution of 72 dots per inch (dpi), and therefore will print poorly. You can obtain a larger version of Photo 4, but be aware that the file will take as much as 30 seconds to load with a 28.8K modem.



Comments or Questions

National Park Service arrowhead with link to NPS website.