Camera icon. This link bypasses navigation taking you directly to the contents of this page.

How to Use the Images


Inquiry Question

Historical Context



Drawing 1
Painting 1
Photo 2


Table of

Visual Evidence

Photo 1: Pigeon's Ranch, 1880. [Photo 1] with link to larger version of photo.
(Photo by Ben Wittide; Courtesy Museum of New Mexico, Neg. No. 15783)

The first known photographs of the battlefield sites in Apache Canyon and Glorieta Pass were taken in 1880. This 1880 photo shows Pigeon's Ranch much the same as it probably appeared on March 28, 1862. The Santa Fe Trail runs in between ranch structures. Initial contact between the Texans and Pike's Peak miners occurred half a mile up the trail towards Glorieta Pass and west of the ranch, in the area shown in the upper right hand corner of the picture. Colonel Slough pulled his forces back to form a second defensive line of battle anchored at the center around the ranch buildings.

Questions for Photo 1

1. What are your immediate impressions of the terrain surrounding the ranch?

2. Why might the ranch have been a good defensive position with the Union cannon located on the trail?

3. Compare Photo 1 with Painting 1. What information does the photograph provide that the painting lacks? What information does the painting provide that the photograph lacks?

* The photo on this screen has a resolution of 72 dots per inch (dpi), and therefore will print poorly. You can obtain a larger version of Photo 1, but be aware that the file will take as much as 36 seconds to load with a 28.8K modem.



Comments or Questions

National Park Service arrowhead with link to NPS website.