This lesson is based on the National Register of Historic Places registration files "Oriskany Battlefield" (with photographs) and "Fort Stanwix" (with photographs), accounts of people who lived during this period, and other source materials. The Battle of Oriskany was written by Mike Kusch, Chief of Visitor Services, and Susan Jones, Park Ranger, both at Fort Stanwix National Monument. The lesson was edited by Jean West, education consultant, and the Teaching with Historic Places staff. TwHP is sponsored, in part, by the Cultural Resources Training Initiative and Parks as Classrooms programs of the National Park Service. This lesson is one in a series that brings the important stories of historic places into the classrooms across the country.
Note to Educators: Because the terms used to describe the people who fought in the American Revolutionary War can be confusing and misleading, this lesson refers to those who fought for the American cause as "Rebels" rather than "Patriots" and those who fought for the British cause as "Tories" rather than "Loyalists."
It is also important to discuss the meaning of the word "savage," which appears in the primary sources quoted in the lesson. In the 18th century, people frequently called American Indians savages as a way of identifying them apart from European Americans. The word savage in its negative connotation was applied to any person, regardless of ethnic or racial background, who did not conform to European standards.
Where it fits into the curriculum
Objectives for students
Materials for students
Visiting the site
Fort Stanwix National Monument, administered by the National Park Service, is located in downtown Rome, New York at the intersections of Routes 69, 26, 49, and 46. For more information, contact the Superintendent, Fort Stanwix National Monument, 112 E. Park Street, Rome, NY 13440, or visit the park's Web site. Both sites are closed for part of the year due to winter snow, so please contact them before visiting.