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Inquiry Question

Historical Context





Table of

The Forts of Old San Juan:
Guardians of the Caribbean--
Supplementary Resources

By looking at The Forts of Old San Juan: Guardians of the Caribbean, students explore the history of these Spanish fortifications. Those interested in learning more will find that the Internet offers a variety of interesting materials.

San Juan National Historic Site
Visit the San Juan National Historic Site Web pages to learn more about Puerto Rico's historic defensive fortifications. The site also offers on-line documents including The Defenses of San Juan, a chapter from The Eighteenth Century Caribbean & The British Attack on Puerto Rico in 1797.

Historic Places in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
The National Register of Historic Places' on-line travel itinerary, Historic Places in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands provides information on over 52 places listed in the National Register, including San Juan National Historic Site, that teach us about the contributions made by various peoples who settled in Puerto Rico and the American Virgin Islands.

Welcome to Puerto Rico
This Web site features information on several aspects of Puerto Rico's history and culture. The site's History pages provide a timeline of Puerto Rico's history from the 16th century to the present day. Also included on the site is information on Puerto Rico's architecture.

Library of Congress
The Library of Congress's Hispanic Reading Room on-line collections include Spain, The United States, & The American Frontier: Historias Paralelas. These pages feature maps, rare books, manuscripts, prints, and photographs related to Spanish influence and interaction with other cultures in North America, the Caribbean, and Mexico between 1492-1898.

Search the American Memory Collection for primary resources on San Juan and El Morro. Of particular note is Built in America, a collection of measured and interpretive drawings, large-format photographs, and written historical and descriptive data from the Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) and the Historic American Engineering Record (HAER). Search the collection using keywords "San Juan, Puerto Rico" and "El Morro."

Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute
The Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute is an educational partnership between Yale University and the New Haven Public Schools designed to strengthen teaching and learning in schools. The Web site features curricular resources produced by teachers participating in Institute seminars. Resources relevant to Puerto Rico include Spain in Puerto Rico: The Early Settlements, Puerto Rico: Its Land, History, Culture, and Literature, and The Heritage and Culture of Puerto Ricans.

The Avalon Project at the Yale Law School
The Avalon Project's Web pages offer on-line documents relevant to the fields of Law, History, Economics, Politics, Diplomacy and Government. Included on the site is the text of the Treaty of Peace Between the United States and Spain (Treaty of Paris), which officially ended the Spanish American War.

Maritime Heritage Program
The National Park Service's Maritime Heritage Program works to advance awareness and understanding of the role of maritime affairs in the history of the United States by helping to interpret and preserve our maritime heritage. The program's Web pages include information on National Park Service maritime parks, historic ships, lighthouses, and life saving stations.

UNESCO's World Heritage Program
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) established the World Heritage program in 1972 in an effort to ensure that future generations can inherit the natural and cultural treasures of the past. San Juan National Historic Site is among the hundreds of World Heritage Sites designated thus far. Visit the program's Web pages to learn more about these sites.


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