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the Readings


Inquiry Question

Historical Context


Reading 1
Reading 2



Table of

Determining the Facts

Reading 3: The Gettysburg Address
November 19, 1863

With more than two years of war gone by, and with no certain end in sight, President Abraham Lincoln needed to reassure, buoy, and rededicate the spirit of the nation to continue the struggle until its ultimate end. He accomplished this when he was asked to deliver "a few appropriate remarks" at the dedication of a cemetery for the Gettysburg Union dead:

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.

But, in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate­we cannot consecrate­we can not hallow­this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us­that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion­­that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain­­that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom­­and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

1. How long after the battle did Lincoln give his address?

2. What did he say about the men who were buried in the cemetery?

3. How did he give meaning to their sacrifice?

4. What was it that Lincoln wanted the people of the United States to do for the dead soldiers?




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