Illustration 1: Map of Saugus, Lynn, and Nahant from Alonzo Lewis, History of Lynn, Boston, 1844.
Saugus was chosen as the site for an ironworks because of the availability of the four necessary natural resources--water, iron ore, charcoal, and flux.
Questions for Illustration 1 & Chart 1
1. Study Illustration 1 and Chart 1. Illustration 1 is a section of a 19th-century map drawn to show how the region looked in the 1600s and 1700s. Locate the towns of Saugus, Lynn, and Nahant, and the site of the ironworks.
2. Using Illustration 1 and Chart 1, suggest why Saugus might have been a good spot for an ironworks. Why would it have been important for an iron furnace to be close to needed raw materials?
3. Locate the sites where the natural resources described in Chart 1 were found. How do they think gabbro was transported to the ironworks from Nahant?
4. What can you conclude about the relationship between the location of natural resources and the establishment of the industry? What can you conclude about where the iron products would be marketed?
* The illustration on this screen has a resolution of 72 dots per inch (dpi), and therefore will print poorly. You can obtain a high quality version of Illustration 1, but be aware that the file will take as much as 34 seconds to load with a 28.8K modem.