About This Lesson
This lesson plan is based on the National Register of Historic Places registration file, "Eisenhower National Historic Site" (with photographs).It was written by Carol A. Hegeman, Supervisory Historian, Eisenhower National Historic Site and edited by Fay Metcalf, education consultant. TwHP is sponsored, in part, by the Cultural Resources Training Initiative and Parks as Classrooms programs of the National Park Service. This lesson is one in a series that brings the important stories of historic places into the classrooms across the country.
Where it fits into the curriculum
Topics: The lesson could be used in American history units on the Cold War, or in government and world affairs courses for units on negotiation and conflict resolution. Students will sharpen their skills in using primary documents and in interpreting maps and visual data.
Time period: 1950s
Relevant United States History Standards for Grades 5-12
Relevant Curriculum Standards for Social Studies
Find your state's social studies and history standards for grades Pre-K-12
Objectives for students
1) To define and describe the Cold War.
2) To explain Eisenhower's personal style of diplomacy and how he used it effectively during the Cold War.
3) To describe the role Eisenhower's Gettysburg farm played in easing Cold War tensions.
4) To analyze and evaluate public papers and transcripts of presidential news conferences.
5) To investigate the impact of the Cold War period on their own community.
Materials for students
The materials listed below either can be used directly on the computer or can be printed out, photocopied, and distributed to students. The map and photos appear twice: in a low-resolution version with associated questions and alone in a larger, high-resolution version.
1) a map of Eisenhower's Gettysburg farm and surrounding region;
2) readings from transcripts of press conferences and briefing papers,
3) oral history accounts of Khrushchev's visit to Gettysburg;
4) a photo of Eisenhower and Khrushchev;
5) photos and a site plan of Eisenhower's Gettysburg farm.
Visiting the site
Eisenhower National Historic Site, administered by the National Park Service, is located in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. The site is open daily. It is closed January 1, Thanksgiving Day, and December 25. For additional information, write to the Superintendent, Eisenhower National Historic Site, 1195 Baltimore Pike, Suite 100, Gettysburg, PA 17325 or visit the park web pages.