How to Use the Images
1 & 2
Drawing 1: Aerial view of a twelve-post earthlodge. (Courtesy Department of Library Services, American Museum of Natural History, Neg. no. 2A19110)
An earthlodge is a circular, earth-covered, wooden structure. The interior is usually dug out to one foot below the ground surface. The outside edge of the excavated area has a ring of poles set into it, forming a wall. Four central roof support posts with rafters across them form a square. Poles are leaned against the Rafter Square from the top of the pole wall and across the Rafter Square, leaving only a central smoke hole. Brush is placed over the wooden frame on all sides, and the entire structure is covered with earth. The lodge is entered by a ladder through the central smoke hole or through a tunnel-like wooden entry passage built into the wall. Earthlodges were 30 to 60 feet in diameter and 10 to 15 feet high. Each housed an extended family of up to 20 people along with the family's best hunting and war horses.
Questions for Drawing 1
1. Examine the earthlodge layout. What activities do you think took place in the earthlodge?
2. Why do you think the horses were kept inside?
3. What do you think it might have been like to live in an earthlodge like this?
* The drawing on this screen has a resolution of 72 dots per inch
(dpi), and therefore will print poorly. You can obtain a high quality
version of Drawing 1, but be aware
that the file will take as much as 30 seconds to load with a 28.8K