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How to Use
The Readings


Inquiry Question



Chart 1



Table of

Determining the Facts

Chart 2: Brothers Aboard the USS Arizona,
December 7, 1941

Survivors in Bold Print
Twins marked with an *
1. *Anderson, Delbert J.
John Delmar
2. Allison, Andrew K.
3. Ball, William V.
Masten A.
4. Becker, Harvey Herman
Marvin Otto
Wesley Paulson
5. Birdsell, Ryan Delois
6. Bromley, George Edward
7. Chandler, Donald Ross
Edwin Ray
8. Chapman, Naaman
Noel B.
9. Christiansen, Edward Lee
Harlan Carl
10. Conrad, Homer Milton, Jr.
Walter Ralph
11. Conlin, Bernard Eugene
James Leo
12. Cooper, Clarence Eugene
Kenneth Erven
13. Czarnecki, Stanley
Anthony Francis
14. Doherty, George Walter
John Albert
John Andrew
15. Flory, Max Edward
Dale Frederick
16. *Heidt, Edward Joseph
Wesley John
17. Ingalls, Richard Fitch
Theodore A.
18. Iverson, Earl Henry
Norman Kenneth
19. Jones, Daniel Pugh
Woodrow Wilson
20. Jones, Edward Ethmer
Homer Lloyd
21. Keniston, Donald Lee
Kenneth Howard
22. Kennington, Charles Cecil
Milton Homer
23. Kramb, James Henry
John David
24. Lakin, Donald Lapier
Joseph Joran
25. Livers, Raymond Edward
Wayne Nichols
26. Miller, George Stanley
Jessie Zimmer
27. Murdock, Charles Luther
Melvin Elijah
Thomas D.
28. Nichols, Alfred Ross
Louis Duffie
29. O'Bryan, George David
Joseph Benjamin
30. Shive, Malcolm Holman
Gordon E.
31. Skiles, Charley Jackson, Jr.
32. Starkovich, Charles
Joseph, Jr.
33. Velia, Galen Steve
Keith Lloyd
34. Wells, Raymond Virgil, Jr.
William B.

Father and Son:
Father: Free, Thomas Augustus
Son:William Thomas

When these young men enlisted, there was a general belief that the United states would not become involved in the war in Europe, and little thought that diplomatic and economic problems with Japan would ever result in war. Eventually legislation was passed which prohibited members of the same family from serving on the same ship.

1. Why might brothers hope to be assigned to the same ship? If they had known what was to come, do you think they would still have tried to serve on the same ship?

2. How many families had three sons on board? How many of those sons survived?

3. What else can you learn from this chart?

Information for Chart 2 comes from the USS Arizona Memorial, National Park Service.




Comments or Questions

National Park Service arrowhead with link to NPS website.