Drawing 1: Site Plan of Archeological Excavation.
(Map by Paul G. Avery)
This map shows a portion of the area that was excavated by archeologists. This area is where some of the Confederate guards lived. Each shape represents an archeological feature. A feature is an area of disturbed soil caused by human activity, such as digging a pit or building a hut. Each color represents a different type of feature. Red features are structures, yellow features are slit trenches, black features are pits and the blue ones are wells.
Slit trenches, also known as latrines, were open trenches used by the soldiers as toilets. The purple letters mark the locations of possible company streets.
Questions for Drawing 1:
1) Military regulations dictated that camps should be organized and orderly. Does this camp appear to follow regulations? Why or why not?
2) Look at the structures. Based on their shapes, how many different types of structures do you think were here?
3) Look at the tent boundary feature in the area labeled ‘B’. This line marks where a large, circular tent once stood. Notice that there are several features located in the same area as the tent. Why do you think there are so many features right around the tent?
Click for a larger version of Drawing 1.