"Comfortable Camps?" Archeology of the Confederate Guard Camp at the Florence Stockade--
By looking at the Florence Stockade, students can more easily understand the workings of a Civil War prison camp, including the living conditions of prisoners and how they coped with the prison environment. Those interested in learning more will find that the websites below offer a variety of materials on Civil War prison camps and on the Civil War generally.
National Park Service, Andersonville National Historic Site
Andersonville is probably the most well known of the Civil War prison camps. Andersonville National Historic Site is a unit of the National Park System. The park's web page details the history of the park and visitation information.
National Park Service, Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plans
Two Teaching with Historic Places (TwHP) lesson plans by the National Park Service focus on other Civil War prisoner of war camps: Andersonville: Prisoner of War Camp and Not To Be Forgotten: Camp Chase Confederate Cemetery. In addition, more than twenty of the lesson plans in the TwHP online series focus on places associated with the Civil War.
National Park Service, Civil War Website
Visit the official National Park Service Civil War Web Site. This site offers the current generation of Americans an opportunity to know, discuss, and commemorate this country's greatest national crisis, while at the same time exploring its enduring relevance in the present. The website includes a variety of helpful features and links such as the “Facts” page, which provides a detailed breakdown of the human, financial, and technological resources available to the Union and Confederacy.
National Park Service, Civil War Soldiers & Sailors System
The National Park Service's Civil War Soldiers & Sailors System is a recently created database containing facts about Civil War servicemen, lists of Civil War regiments, and descriptions of significant Civil War battles. Also on this site is a descriptive history of African-Americans in the Civil War.
National Park Service, Southeast Archeological Center
The National Park Service's Southeast Archeological Center offers a detailed discussion of their archeological investigation at Andersonville Civil War Prison. The site includes historical background and a description of the conditions at Andersonville. Teachers and students could compare the findings here with the findings outlined in this lesson.
National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)
National Archives and Records Administration offers a wealth of information about the Civil War. Included on the site is a photographic history of the Civil War. The photographs are organized into the following categories: Activities, Places, Portraits, and Lincoln's Assassination.
NARA also provides information about researching Civil War records. Included on the site is links to information about the Union and Confederate Armies.
Louisiana State University, Special Collections
The Special Collections department at Louisiana State University maintains a Civil War Center that locates, indexes, and makes available all appropriate private and public data on the internet regarding the Civil War. The site features over 4,500 links that promote interdisciplinary study of the Civil War.
The Valley of the Shadow Project
The Valley of the Shadow Project is a joint production by the University of Virginia Library and the Virginia Center for Digital History. The site offers a unique perspective of two communities, one Northern (Franklin County, Pennsylvania) and one Southern (Augusta County, VA), and their experiences during the American Civil War. Students can explore primary sources such as newspapers, letters, diaries, photographs, maps, military records, and much more.
Wright State University
Jack McKnight, the Assistant Director for Teacher Education at Wright State University, provides a unique history of an Irish immigrant who was captured at Port Hudson and taken to Andersonville Prison in The Story of One Union Soldier: Private Bernard McKnight--Massachusetts 3rd Cavalry, 1838-1864.
CensusDiggins provides information for a number of Civil War Prison Camps for both the Union and the Confederacy. Students can research individual prisons, family trees, read a transcription of a soldier's diary, and find suggestions for other forums and databases that relate to the Civil War.
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itineraries
This website offers two travel itineraries related to Civil War soldiers. These are the Civil War Era National Cemeteries: Honoring Those Who Served and Veterans Affairs National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers online itineraries.
Students interested in learning more may want to read Lonnie Speers Portals to Hell: Military Prisons of the Civil War (Harrisburg: Stackpole Books, 1997), a definitive and balanced account of the history of Civil War prisons, Civil War Prisons by William B. Hesseltine (Kent: Kent State University Press, 1997) a short and crisp synopsis of Civil War prisons or Haunted by Atrocity: Civil War Prisons in American Memory by Benjamin G. Cloyed (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2010) which examines the conflicts and problems of how Americans have chosen to remember Civil War prisons.