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Inquiry Question

Historical Context





Table of

First Battle of Manassas:
An End to Innocence--Supplementary Resources

First Battle of Manassas: An End to Innocence will help students discover how the first battle of Manassas, or Bull Run, changed the way Americans, both civilian and military, viewed the Civil War. No longer was it a romantic adventure, but a terrible reality that affected all Americans. Those interested in learning more will find that the Internet offers a variety of materials.

Manassas National Battlefield Park
Manassas National Battlefield Park is a unit of the National Park System. The park's web page details the history of the park and visitation information. Included on the site are photographs, both recent and historical, letters from the Civil War, and comprehensive histories of the battles that took place at Manassas battlefield.

National Park Service, Historical Handbook
Manassas National Battlefield Park (Bull Run)

In this online handbook about Manassas National Battlefield Park, Francis Wilshin details the first days of the Civil War and the role Manassas, Virginia played in the conflict. This handbook explores the effects of the First Battle of Bull Run, tells the story of the 2nd Battle of Bull Run, and summarizes the rest of the Civil War. Included is a guide to the area and information about the park.

National Park Service Civil War Website
Visit the official National Park Service Civil War Web Site. Offering the current generation of Americans an opportunity to know, discuss, and commemorate this country's greatest national crisis, while at the same time exploring its enduring relevance in the present, the website includes a variety of helpful features and links such as the About the Civil War page that offers a timeline and stories from various perspectives. Also included are links to Civil War Parks, NPS education programs, and much more.

National Register of Historic Places:
Manassas National Battlefield Park

The National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places with local partners created a travel itinerary along Virginia's Route 15 called "Journey Through Hollow Ground." The itinerary features a description and photographs of Manassas National Battlefield Park.

The American Battlefield Protection Program
The American Battlefield Protection Program, a division of the National Park Service, provides several detailed on-line publications on the Civil War, a list of all the Civil War related parks, and special NPS collection features on their web site.

Virginia Main Street Communities
The National Register of Historic Places' on-line travel itinerary, Virginia Main Street Communities provides information on over 50 places listed in the National Register, including Manassas National Battlefield Park, that are playing a role in the downtown revitalization of Virginia Main Street Communities, including Manassas National Battlefield Park.

National Park Service - Museum Management Program
Symbols of Battle: Civil War Flags is an online exhibit that explores the NPS collection of Civil War flags and their multiple symbolic meanings, covering concepts such as National Pride, Shared History, and the many roles flags serve on the battleground.

National Archives and Records Administration
The National Archives and Records Administration offer a wealth of information about the Civil War as well as Manassas Battlefield. Included on the site when searching "first battle of Manassas" is a special collection of photographs covering many aspects of the Civil War. Another interesting search on "Civil War records" provides comprehensive Union and Confederate records.

Library of Congress
The Library of Congress created a selected Civil War photograph history in their "American Memory" collection. Included on the site is a photographic time line of the Civil War covering major events for each year of the war.

The Valley of the Shadow
For a valuable resource on the Civil War, visit the University of Virginia's Valley of the Shadow Project. The site offers a unique perspective of two communities, one Northern and one Southern, and their experiences during the American Civil War. Students can explore primary sources such as newspapers, letters, diaries, photographs, maps, military records, and much more.


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