The list below is the first 10 national monuments designated under the Antiquities Act. The remaining dots on the illustration represent more than 100 national monuments across the United States and its territories that are managed by the National Park Service, the Forest Service, the Fish and Wildlife Service, and the Bureau of Land Management.Key:
1. Devil's Tower, Wyoming
2. El Morro, New Mexico
3. Montezuma, Arizona
4. Petrified Forest, Arizona
5. Chaco Canyon, New Mexico (Chaco Culture National Historical Park)
6. Cinder Cone, California (Lassen Volcanic National Park)
7. Lassen Peak, California (Lassen Volcanic National Park)
8. Gila Cliff Dwellings, New Mexico
9. Tonto, Arizona
10. Muir Woods, California
Questions for Illustration 1
1. What is a national monument and how is it declared? If needed, refer to Document 1 and Reading 3.
2. How many monuments are there east of the Mississippi River? Why do you think most of the national monuments are located in the western United States?
3. If the original goal of the Antiquities Act of 1906 was to protect ancient American Indian ruins and artifacts in the Southwest, why do you think scientific formations, such Rainbow Bridge in Utah, and historic sites, such as Thomas Edison's laboratory in New Jersey, included?
* The image on this screen has a resolution of 72 dots per inch (dpi), and therefore will print poorly. You can obtain a larger version of Illustration 1, but be aware that the file will take as much as 15 seconds to load with a 28.8K modem.