In 1901, for the first time a number of re-interred Confederate remains, as well as several existing graves, at Arlington National Cemetery, Virginia, were marked with the permanent headstones:
These stones are 4 inches thick, plane face and angular top, and are of the pattern of the headstone adopted by the United Confederate Veterans Association to mark the graves of Confederate dead. It was the wish of this Association in selecting a standard headstone, to select one of distinctive design, and the 4 inch stone with angular top and plane face was considered to fulfill this requirement - easily distinguished from the Union headstones or others of various designs.¹
"The Arlington Confederate specifications required 36 inches long and 10 inches wide," but the Army specified a dimension of "39 inches long and 12 inches wide is better…." However, while the 1906 Act passed by Congress required the stones to be similar to those in Arlington, it did not specify "identical," and the name inscribed could be cut in a curve."²
Questions for Photos 2 and 3
1. What information is provided on each headstone? Do the Camp Chase headstones follow the guidelines provided by the 1906 Act? How?
2. The soldiers in Photo 2 died in December 1863 and the soldiers in Photo 3 died in January 1865. Why do you think the markers are closer together in Photo 3?
3. Why do you think it was so important to provide proper recognition to these fallen soldiers?
¹ "Old Headstones" report, author and date (c. 1910) unknown, Commission for Locating and Marking Confederate Graves, RG 92, Box 6. Folder R#8 (1) NARA
* The photos on this screen have a resolution of 72 dots per inch (dpi), and therefore will print poorly. You can obtain a larger version of Photo 2 and Photo 3, but be aware that each file will take as much as 40 seconds to load with a 28.8K modem.