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How to Use
the Map


Inquiry Question

Historical Context

Map 2
Map 3




Table of

Locating the Site

Map 1: King of Prussia Area, 1777.[Map 1] with link to larger version of map.

(Clements Library, University of Michigan)

Map Key:
If needed, use a dictionary to familiarize yourself with the military terminology.
a Washingtons Qtrs (quarters)
b forge
c redoubt 2 Guns & Magazine
d redoubt makeing
e Artillery Park
f redoubt
g Breastwork 4 feet high
hhhh the line marked there is a
ditch 2 feet wide 3 deep brush about
20 yds (yards) in front
10 N Carolina Brigade

This is a detailed portion of a larger map of the area surrounding Valley Forge. It was drawn by William Parker in 1777 and is referred to as a “spy map.” It is believed that Parker was spying on George Washington's forces for the British. This detail depicts the area around the King of Prussia Inn, which at the time was also known as Berry's after the proprietor, James Berry.

The horizontal road on which the inn sits is now known as Route 202. The road dates as far back as the 1680s as evident by its notation on a map of that time demonstrating the Penn family's landholdings.

Questions for Map 1

1. Inns and taverns are represented by triangles on the map. List three other taverns shown on the map.

2. Compare and contrast the locations of Barry's and the other inns you identified. What is similar about the inns' locations, and why might they be built there?

3. Closely examine the map and its key. List three places, objects, groups or landforms shown on the map besides taverns. Why might the British army be interested in this information?

* The map on this screen has a resolution of 72 dots per inch (dpi), and therefore will print poorly. You can obtain a larger version of Map 1, but be aware that the file may take as much as 45 seconds to load with a 28.8K modem.



Comments or Questions

National Park Service arrowhead with link to NPS website.